Besides the sons already mentioned, Bibi Matto is said by the Afghan accounts to have borne Shah Husen a number of other sons, viz, Turan, Tolar, Buran, and Polar. Here are names of quite a different stamp, and their character is maintained in the subdivisions of tribes springing from them in succeeding generations. Thus Turan is divided into the clans of Tokhi and Hotak, whilst amongst those classed as sprung from Buran are the Andar and Taraki. All these names are distinctly of Turk origin, and the evidence of the Afghan accounts, such as they are, go to show that (even if there had been a prior immigration of some part of this Turk tribe) about the beginning of the eighth century of our era, when the Arabs were overruning Transoxiana - the country called Turan in contradistinction to Iran - with the sword and Kuran, certain Turk tubes, known by the name of Khilich or Khilichi, and said to be Christians of the Nestorian Church - at that time a flourishing patriarchate in both Western and Eastern Turkistan - emigrated from their native country and sought refuge in the inaccessible mountains of Ghor.
The word Khilich means a "sword," and Khilichi, a "swordsman," just as, according to the Turk custom of naming their tribes after some individual peculianty or charactenstic, - Cazzetc or Cossack means a "robber," Kirghiz or Cirghiz, a " wanderer;" Uzbak, an "independent," Cara Calpac, a "black hat," Kizil bash, "redhead," etc. The Khilichi, when they entered Ghor, probably consisted only of the true Turk clans of Hotak, Tokhi, Andar, Taraki, Tolar, and Polar (the last two of which are lost in the Afghan reckoning), and made good their settlement there by force of arms amongst a mixed population of Jews, Israelites, Afghans, Indians, and Persians How long they stayed in Ghor is unknown, but it is probable that from their nomade habits of life, and the constant military expeditions of the Arabs through Southwestern Afghanistan at that period, they early moved forward, and finally settled in the country they now hold, that is, from a little to the east of Kalat-i-Ghilji to Shalgar and Abistada to the south of Ghazni The eastern part of this country, at the head waters of the Tarnak and Arghasan rivers, is a rich pasture tract in the summer season, whilst the open plain and steppe to the westward affords good winter quarters in the sheltered hollows of the undulating surface. This country was the first real and permanent settlement of the Ghilji in Afghanistan, and during the early centuries of the Muhammadan era was known by the name of Turan - probably, from the name of the combined clans - just as at the same period, the country to the south, including the present Peshin and Shal or Quetta, was called Budha from the Budhists inhabiting it.
From Turan, the Khilichi or Ghilji, it would appear, spread eastward to the rich pastures of the Suleman range, till they possessed themselves of the western slopes up to the present Waziri and Kakar borders. And this extension was effected not so much by direct conquest, or actual overflow of their own tribal population, as by the absorption and assimilation of weaker and obscure clans whom they found upon their borders And this view is supported by the change in name of the new clans successively enrolled under the name of the dominant one. Doubtless they included a variety of different races, and some of them were possibly of kindred stock, such as the Babur Ghilji, who had been planted here in earlier invasions of Turk tribes from the north.
What the origin of these new clans was, whether they were conquered and converted Pathans, who became absorbed into the dominant tribe, and thus, by the mere force of numbers and other favouring circumstances of the period, gave them both their language and social code of laws, or whether they were kindred tribes of Turks imported by Sabaktakin (that is, the one called Sabak, as Alaptakin, the one called Alap, takin being a distinctive affix of the names of Turk slaves), the founder of the Turk Tatar (as distinguished from the Mughal or Mongal Tatar) dynasty at Ghazni, is not clearly ascertained. Without excluding the possibility of their increase by the occasional immigration of other kindred Turk clans from across the Oxus, it may be considered more probable that the increase in the clans of the Ghilji took place mostly by the absorption and adoption of subjugated native tubes. For we find several instances of Chaghatai Turk clans living in close proximity to the Ghilji, yet quite distinct from them, and entirety ignorant of any kindred connection with them Such Turk clans are the Bayat about Ghazni and Herat, the Carlugh, Chung, and Mughal Turk (Yaka, Chinikcha, etc.) of Balkh, etc Such, also, are the Mongol and Chaghatai Turk clans of Mangal, Jaji, Jadian, Khitai, etc, who are settled about the Pewar and the head waters of the Kurram river, and who were brought to these situations on the invasions of Changhiz and Tymur - the Tatar scourges of the world during the thirteenth and fifteenth centuries These clans, with the exception of the Jadran, though they have almost entirely lost the typical physiognomy of their race, their mother-tongue, and, indeed, everything else but their names, which would connect them with their original stock, nevertheless hold themselves entirely distinct - political relations always excepted - from the Ghilji, who are their neighbours. The study of the history and origin of these obscure clans is a very important one, and interesting as well on its own merits, as yet it has hardly been even thought of.