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The Home Cyclopedia Of History and Geography | by Charles Morris



The necessary facts and statistics according to latest reports of the areas, physical features, populations, religions and governments of all countries of the world as included in the grand divisions or continents, with the important and interesting facts about each country and the people who inhabit it. A convenient book of reference for historical and geographical subjects.

TitleThe Home Cyclopedia Of History
AuthorCharles Morris
PublisherW.E. Scull
Year1902
Copyright1902, W.E. Scull
AmazonHome Cyclopedia of Necessary Knowledge

Book III

The Home Cyclopedia Of History And Geography

The necessary facts and statistics according to latest reports of the areas, physical features, populations religions and governments of all countries of the world as included in the grand divisions or continents, with the important and interesting facts about each country and the people who inhabit it. a convenient book of reference for historical and geographical subjects

By CHARLES MORRIS, LL.D.

Author of " Civilization, a Study of its Elements," " The Aryan Race," " The Greater Republoc," " Dictionary of Universal Biography," etc., etc.

H. C. Pros

-History And Geography. The Earth, Its Countries And Its Peoples
Astronomy teaches us that the earth, man's home, is one of the class of stars called planets that move around the sun, and the sun and its planets constitute the solar system. Physical Geography give...
-The Continent of Europe
The name of this continent is derived from the mythological Europa, whom Jupiter is reputed to have carried over to its shores from Mount Ida. The country is a peninsula projecting from Asia. It is th...
-Population of the Earth According to Race
(Estimated by John Bartholomew, F.R.G.S. Edinburgh.) Rack Location Number Indo-Germanic or Aryan (white) . Europe, Persia, 545,500.000 Mongolian or Tur-ainian (yellow and b...
-Growth of European Civilization
During the zenith of Asiatic civilization the continent of Europe remained in utter barbarism. At length the light broke out in Greece, and she attained an eminence in learning, arms, art, literature,...
-Europe in the 19th Century
The last five years of the eighteenth, and the first decade of the nineteenth, century marked the rise and wonderful success of Napoleon I., who for twenty years devastated and terrorized Europe as no...
-The Governments Of Europe
To treat the governments of Europe individually, it is necessary to confine ourselves to the briefest statements of facts as gleaned from available statistical material. The United Kingdom of Great B...
-The British Empire
The little United Kingdom just described, with less than 38,000,000 people and of diminutive area, is but the head of the gigantic body of the British Empire, the entire population of which, since the...
-France
All together the Republic of France controls approximately sixty-three and a quarter million people, and three and one-half millions of square miles of territory. But France proper, without her coloni...
-Spain
At one time Spain was the most important nation of the world, governing a population of over 80,000,000 souls, with colonies exceeding those of any other nation on earth. At present she has been strip...
-Portugal
The Kingdom of Portugal comprises 34,028 square miles, with a population of 4,708,000. Portugal is bounded on the east and north by Spain, and on the west and south by the Atlantic Ocean. Religion - ...
-Italy
This country has increased rapidly in population during recent years. It now has about 35,000,000 subjects, with a territory of 114,610 square miles. Italy was formerly called Rome, which empire incl...
-Greece
With a population of 2,433,806 and 25,-041 square miles of territory, the little Kingdom of Greece, only about two-thirds the size of the State of Maine, sits unique among the monarchies of Europe. Su...
-The Austro-Hungarian Empire
Comprises the Empire of Austria and the Kingdom of Hungary, with 201,591 square miles and 41,827,700 population. It is bounded on the north by Poland, Silesia, and Saxony; on the west by Bavaria and S...
-Germany
The German Empire, with its 52,280,000 inhabitants and 211,108 square miles, consists of the four kingdoms of Prussia, Saxony, Bavaria, and Wurtemburg, six grand-duchies, five duchies, seven principal...
-Switzerland
The ancient Helvetia of the Romans is to-day the Swiss Republic, embracing 15,981 square miles, with a population of 2,933,334. Switzerland is the highest country in Europe. One-third of the whole rep...
-Belgium
Belgium is the most densely-settled country on the earth. The population in January, 1900, was 6,744,553, crowded into an area of 11,313 square miles, making an average of 593 persons to each square m...
-The Netherlands (Holland)
As Switzerland is the highest country in Europe, so The Netherlands is the lowest. One-third of Switzerland lies above the snow-line; one-third of Holland is below the level of the sea. There are no f...
-Denmark
Denmark, with Norway and Sweden, forms ancient Scandinavia. The country proper consists of only 14,780 square miles, and has 2,172,205 inhabitants. It is bounded on the west by the North Sea ; on the ...
-Sweden and Norway
These two kingdoms, forming the Scandinavian Peninsula, comprise jointly 297,-321 square miles and 6,785,898 population. Norway and Sweden are bounded on the north by the Arctic Ocean; on the east by...
-The Russian Empire
The Russian Empire, next to that. of Great Britain, is the most extensive dominion in the world, embracing, as it does, 8,660,395 square miles, with a population in round numbers of 136,000,000 of peo...
-The Countries Of Europe
Political Division Form of Government Areas.in British Square Miles Capitals 1. Russia in Europe............. Empire..... 2,266,983 St. Petersburg. 2. Germany.............
-Turkey
The Ottoman Empire includes Turkey in Europe, Turkey in Asia, a large part of northeastern Africa, and several islands, embracing in all 1,652,533 square miles, with a population of 33,559,787. Turke...
-The Continent Of Asia
Asia, the supposed birthplace of mankind, is the largest of the continents and the most populous. More than half the human race live on this continent. It comprises about one-third of the land surface...
-China
The Chinese Empire contains nearly four and one-half million square miles, divided into China Proper, with 1,554,000; Manchuria, 380,000; Mongolia and Zun-garia, 1,462,000 ; Thibet, 661,500, and Easte...
-Japan
The Empire of Japan, with its over 41,-000,000 subjects, stands next to China in importance among the independent governments of Asia. In fact, in point of progress and development, both in its people...
-India
The Empire of India, by which we mean nearly the whole of India, is subject to Great Britain, either absolutely or as tributary states. In area India is larger than all the Pacific states and territor...
-Indo-China
Farther India or Indo-China, comprising the kingdoms of Burmah, Siam, and Anam, Lower .Cochin-China, Cambodia, and the Malay Peninsula, is noted for its long mountain ranges, hot, moist climate, ferti...
-Persia
Persia, Afghanistan, and Beloochistan, are remarkable for their desert tracts, forest-covered mountains, and fertile river valleys. Grain, sugar, fruits, indigo, and dates grow abundantly. Many inhabi...
-Turkey in Asia
Turkey in Asia is a part of the Ottoman or Turkish Empire, the capital of which is Constantinople. In Eastern Asiatic Turkey flow the rivers famous in both sacred and profane history - the Tigris and ...
-Arabia
Arabia is sparsely settled, and has no general government. A part of it is under Egyptian rule. The rest of the country, though nominally shared among an uncertain number of petty states, is really ru...
-Palestine
Palestine, or the Holy Land of the Christians, and the Promised Land of the ancient Hebrew, adjoins Arabia. It is a mountainous and unfertile little country, containing the cities of Jerusalem and...
-Oceania
Oceania is separated from the continents in a manner to form it into a world of itself. It is composed of Australia and most of the Islands of the Pacific. These islands are generally subject to volca...
-Flags Of All Nations
-Table of European Possessions
Country Area in Square Miles Population British ............................ 3,160,380 3,223,041 Dutch....... 718,800 28,500,000 Spanish .............................
-Australia
Australia, the largest of the islands of the world, lies wholly south of the equator, and is really a continent within itself, its greatest length, from Cape Byron to Steepe Point, being 2,400 miles, ...
-Tasmania
This island forms the sixth state of the Australian federation. It is located in the South Pacific Ocean, situated at the southeastern extremity of the Australian mainland, from which it is separated ...
-New Zealand
Situated about 1,200 miles to the south east of Australia, this is also a British colony, consisting of a group of three principal islands, called respectively, the North, South, and Stewart Islands,...
-New Guinea
Next to Australia, this is the largest island in the world. Its greatest length is 1,490 miles and its maximum breadth is 430 miles. The area is estimated at 311,580 square miles, with a total populat...
-The Fiji Islands
The Fiji or Viti Archipelago is a Crown Colony of Great Britain, and comprises about 225 islands and islets, nearly eighty of which are inhabited. Area, 8,048 square miles. Population, 130,000, nearly...
-Malaysia, Micronesia, and Polynesia
For the various islands comprising these groups, with statistics concerning the same, see the beginning of this article. The most important are also further mentioned under the treatment of the respec...
-The Continent Of Africa
Africa forms the vast southwestern peninsula of the old world, being joined to Asia by the narrow isthmus of Suez. This continent, next to Asia, is the largest of the continents of the earth, and, nex...
-Central Africa
The Congo Free State, with an area of 800,000 square miles and a population of 24,000,000, was constituted in 1885, and its status defined by the International Conference held at Berlin. It was declar...
-Northern Africa
Northern Africa includes the Barbary States of Tripoli, Tunis, Algeria, and Morocco, the inhabitants of which are Moors, Arabs, and Berbers, an ignorant and warlike people. Morocco is the largest of t...
-America - The New World
North and South America constitute what is known as the New World. They are really one continent connected by the Isthmus of Panama, but are usually considered as two. The New World was first discov...
-North America
North America, the northern continent of the western hemisphere, forms a large part of the New World. It is directly opposite the great mass of the Old World. Next to Asia and Africa, it is the larges...
-Countries of North America
North America includes British America, the United States, Mexico, Central America and the West Indies. The boundary line between the UnitedStates and Canada is marked by a row of iron pillars, earth ...
-The Dominion of Canada
Canada lies immediately north of the United States of America, and has a population roundly estimated at 5,000,000 inhabitants. Before the Revolutionary struggle which gave the United States independe...
-The United States
Among the nations of the earth, none has shown such marvelous achievement within so short a time as the United States of America. One and a quarter centuries ago 3,000,000 people were struggling for t...
-Comparative Population Of All American Cities Of Over 100,000 Inhabitants
Also statement of the area in acres covered by each, and average density of population. COMPARATIVE PROGRESS OF COTTON MANUFACTURING, NORTH AND SOUTH, 1890-1900 World's Annual Production ...
-The New Possessions of the United States
Porto Rico The island of Porto Rico, which came under the United States flag on October 18, 1898, is the most eastern of the Greater Antilles in the West Indies, and is separated on the east from the...
-Mexico
When the Spaniards discovered Mexico it was the home of the highest civilization in the New World. The Aztecs lived there and built large cities, mined copper and stone and other materials. Their King...
-Central America
Central America comprises all of the mainland lying south of Mexico to the South American Continent, divided among five independent republics and the British colony of Balize, area and populations of ...
-The West Indies
The West Indies consist of about 1,000 islands exten ing in two chains southeast from the coa of North America. Some of them are 1ittle more than coral rocks. Others large and very fertile. They are d...
-South America
The southern continent of the Western Hemisphere is joined to North America by the Isthmus of Panama, which at its narrowest part is only thirty miles wide. South America lies almost wholly in the tor...
-Chronology of Great Historical Events
B. C 878 Carthage founded. 776 Olympic Era began. 753 Foundation of Rome. 588 Jerusalem taken by Nebuchadnezzar. 536 Restoration of the Jews under Cyrus. 509 Expulsion of the Tarquins from Rome....
-The History Of The World By Centuries. Ancient History To The Christian Era
2229 To 1000 B. C 2229 Assyria founded by Ashur. 2200 The Hia dynasty in China founded. 2188 Misriam settled Egypt. 2100 Nimrod builds Babylon. 2000 Ninus builds Nineveh. 2000 Cuneiform ...
-The History Of The World From The Year 900 To 1500 A.D
900 to 1000 A. D. 01 Alfred's death. 11 Rollo the Norse-man obtains Neustria. 11 Conrad I., Emperor of Germany. 36 Otho the Great, Emperor of Germany. 40 Emir al Omra first appointed 62 Otho ...
-The 16th and 17th Centuries from 1500 to 1700 A. D. FIRST 50 YEARS 18TH CENTURY
1500 to 1550 A. D. 01 Battle of Ceri-zoles - the French lose Naples. 08 League of Cam-bray against Venice. 13 Battle of Flod-den. 15 Francis I. becomes King of France. 16 Charles I. becomes King ...
-From 1865 to the Opening Years of the 20th Century
1865 to 1875 A. D. 66 War between Italy and Germany. 66 Prim insurrection in Spain. 6(3 War between Germany and Austria. 66 Battle of Sadowa. 66 Reciprocity Treaty between U. S. and Canada. 66 ...

The Home Cyclopedia Of Necessary Knowledge

Embracing Five Books In One Volume

Book I. The Home Cyclopedia Of General Information

Book II. The Home Cyclopedia Of Business

Book III. The Home Cyclopedia Of History

Book IV. The Home Cyclopedia Of Cooking And Housekeeping

Book V. The Home Cyclopedia Of Health And Medicine










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