Fig. 211   Top of Cylinder fall Table.

Fig. 211 - Top of Cylinder-fall Table.

The table part is usually framed up, and slides within the ends. In the ends of the table grooves are ploughed, and in them fits a corresponding piece of tonguing. The centre of the table is hinged in front to form a slope when necessary, and when up is supported by two short pieces of wood loosely screwed inside, so that when not wanted they fold out of the way. To prevent them slipping the loose ends fit into notches cut for them. In a similar manner the spaces on each side of the slope may be made with lids to lift up.

Fig. 212.   Method of hanging Fall.

Fig. 212. - Method of hanging Fall.

The interior fittings, pigeon-holes, etc, are made separately inside a loose case, which is fitted in place when making the job up.

Instead of a solid cylinder, a shutter or tambour fall, built up of narrow pieces of wood, not glued together but stuck on a backing of canvas, so that they are flexible and will adapt themselves to any reasonable curve.

Fig. 213.   Top of Writing desk with Tambour Fall.

Fig. 213. - Top of Writing-desk with Tambour Fall.

Such falls run within grooves in the ends and must be very accurately fitted, sufficient space being left behind for the falls to be pushed up. The width of the pieces must be regulated according to circumstances, and by rounding the edges of each or working beads on them a handsome appearance may be given. Fig. 213 represents such a desk with the fall partly closed, and it will be seen that a different shaping has been given to the front. The table top also, it may be noted, is fixed, and does not pull forward. Most of the American writing-tables are made on this principle, and it must be admitted that many of them are far ahead in point of convenient arrangement of the interior to those generally made in this country. The interior fittings of any writing-table, it should be said, are entirely a matter of fancy on the part of the maker, and those who have an opportunity of doing so will do well to examine the American arrangements.

The bureau illustrated in Fig. 214, though an old-fashioned thing, is not without its advantages. Cornpared with other writing-tables, etc, it is not often made, but sufficiently so to justify mention here. The lid is hinged to form, when open as indicated by the dotted line, the writing space, and is supported by sliding rails at the ends. The usual arrangement of the lower part is drawers, but any that may be preferred can be adopted, the simplest naturally being a plain cupboard. The lid is clamped up at the ends or framed all round, the panel on the inside at any rate being flush. The top or front edge and ends are rabbeted to rest against the top and on the ends of the carcase, and the only point to which the novice's attention need be directed is the necessity of allowing for the thickness of the top, which lies within them, by not starting the slope of the ends directly from the top.

Fig. 214   Bureau.

Fig. 214 - Bureau.

Bookcases are made in every conceivable size and shape, the simplest being that known as the dwarf bookcase, of which a small one is represented in Fig. 215.

Fig. 215.   Dwarf Bookcase.

Fig. 215. - Dwarf Bookcase.

It consists of little more than an open carcase supporting the shelves. These, as is well known, are generally made movable and adaptable to any desired distance apart. The usual mode is by means of pieces of wood shaped and fixed to the ends, as shown in Fig. 216. Movable rails on which the shelves lie are fitted to these, the corners of the shelves being cut out to fit. When desired, dwarf bookcases can have doors fitted to them, and the edges of the shelves look best when finished with leather edging. This may be stuck direct on to the edges, or on to slips which are sometimes glued to the under surface, and sometimes sunk in grooves ploughed for them.