It seems that, like all other struggles, the fight for trade is destined to result in success to the most intelligent nations, for they are the ones who will be able to keep in the advance - all others being mere imitators. Already, the northwestern corner of Europe, by reason of its brains, is in control of the manufactures and trade of the world. It begins to look as though the Aryan is to be the future manufacturer, and that the demand in the tropics is merely for machinery and other aids for producing tropical things which they alone can supply to Arya.
The importance to Europe of the South American trade is explained by the fact that this new country is really an outlying farm which feeds the city people of the old world, and which is destined to feed them more as they become more supersaturated. Argentina, for instance, is one of the greatest sheep countries in the world, perhaps the greatest. It has 110,000,000 sheep now, and can support 300,000,000; it has 28,000,000 cattle, and can raise 100,000,000. Its wheat competes with ours. It has vast-freezing establishments from which immense quantities of frozen meat flow out to Europe. Uruguay has also a great food supply for sale, being a fine wheat and cattle country. Hence, we see that almost all the ocean trade is carried on directly between South America and Europe. It is doubtful if we ever will have as large a trade with our Southern wards as Europe now has. At present we control only one-tenth of the trade of Cencivilization's dependence upon commerce 323 tral and South America, and many writers state that we would have practically nothing were it not for a few American "colonies" in Mexico and the West Indies. All America seems to be drifting toward a condition of supplying raw materials and food to Europeans. The high prices of everything in America at present prevent any great interference with this movement. Of course, "the law of surplus" permits our manufacturers to run their machinery a little more than necessary to supply the home demand and sell the surplus abroad cheaper than the average cost and still make a profit. We can buy many American articles abroad for less than we can at home. The English manufacturers do the same. It is almost amusing, by the way, to hear "politicians" blame free trade in England and protection in America for this natural law.
"All roads lead to Rome" was the condition of affairs when that city was so supersaturated that foods poured into it from all directions. Of course, there were numerous political necessities for the roads, but it is wished to emphasize the food matter because an identical state of affairs exists as to the northwest corner of Europe, though now in ocean traffic. It is the Arya of the Ancients - the blond area of the world - the brainiest area of the world - and foods are pouring into it from all directions. "All steamships go to Arya," would be a fanciful way of stating the problem. The easiest way to get to any corner of the world, is to go to England and take the next boat. Our mails to South America are so slow that it would save time to send them all to England for transfer. There is a great outcry on the part of merchants and manufacturers at the difficulty of sending goods to South America, and we now see the reason. The trend of the world is to send food and raw materials to Northwest Europe and bring back manufactured goods. In the struggle for existence, the prize - survival - has gone to the brainiest ever since the first mammals replaced the huge saurians in past geological ages. It is therefore not at all certain that the trade expansion of the United States in manufactures is to continue indefinitely.
Every part of the world shows a tendency to produce that thing which brings them in the most money with which to buy food. Food is bought wherever it is cheapest, either at home or abroad. In time some places will be densely packed, and yet raise very little food, while others will do nothing except raise food. All parts of the world, then, become dependent upon each other, each doing some thing which the others cannot do. War will be a disaster, instead of a means of increasing trade. Even now neither France, Germany, nor England, can afford to cut off food supplies from America. One hundred American commerce destroyers could stop a war in six months - and they would be the most efficient means of preserving our peaceful relations with Europe. Only a fool wants to injure our navy. It is our salvation pending that slow course of events which is making us a political dependent of Europe. We are materially dependent now, for if war would stop the food exports the farmers could not sell it, and they could not buy other things, and the factories would shut down. Trade is our salvation already.