I found the use of this article as medicine when I was quite young, and have made much use of it in all my practice. It is too well known in the country to need any description; is a small tree or bush, and grows very common, especially in new lands. A tea made of the leaves is an excellent medicine in many complaints, and may be freely used to advantage. It is the best thing for bleeding at the stomach of any article I have ever found, either by giving the tea made of the dry leaves, or chewing them when green; have cured several with it. This complaint is caused by canker eating off the small blood vessels, and this medicine will remove the canker and stop the bleeding. I have made much use of the tea, made strong for injection, and found it in all complaints of the bowels to be very serviceable. An injection made of this tea, with a little of No. 2, is good for the piles, and many complaints common to females; and in bearing-down pains it will afford immediate relief, if properly administered. These leaves may be used in No. 3 to good advantage, as a substitute for either of the other articles, or alone for the same purpose.

The leaves and twigs are a pleasant, reliable, mild, soothing, diffusive, stimulating, astringent tonic. It chiefly influences the mucous membrane.

Locally it is used in gonorrhoea, and in gleet. The distilled, non-alcoholic extract is the best for this purpose. In the treatment of gonorrhoea it gives the best of results and no urethral contractions follow its use. In leucorrhoea it stimulates and tones the uterus and vagina.

In dysentery and diarrhoea it may be used alone or in conjunction with other remedies as per Dr. Thomson's instructions.

It is a very good remedy in hemorrhages, either rectal, cystic or uterine.

It is valuable in the treatment of catarrh in any part of the system, whether vaginal or nasal. To the nose it can be applied with Nebulizer or anatomizer and to the womb on cotton.

It is of use in the treatment of prolapsus ani and in rectal hemorrhages. Is of use in sore eyes as a wash as it has no bad effect on the eyes.

This remedy is indicated in all sores or bleeding surfaces, no matter what their nature may be. By bearing this in mind, the physician can make no mistake. It is also indicated in all irritations, but this comes properly under the heading of sores. The dose of the Tincture is from 30 to 60 minims. The use of this remedy leaves absolutely no ill effects.