The greatest impediments to good government in the United States are the school teachers, who assert that education is all that is needed to make little brains give out thoughts as good as the big ones. This false idea is at the basis of all the objections to restriction of the franchise. To every such suggestion they cry out - educate them and they will think well enough to vote! It is impossible, of course, but the idea is a fixed one. It is strange that the very instrument - education - which was intended to make the government better, in the days when voters were,more nearly equal in intelligence, is now actually making it worse, by attempting to qualify as voters those who have not the necessary brains.

Illiteracy is not the cause of lack of intelligence, as generally taught, but is the result. In Europe and Africa it varies inversely as the average brain development. Native Americans of high grade may be illiterate, as in the eighteenth century, from lack of opportunity.*

Fitness Of Constitutions

Mr. James Bryce says: "The English Constitution, which we admire as a masterpiece of delicate equipoises and complicated mechanism, would anywhere but in England be full of difficulties and dangers."*  Similarly, the American Constitution is a masterpiece of delicate equipoises and complicated mechanism suitable for the original nation, but is becoming full of difficulties and dangers now that hordes, for whom it was not intended, have changed the character of the nation. The same result would occur to the British Constitution if the hordes invaded England.*

Illiteracy

Nation.

Per Cent.

German Empire...........

.11

Swedeo and Norway...

.11

Switzerland...............

.30

Denmark................

.54

England...

. . 1.60

Scotland....

. 3.57

Netherlands..............

4.00

France...................

. 4.90

England..................

. 5.80

Belgium.................

. 12.80

Nation

Per Cent.

Ireland...................

. 17.00

Austria...................

. 23.80

Hungary.................

. 28.10

Greece...................

. 30.00

Italy.....................

. 38.30

Russia...................

. 61.70

Spain....

. 68.10

Portugal...

. 79.00

Servia....................

. 86.00

Roumania....

. 89.00

* "The American Commonwealth," p. 290.

The late Mayo Smith said that those "who desire that the United States should discharge the functions of a world-asylum, forget that asylums are not governed by their inmates." Why not acknowledge at once that our altruistic desire to help all lower races, even if they starve us, is suicidal, unscientific, a blunder. Why not acknowledge that sovereignty belongs only to brains big enough to use it? Why not take steps to keep what has been purchased by rivers of blood ever since the Magna Charta? Why not take counsel of past blunders and prevent that national disease which will be later so painful and bloody to cure? After spending oceans of blood to wrest our sovereignty from kingly tyrants, we foolishly give it away to negroes, Slavs, and Italian peasants - none of whom ever owned it, do not want it, are damaged by it, and few of whom are able to use it. Our democracy at present is not Aryan at all, and is therefore unnatural. The asylum will be managed from Europe, if we do not wake up soon.

* "In his thoughtful and temperate address at Oxford on the 'Relations of the Advanced and Backward Races of Mankind,' Mr. Bryce whose judgments have been carefully formed from extended investigations of this difficult problem, pointed out the probability of the repetition in the Philippines and in South Africa of conditions that now exist in the Southern States of America, and stated the policy, which, in his opinion, must be adopted. According to Mr. Bryce, the prejudices of the white, especially of the Anglo-Saxon race, against fusion of the races by intermarriage, is so strong that it cannot, and probably ought not to be overcome. Political rights should, however, be based on a restricted suffrage. A qualification based on property and education, which should permit the upper section of the backward race to enjoy the suffrage, while excluding some of the poorest and meanest of the whites, would be better than a purely race qualification, which must wound and alienate the whole of the colored race by putting them without the pale of civic functions and duties".