Plain Hanging Wardrobe - Small Wardrobe with Drawer - Wardrobe with Straight Ends - Beaconsfield Wardrobe - Six-ft. Wardrobe with Long Trays and Drawers - Short Trays and Drawers - Fittings - Toilet Table Glass - Dressing Chests - Washstands - Pedestal Cupboard - Pedestal Toilets.
The furniture of the bedroom consists principally of wardrobes, dressing-tables, washstands, chests of drawers, and pedestal cupboards. Some may be inclined to think that the piece of furniture which gives its name to the room, viz., the bedstead should have been included in this list, and it may be well to explain that brass and iron bedsteads are now so much used that those of wood are practically obsolete. The construction of those of metal, of course, does not concern the cabinet-maker, so that, for present purposes, it is not necessary to consider them. The bedding, of course, so far as mattresses are concerned, comes under the upholsterer's hands, and, consequently, will not be described here. Following the course adopted in the last chapter, typical examples of the principal furniture will be given, details of design being left to the skill and discretion of the maker.
Chief among the things constructed by the cabinetmaker is the wardrobe, of which many varieties are found in size and arrangement. In most of them the leading features are a cupboard for hanging things in, with, when size permits, drawers, shelves, and sliding trays, and it is generally, invariably when ladies are concerned, considered that a large looking-glass is an essential feature. This, of course, is introduced as a door panel. As even a small wardrobe is a somewhat cumbersome piece of furniture, which it would be difficult to move to or from a room, while a large one could hardly be removed entire, it may be as well to say at the outset that wardrobes, like other big articles of furniture are built up of separate parts which are fastened up together. The smallest wardrobe is the plain hanging variety shown in Fig. 194. It consists of three parts, the main or cupboard portion, plinth, and cornice, and requires few remarks. The width seldom exceeds 3 ft, height and depth from back to front being regulated according to ideas of convenience. The door is shown with a comparatively small glass, as to have one to the bottom would, on account of the weight, be rather a strain on such a small carcase, though, if this is made sufficiently heavy and deep from back to front, there is no reason why it could not carry a much heavier door. This, it will be noticed, does not extend the whole width of the front. The remainder is taken up with solid pieces, to which something of the appearance of framing and panelling is given by mouldings. Of course, these pieces may be actually framed and panelled, but the width is so trifling that it is hardly worth while doing so, while, on the other hand, the mouldings may be omitted, and the parts left plain, or be relieved by scratched beadings. The ends are connected by solid top and bottom lap-dovetailed into them. Plinth and cornice are secured by means of square blocks fastened to the top and bottom, and fitting into the corners. Thus, to fit up the parts, the plinth is laid on the ground, the carcase placed on top with the blocks fitting into the corners of the plinth, and, finally, the cornice is laid on. The back is munted and let into a rabbet in the ends, and lies over the edges of top and bottom in ordinary work, while if something better is wanted it may be panelled. Fig. 195 represents a hanging wardrobe with drawer at bottom, and is available for sizes up to 4 ft. or even 4 ft. 6 ins. wide. It is made in four parts, viz., the lower portion containing the drawer, the cupboard, and, of course, cornice and plinth, though this latter, if it is considered preferable, may be fastened to the drawer carcase. In the main the construction is the same as before. The lower portion is merely a case to contain the drawer, which usually does not work direct against the ends, the thickness of which in front is apparently increased by pilasters of say, 2 ins. to 3 ins. in width, the space behind them, of course, being vacant except for the guides which are necessary for the drawer. The upper carcase is made as before, but the fixed pieces of the front may as well be framed up and panelled. The top and bottom, it will be noticed, are covered by the door, which may be either hung with butts or with centre hinges. In the latter case either the door must be rounded at the back edges by the top and bottom, or a small space must be cut in these to allow the door to hang. If centre hinges are used, a beading strip may be fastened on to the fixed portion similar to the one on the edge of the door. These pieces being fastened with one edge projecting serve to cover the joint of the door. A wardrobe of somewhat different construction, inasmuch as it has three drawers in the lower portion and has straight sides, is shown in Fig. 196. Owing to the absence of projecting plinth and cornice, this form is admirably adapted for fitting into a recess, as the sides fit close against the walls, and no space is wasted. When this method is adopted, the cornice, of course with straight sides, may be made separately, but it is usual not to do so, the moulding in front being simply let in between the two ends. The top cannot be dovetailed unless it is above the cornice, an unusual form of construction but one which gives additional height within the cupboard, and must be fastened by tenon or other joint into the ends.
Fig. 194. - Small Hanging Wardrobe.
Fig. 195. - Hanging Wardrobe with Drawer.