The increasing number of celibates is another universal phenomenon of civilization which reduces the birth rate, and by leaving childbearing to a few it has the effect of increasing the number of children per family. The phenomenon is closely connected with the increased age at marriage, and needs discussion. One of the chief reasons for modern matrimony is the need of companionship of the opposite sex. There are many good authorities who stale that in normal man there is no such thing as a need of sexual intercourse. If the desire is ignored, the apparatus, nervous and otherwise, gradually undergoes atrophy exactly as happens to another part of the body kept from functioning, but even this is strenuously denied now and then. Moreover, there is good evidence that the system suffers no deleterious effects whatever from abstinence. It is only in the people of unstable nervous system in whom the passion is either uncontrollable or absorbs so much of the individual's attentions that it seems to demand satisfaction. Certainly it is true that a large number of normal men can and do safely ignore their sexual nature for a long time.

There is no doubt that modern psychology has shown that the ordinary laws of selection have caused the survival of two types of mind, male and female, as the best fitted, to survive in the past. Each possesses some characters the other lacks, and each is necessary to the other's existence. Without that help, the man or woman alone is one-sided in views and actions and so inefficient to that extent that the life work does not produce the results of the married. The generalized type of mind, the same in male and female, disappeared from the earth with our prehuman ancestors. At present the further we go down in the scale of humanity the more nearly alike are the men and women mentally, and the higher the civilization, the greater is the difference. In some savage races there is so little difference that the women make most efficient warriors. The divergence is so great in the highest races that the two are now dependent upon each other - are really commensal organisms. All the discussion of the women's rights associations as to the equality of sexes are highly unscientific - indeed, comparison of such different or rather complementary organisms is not possible. One completes the other and each serves a use in life entirely different from the other. When given the franchise, for instance, most women will not use it because they cannot. When men are given certain other opportunities, which can only be improved by women, they invariably neglect them because of inability to use them. Hence, if man is to do his highest and best, he must have his brain completed by the complementary organism evolved by natural selection for thousands of generations for this purpose.

Man, being the struggling, fighting bread winner, has been compelled to be selfish in the interests of his family as against other families, and emotion had little place. By natural selection this type has survived as the male brain. Woman's sphere has demanded tremendous sacrifices for the children, so that emotional minds - those ruled by love - have been the fittest, and selection has preserved them. This emotional type is the female. Each completes the other's defects. In his struggle, man had to combine with other men in business as he had in war, and to do this he invented the fictitious being called a corporation, which, in the eyes of the law, has all the rights of a man; can buy, hold and sell property and do any business a man can. It is a purely selfish creature, absolutely soulless - immortal - a horrible Frankenstein. It never does good except to benefit itself, reflexly. It treats its employees well, gives good pay, attends them when sick or injured, and gives them old age pensions, but not through any altruistic motive, but for the sole reason that by this means it gets the best servants and most faithful service. In its most modern form, the trust, it is a hideous monster, selfish, brutal, emotionless, fighting solely for its own interests. It is like the male type of brain and what the male type should have been expected to evolve.

On the other hand, notice the types of corporations evolved by women, emotional, unselfish, altruistic in the extreme, illogical, delightfully disdainful of facts, wholly unable to see good in that which opposes them, and they are eventually useless in that they destroy the very building they try to erect. Take the Women's Christian Temperance Union, for instance, which has succeeded in introducing into schools those wonderful textbooks which, under the name of science, teach ridiculous falsehoods as to alcohol. The children read the books wherein all kinds of terrible things are stated of the men who drink a drop, and then go home and see the beloved father taking his evening toddy, comfortable, happy and long lived. No wonder they learn to have contempt for this propaganda and scornfully refer to the books as the "alcohol books." American Medicine, September, 1902, even states that the Women's Christian Temperance Union's prize for the best essay on the evils of tobacco was awarded to a confirmed "cigarette fiend." The Women's Christian Temperance Union neutralizes its own work, and will never accomplish what it aims to do. It is a female or emotional "trust." It should have male brains to assist and complete the idea emanating from female minds.

Prof. E. L. Thorndyke* in 1,000 names from "Who's Who In America," finds that eminent men are married about in the same proportion as the whole population.*  Likewise, the age at which they marry is essentially the same as for the general population. "Twenty-two and two-tenths per cent, married before the age of twenty-five; forty-three and three-tenths per cent, between twenty-five and thirty; eighteen and seven-tenths per cent, between thirty and thirty-five; and fifteen and eight-tenths per cent, between thirty-five and forty-five. The corresponding figures for the general male population of the United States are: twenty-two and seven-tenths, forty-one and three-tenths, twenty-three and one-tenth, and thirteen and one-tenth." He uses the figures to show the intense conservatism of nature, and the fact that the lines of eminent men do not die out from celibacy as so often stated. But we can see in this the fact that if celibacy was an advantage there would be more eminent celibates. Pitifully little emanates from a celibate priesthood. The eminent men must have benefited by marriage; then thoughts must have been tempered, molded, shaped, if not even suggested, by the complementary brain.

* Popular Science Monthly, August, 1902.

*  Eminent men

Per cent, married

Per cent.

whole population married

60-70 ...............................

88

93

50-60 ...............................

88

92

40-50 ...............................

88

89

30-40 ...............................

85

79