Dr. Leonhard Stejneger, of the National Museum, has brought together an immense number of facts showing a former land connection between Scandinavia and Scotland which possibly lasted long after man was evolved, yet it disappeared long before the origin of the Aryans, who were evidently cooped up and unable to migrate. As soon as they gained strength enough to burst through or over the barrier of Asiatic broad heads, they began a southern drift - now and then in floods or waves - a drift which exists at the present time and which has caused nearly all the events commonly spoken of as history. It overflowed through Asia Minor throughout Southern Asia to India, carrying the Sanskrit language to all those peoples. Doctor Brinton approved the idea of Doctor Maurel, that the easternmost wave of Aryans in India are the Khiners of Cambodia, who are supposed to have arrived not earlier than the third or fourth century, a.d., but it is extremely unlikely that they survived many generations in India.
The Aryan race overflowed into Ceylon where it built up a tremendous civilization and then perished. It flowed on into Java and Sumatra, where it has left monuments almost identical with those of Ceylon. Its culture may have flowed on and on throughout all the Pacific Islands before it finally died out, for this is the only reasonable explanation for those peculiar and immense statues, works of masonry, etc., not vastly different from the Javanese, although found as far away as Easter Island, and whose origin is wrapped in impenetrable mystery. The Polynesian knows nothing of them and could not have made them.
The Ceylonese sacred literature is in a Sanskrit dialect called Pali - and is one of the sources of our present knowledge of the Aryans of India. The Sanskrit literature is mostly from the Himalayan valleys of Nepal, where white men can live some generations, yet neither dialect proves that the men who introduced it have left any survivors. The primitive character of these languages merely proves that the Aryans who used them must have been among the first to leave the home where the language was evolved.
In Java the classic language of the old traditions, folklore and history, is Kawi, and we can see in that probably a relation to Pali. It is supposed to be the most ancient and the means of introducing Sanskrit words. It seems to be also related to the word Bali, the name of the next island to the east. As the ancient Javanese history, written in Kawi, contains much Hindu mythology, we see here another evidence of an Aryan overflow from India, and the possibility that these people were the ones who built up that wonderful civilization in Java. The ruins of temples, cities, works of art and engineering are wonderful in extent and beauty, are of Hindu affinity and indicate a dense population in a high state of civilization, with an upper ruling class forcing their language on prior arrivals. The Aryan rulers died and therefore their civilization died. The Dutch are merely reintroducing an Aryan civilization higher than any former one.
The Javanese separated into tribes after the death of the first Aryan civilization, and dialects arose. Malay crept in along the coast long afterward, and is spoken there in some purity. Arabic was brought rather recently by Mohammedan missionaries, probably in the fourteenth century, so the present dialects are mixtures. Sudanese is spoken in the west, though Javanese is the main language, and there is a Court language also, but all have a basis or mixture of Sanskrit left by the original Aryan conquerors.
John Foreman says of the Moros of Mindanao, that the root of their language is Sanskrit mixed with Arabic. This might indicate that the Aryans who built up Indian civilizations had subjugated this island also before they died out. Nevertheless, it is equally possible that both Arabic and Sanskrit were brought in by the Moros themselves, for their traditions indicate a recent arrival not many centuries ago. The words are too numerous to be accounted for by trade. The small number of Sanskrit words in Luzon can be thus explained. Dr. Pardo de Tavera in his work, "El Sanskrito in la Lcngua Tagalog," thinks that the Hindu actually reached Luzon as a colonizer and conqueror. These facts are mentioned merely to show the far-reaching effect of the first Aryan migration from Northern Europe of people who were superior to all the races of Asia or Europe even at that early period.