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Handbook For Scoutmasters | by Boy Scouts of America



To enable Scoutmasters to be more effective in their leadership, this book has been developed out of the experience of thousands and thousands of Scout Leaders in all parts of the country. The Scout Program is a growing thing. It is a live and vital thing. Therefore, it is necessary that the text books be rewritten from time to time. This is the third Handbook for Scoutmasters. In accordance with custom, it is presented to the field only after a very painstaking and thorough procedure to make sure that it does represent the most effective practices in use today. This book has not been written quickly. It has been in the process of development over a period of several years. As has been the case in all Manuals, including the very first Handbook for Boys, after the manuscript had been reviewed by many persons in the National Office and in the field, it was sent out in galley proof to a large list of Scoutmasters, Scout Executives and others qualified to advise.

TitleHandbook For Scoutmasters. Volume 1 & 2
AuthorBoy Scouts of America
PublisherBoy Scouts of America
Year1938
Copyright1938, Boy Scouts of America
AmazonHandbook For Scoutmasters
-Foreword
The Boy Scouts of America is recognized throughout the nation as one of the assets in American life today. This was made possible through the efforts of Scoutmasters who through the years gave themsel...
-The What, Why And Where Of This Handbook
To you, Scoutmasters and leaders of boys, this Handbook is made available. It reflects the experiences of more than twenty-five years of Scouting, the researches of many men, and the practical study o...
-Chat 1. The Origin Of Scouting
TT was the year 1899. Trouble was brewing in South 1 Africa. Relations between the British and the Government of the Transvaal Republic had reached the breaking point. War was expected at any time. Th...
-Chat 2. The Game Of Scouting
SINCE the day of the founding of the Boy Scouts of America in 1910 more than seven million boys and men of our country have been Scouts. Why? Because the boys wanted it! Because the founder of the Sco...
-I. The Boy In Scouting
In the majority of other programs for boys, the boy is treated as simply a member of a group. In Scouting each boy is treated as an individual. Essential Elements In The Program Of Scouting ...
-II. The Leadership In Scouting
To make Scouting effective, leadership, strong, purposeful, is an absolute essential. Footprints in the snow. Small animals passed this way and left their marks. Scouts study them with their S...
-III. The Activities Of Scouting
But, naturally, when you bring boys together under adult leadership, something must happen. What Does Happen In Scouting? Plenty The very word 'scouting' with its tang of the out-of-doors sugg...
-IV. The Organization Of Scouting
To help the Scoutmaster and to ensure that the standards of Scouting practices and Scout Advancement be upheld, organization is necessary. To have the boy meet his Requirements under conditions where...
-V. The Scout Oath And Law
And finally, as the fifth essential element and the most important of all, we have the Scout Oath and Law and the Scout ideals of service. The Scout Law is the foundation upon which the whole Sco...
-Chat 4. Giving The Boy Scouting
WHO is this boy about whom we are talking? And what is he?* To the little lad next door he is a hero. To his buddy, he is a good guy-to his mother, a lovable mystery- to his teacher, a problem-to...
-Part II. Early Days. Chat 5. Building A New Scout Troop
AND now, we are ready to consider that auspicious occasion: the starting of the Scout Troop. With an understanding of the principles of Scouting, the fundamental set-up and the program material, the f...
-The Troop Committee
To carry out this obligation adequately, the institution or group appoints a Troop Committee - from influential, active members of the sponsoring group, preferably fathers of prospective Scouts and me...
-The Troop's First Month. Series A. Meeting 1. Objects
1. To explain the scheme and scope of the Scout Organization. 2. To suggest indirectly the reasons for the group's entering Scouting. 3. To organize and begin the Tenderfoot instruction. 4. T...
-The Troop's First Month. Continued
After The Meeting After the meeting is over, have no disorder about the meeting place before the boys go home. The boys should understand that the Troop headquarters is made available as a Good Tur...
-The Troop's First Month. Series B. Meeting 1
7:30-Game-Nicknames-Form a circle, being seated. First boy gives his name, nickname, age and street address-Second boy gives the first boy's name, nickname, age and address, and then adds his own- T...
-Registration Of The Troop
As soon as a sufficient number of boys (at least eight above the age of twelve) have qualified as Tenderfoot Scouts, the Troop should be registered and a Troop Charter applied for. Seize the B...
-The Troop Installation
And then, finally, comes the moment when the group emerges as a full-fledged Scout Troop. The Charter is ready for a ceremonious presentation. Make this occasion as spectacular as possible. Ther...
-Chat 6. The Rise Of The Troop
THUS, after thorough pre-natal care, the child enters into the world. But it is not enough that the child is healthy at birth-it must be kept healthy, and furthermore, it must immediately start th...
-Chat 7. The New Scoutmaster In An Established Troop
IT is one thing to start a new Troop, and another, quite different, to take over an old, established Troop. Is it easier or more difficult? That depends on a number of different factors: Are you ne...
-Chat 8. Organization In Rural Areas
AS Scouting reaches out to influence the boys of rural districts, its organization procedure may be changed to fit the distinctive needs of the youth to be served. Boys Want To Be Scouts It is u...
-Organization In Rural Areas. Continued
Organizing The Tribe A Tribe is different from a Troop or Patrol in that its membership is first secured on an individual basis. Boys register as Lone Scouts, and after five or more have registered...
-Part III. Leadership. Chat 9. Troop Leadership
THE most outstanding factor in the building of a Troop is its leadership. While physical surroundings, types of boys served, types of cultural background and other outside forces may influence the Tro...
-Assistant Scoutmaster
It is important for the Scoutmaster to have one or more Assistants who can be of real help to him in running the Troop. The type of man picked for an Assistant therefore depends largely upon the Scout...
-Warrant Troop Leaders. Senior Patrol Leader
The office of Senior Patrol Leader is also an important one, for he is the link between the Patrols and the commissioned Scouters. He serves as a Troop leader, not attached to a Patrol, and should be ...
-Other Troop Officers. Troop Scribe
The office of Troop Scribe should be given to a boy who is proficient in Scouting and is capable of keeping the necessary Troop records under the supervision of the Scoutmaster or one of his Assistant...
-Chat 10. The Troop Committee
SUCCESSFUL TROOPS have good Troop Committees, and by good is meant Committees that commit. There are very definite things expected of the Troop Committeeman and he should be selected only if he is ...
-The Troop Committee. Continued
The Duties In A Nut Shell In a nut shell, the Troop Committee is expected to keep a good Scoutmaster at the head of the Troop and to maintain those conditions which are necessary for his success. ...
-Specific Suggestions For Troop Committee Service
The services which a Troop Committee may perform are most apt to occur in connection with the matters enumerated below. In connection with these various items, however, the Scoutmaster should give boy...
-Part IV. The Patrols In The Troop. Chat 11. The Patrol Method
The Patrol Method is not one method in which Scouting can be carried on. It is the only method! -Roland Phillips TAKE any thirty boys, turn them loose in a closed street, a playground, or in a...
-Chat 12. The Patrols And Their Leaders
THE important thing for the Scout Troop, then, is to get itself established along the lines of the Patrol Method and to proceed from here in making the Scout Program effective in the lives of the boys...
-Composition Of The Patrols
There is the possibility that the boys, before voting, should have suggested to them how Patrols may be composed for the greatest amount of efficiency and cooperation. As far as possible, it is des...
-How To Select Patrol Leaders
The question then arises: Should the Patrol Leader be elected by the Patrol or selected by the Scoutmaster? The answer is an emphatic-and apparently paradoxical-Yes! As a matter of fact, he should...
-Chat 13. The Troop Leaders' Council
THE heart of the Patrol Method and the foundation on which rests the future of the Troop is the Troop Leaders' Council-or Green Bar Council, as it is sometimes called, because the emblems of leaders...
-The Troop Leaders' Council As The Managing Body Of The Troop
In its capacity as the managing body of the Troop, the Troop Leaders' Council has three distinct functions in which it should be guided wisely by the Scoutmaster. (1) It plans the activities of the...
-The Troop Leaders' Council As The Training Ground For The Patrol Leaders
In the meetings and deliberations of the Troop Leaders' Council, the Patrol Leaders are initiated into and guided in the parts they are to play in connection with their Troop leadership. Simultaneous ...
-Intensive Training In The Green Bar Patrol. First Training Meeting
Theme: Patrol Spirit and Patrol Organization Preliminary Reading Assignments: For Scoutmaster and adult leaders: Handbook for Scoutmasters. Part IV (specifically Chat 13). For Patrol Leaders:...
-Intensive Training In The Green Bar Patrol. Part 2
Third Training Meeting Theme: Patrol Hikes Preliminary Reading Assignments: For Scoutmaster and adult leaders: Handbook for Scoutmasters, Chats 14 and 28. For Patrol Leaders: Handbook for ...
-Intensive Training In The Green Bar Patrol. Part 3
Fifth Training Meeting Theme: Patrol Features Preliminary Reading Assignments: For Scoutmasters and adult leaders: Handbook for Scoutmasters, Chats 14 and 20. For Patrol Leaders: Handbook ...
-Green Bar Training Camp
Needed Material As discussed and decided upon at Sixth Training Meeting. Program. First Day (a) Assembly: As soon as group has gathered, Quartermaster and Grubmaster and their helpers distrib...
-The Working Of The Patrol Method
Patrol Work Having received his training in Patrol leadersnip in the meetings and on the hikes of the Green Bar Patrol, the Patrol Leader sets out to build his Scouts into the best Patrol imaginabl...
-Program Of Patrol Outings
The program of these Patrol outings should include the activities of camping and Scoutcraft such as fire lighting, cooking, tracking, signaling, using knife and hatchet, exploring, mapping, judging, n...
-Patrol Cooperation And Competition
Each Patrol should want to be the best possible Patrol in the Troop, not alone for its own sake but also because the best possible Patrols make the best possible Troop. It may be said that the relatio...
-Part V. Boy In Scouting. Chat 15. His Entry
THE door of the Troop meeting room opens, and there on the threshold stands the boy-the reason for it all. He is twelve. He became twelve years of age just the other day. At last had come the momen...
-The Tenderfoot Requirements. Tenderfoot Requirement No. 1
Know the Scout Oath and Law, Motto, Sign, Salute, and significance of the Badge and Uniform Object To give to the boy an understanding of the ideals of Scouting. Interpretation The boy mus...
-Meeting The Tenderfoot Requirements
When the Patrol Leader is satisfied that the new boy has learned the subject of the Tenderfoot Requirements, he advises the Scoutmaster that the boy is ready-and the moment has come for your greatest ...
-Chat 16. His Attendance And Tenure
THE aim of Scouting, as we know, is character-building and citizenship training. But Rome was not built in one day. Neither is character. Nor is training for citizenship accomplished overnight. I...
-His Attendance And Tenure. Continued
Getting Parents' Cooperation Parents may need reminders too. Secure their cooperation at. a parents' meeting, and explain to them that their sons are expected to attend all gatherings of the Troop....
-Chat 17. His Growth
WITH all our talk about tenure, it must be realized that tenure itself means nothing. It is what happens to the boy during that tenure, what he is becoming, that counts. Tenure is the means to an end ...
-His Growth. Continued
Smoking And Intoxicating Liquors It would seem wise counsel to recommend to a man training youth in the way that they should go, that he go that way himself. The Scoutmaster who urges his Scouts...
-Part VI. Special Features. Chat 18. The Scout Uniform
THERE was an excited crowd near the curb. It pressed around an injured child lying with her head in her mother's lap. The mother begged for help, for a doctor, anyone. A call had been sent for an ambu...
-The Values Of The Scout Uniform. I. Values To The Boy
1. The Scout Uniform gives the boy a true sense of BELONGING. It submerges his self and makes him group conscious of his Patrol, his Troop, and the Boy Scout Movement. 2. It provides for true DEMOC...
-Uniform For Scouts
Hat-broad-brimmed, olive drab colored. Shirt-khaki colored, with Boy Scouts of America above the right pocket; official buttons. Shorts (or breeches)-khaki colored. Belt-khaki colored, web,...
-Uniform For Scouts. Continued
Which Shall It Be? By establishing the tradition that of course you appear in Uniform always, this Tradition will soon become the Troop's-Troop Three in Uniform!-and all the boys will want to fol...
-Chat 19. Financing The Troop
ATROOP, like any other going concern, must have money with which to conduct its activities. The sooner a Troop gets on a sound working basis financially, the longer it is likely to live and function. ...
-National Policies for Financing
In setting out to find a money earning project, it is necessary that the Troop and its Committee have a clear understanding of the policies of the Boy Scouts of America in these matters, as presented ...
-Money Earning Suggestions
1. Pancake Suppers, using pancakes, country sausage, coffee, syrup, cream, sugar. Flour mills or grocers are often willing to donate enough pancake flour, for advertising. Other things may be bought o...
-Chat 20. Other Features. 1. The Troop Meeting Room
THE securing of a suitable Troop Meeting Room is primarily the responsibility of the Troop Committee. If the Troop is organized in connection with a school, church or other institution having a buildi...
-2. Troop Record Keeping
What did we do last Columbus Day? How many Scouts were present at the Troop hike a month ago? The rosters of your Scouts, Sea Scouts, Explorer Scouts, or Rovers go to the Local Council Office a...
-3. Troop Bulletins And Papers
As the activities of the Troop increase, as it enlarges its numbers, as the Patrols become more and more effective, the Troop will find that it needs a means of reaching each boy without having to res...
-4. Patrol Recognition Plans
So many Scoutmasters have found continuous friendly competition between the Patrols valuable, that it might be considered an essential feature of a successful Troop. The only justification for the ...
-5. Troop Property
With the growth of the Troop the need for certain pieces of equipment-for Troop meetings, for hikes and for camps-will arise, and the Troop will set out to earn them, until it has finally accumulated ...
-6. Troop Mobilization
Every year Scouts, somewhere, have rendered excellent emergency service in time of disaster. The most efficient service can be done when the Scouts of the community can be mobilized quickly and with l...
-7. Scout Drill
A certain amount of drill is necessary for getting the Troop and Patrols into position for various activities and for moving the Troop with a semblance of order and smartness. For this Scouting doe...
-8. Story Telling
Tell us a story is consistently put to the Scoutmaster. Story telling contains both an opportunity and a challenge as well as a compliment. Here is the Scoutmaster's opportunity of getting close ...
-9. Singing
Boys like to sing! Singing in the Patrol or in the Troop makes them feel of and with the group. The right songs at the right time can tone them down if they are too exhuberant or pep them up if they a...
-Part VII. Relationships. Chat 21. Relationships With The Community
SCOUTING is not something by and for itself, but is a definite part of the life of the community. By playing its part and training its boys to play theirs, it contributes to our national welfare. I...
-Keeping The Interest Alive
When established, the interest must be sustained by devising things which the parents or the Parents' Auxiliary may do for or with the Troop. The Troop needs transportation to a rally or to camp, a...
-Scouting And The Churches
Another factor for the complete life of the boy- and a tremendously important one-is his church affiliation. This is fully recognized by the Scout Movement. It is given expression in the twelfth po...
-Troop CIVIC Service
Through planned Civic Service projects, the Scoutmaster has his greatest opportunity for inculcating in his Scouts an unselfish spirit of service to others. * Based on Civic Service Manual. Wilming...
-Aid From State And Nation
Armories may be used on public occasions; and sometimes camping material may be borrowed. The State Commissions on Conservation, Fish and Game, Forestry, and Agriculture should not be forgotten. Al...
-Chat 22. The Scout Group: Curbing, Scouting And Senior Scouting
Nothing succeeds like success, says the proverb. Scouting gives evidence that this is true. With the growth of our Movement, young voices were lifted: Give us something to do until we are old eno...
-The Long Span Program
Thus a plan is provided whereby any institution or community may adopt a program that will carry on with its boyhood from the age of nine until voting citizenship is attained-and then through its Scou...
-"Going-Up" Into Scouting
When the Cub becomes twelve years of age, he automatically ceases to be a Cub. It is natural and likely that he will go on into Scouting, but that going-up should not be taken casually. It is import...
-Sea Scouting
The first of the special Senior Scouting organizations to be considered here is Sea Scouting which may take the form either of a Sea Scout Patrol in the Troop or of a separate Sea Scout Ship. For comp...
-Part VIII. Growth Of The Scoutmaster. Chat 23. Scoutmastership Training
THE Scoutmaster grows with his boys. As they advance, you will advance. As they grow in leadership so will you. Not in the same manner by any means, but just as surely. And as you grow an urge will co...
-Part IX. History And Policies. Chat 24. History Highlights Of The Boy Scouts Of America
A leader in a movement of the size and scope of the Boy Scouts of America would be greatly handicapped in his work unless he were familiar with the main facts about its development and growth and the ...
-American Scout Oath And Law
In framing the American Scout Oath and Law an effort was made to reword the English originals into a form that could be readily grasped by boys and become a part of their daily thinking in work and pl...
-Constitution Of The Boy Scouts Of America
A committee was next appointed to draft a constitution to conform to the Federal Charter. The Constitution, drafted by William D. Murray, E. P. Bicknell, C. P. Neill, Paul Sleman and James E. West, wa...
-Divisional Organization
In 1926, upon the recommendation of the Chief Scout Executive, the Executive Board authorized a thorough study by outside specialists, of the National Organization and the methods of operation procedu...
-Chat 25. Policies
THE Constitution and By-Laws of the Boy Scouts of America, adopted February 26th, 1917, and amended subsequently, constitute the approved statement of the policies of the organization. From time to ti...
-Policies. Part 2
Athletics The policy of the Boy Scouts of America on the question of organized athletics is clearly defined. The Chief Scout Executive, writing to a Scoutmaster in June, 1917, says, in part: ...
-Policies. Part 3
Buildings For Scouts The policy of the Boy Scouts of America is opposed to the erection of buildings for Scout headquarters. To raise a considerable sum of money for the erection of Scout headquart...
-Policies. Part 4
Cooperation With National Movements The By-Laws of the Boy Scouts of America state: Article XVI, Section 2, Clause 2-Arrangements may be made by the ranking local authorities for Scouts to coope...
-Policies. Part 5
Labor Movement And The Boy Scouts Of America The American Federation of Labor, at the Annual Meeting held in Rochester, November, 1912, made an exhaustive report upon the Boy Scouts of America. The...
-Policies. Part 6
Local Council Approval Clause 4-All recommendations for commissions or certificates of membership for Troop Scouters under Local Council supervision are subject to the approval of the Local Council...
-Part X. Program Building. Chat 26. Planning A Balanced Program
The Troop stands or falls with the Scoutmaster's ability and willingness to provide for a boy-planned and boy-executed program. TWO business acquaintances met each other on the street one day. ...
-Planning A Balanced Program. Part 2
Who Should Plan The Program? Who should plan the program? Before we answer that question it may be more important to state who should not make it. It should not be made by adults. It should not be ...
-Planning A Balanced Program. Part 3
A Schedule Of Seasonal Activities Next, this general list of activities should be broken up into a monthly schedule of seasonal activities. (See charts on last pages of this Chat). You will find...
-Planning A Balanced Program. Part 4
Suggestions For June Seasonal Events, affecting Program Development: Father's Day Flag Day High Spot Council Camporee— Fathers' and Sons' Banquet Outdoo...
-Chat 27. Troop Meetings
SCOUTING is an outdoor movement, with activities designed mainly for the fields and the woods. Yet, because of the very set-up of our present-day life, some of the activities of a Scout Troop are nece...
-Suggested Skeleton Troop Meeting Program
Period Activity Before Meeting Service Patrol arranges room. Patrol meetings. Optional games. Personal conferences and reviews. Business (dues, lib...
-The Ingredients Of A Good Meeting Before The Meeting
Scouts should be encouraged to arrive well in advance of the meeting, so that all will be present for the formal opening. One Patrol, the Service Patrol, comes early to arrange the room and have rea...
-Dangers Of A Mass-Instruction Method
The argument may be advanced that instruction of the whole Troop as a unit saves time and enables one expert to get his stuff across. This argument would hold water if our aim were to have the ent...
-Patrol Period
We may as well face the fact from the outset. The Patrol Period at the Troop meeting is often a rather artificial fixture, incense offered in the name of the Patrol Method. The ever-present danger ...
-Patrol Period. Continued
Games And Contests. Contests Contests are usually planned by the Troop Leaders' Council and announced in advance in order to give each Patrol an opportunity to prepare itself at regular Patrol meet...
-Closing Ceremony
Make the closing ceremony itself, brief, dignified and impressive. Plan for it and time it in such a way that it ends the meeting as close to the appointed hour as possible. For this purpose it is val...
-Troop Leaders' Council
As soon as personal interviews have been disposed of, the Troop Leaders' Council gathers for its short weekly half-meeting to discuss the meeting just finished and check the plans for the coming week ...
-Troop Leaders' Council. Part 2
We See A Patrol In Operation Eddy, I see you have one man absent tonight. What is the matter? Sick, eh? Do you know he is sick? Oh, his mother called up—I see {Aside: Of course we try to get every...
-Troop Leaders' Council. Part 3
The Patrol Leaders Talk It Over Well, what did you think of the meeting, fellows? You didn't like the forester. What was the matter? Oh, he talked too much. That is the trouble with some of them? ...
-Part XI. Outdoor Activities. Chat 28. Hiking
Outing is three-fourths of SCOUTING. Out-door adventure is the feature which, more than any other, makes boys flock into our Movement. City boys welcome an opportunity to have contacts with nature; ...
-1. Planning The Hike
But, first, what is a hike? The Scouting definition for the word hike is: A walk with a purpose. The distance may be short or long, the trip may involve much or little actual tramping—but witho...
-1. Planning The Hike. Continued
Working Out The Schedule In working out the plans, an approximate hour-by-hour schedule should be developed. It should, for example, be decided whether a game is to be of one hour or two hour durat...
-The Ingredients Of A Successful Hike. Before The Hike
As far as the Patrols are concerned, the hike will begin as the boys meet at the Patrol dens or at special meeting places decided upon by the Patrols themselves, and set out for the mutual gathering p...
-The Ingredients Of A Successful Hike. Before The Hike. Continued
Footwear And Clothing Shoes should be of suitable size and shape to permit comfort in walking—sufficiently large to allow use of one pair of heavy socks, but close fitting enough to prevent slippin...
-Activities On The Out-Trip
As soon as the Scouts are well on the way and off the main highway the specially planned activities can start, depending upon the type of hike decided upon. As already mentioned, in the early part ...
-Activities On The Out-Trip. Continued
Other Suggestions For Games And Contests Other activities that adapt themselves to use on the out-trip are: 1. Explorers (Purpose: The Development of Observation). See Sample Hike No. 8 near end...
-Camp Fire And Ceremonies
If the hike is held in the late afternoon and evening, it may be concluded with a short camp fire, containing a program as suggested in Chat 30. This would provide an excellent occasion and an appr...
-Suggested Sample Troop Hikes. 1. Historical Hike
Preliminary: Start a Patrol quest to discover historical facts and features of your locality. Have the Patrols consult the library, their school teachers, and the Local Chamber of Commerce, if any. Re...
-Suggested Sample Troop Hikes. 1. Historical Hike. Part 2
9. Treasure Hunt Preliminary: The necessary preparations are evident from the execution. Remember, that the clues are most easily laid in the opposite order from that in which they are to be follow...
-Suggested Sample Troop Hikes. Part 3
19. Lost Child Hike Preliminary: Story: A Child is lost. A search has been going on all night. The only place that has not been scoured is a stretch of woodland, indicated on map sketch. Our hel...
-Chat 29. Short-Term Camping
THE next step is the short-term camp, the intermediate point between hiking and long-term camping. Importance Of Short-Term Camping The short-term camp is one of the cornerstones of Scouting. It...
-Training The Boys For Camping
Although the tents are available, do not attempt to take the whole Troop short-term camping before they have participated in several hikes definitely designed to give them a certain amount of training...
-1. Planning The Short-Term Camp
For the planning we shall apply again the simple formula: What? In considering the What? it will readily be found that planning the activities of the short-term camp is considerably simpler th...
-2. Investigating The Camp Site
If you are securing your camp site through the Local Council, no extensive investigation of it will be necessary. You will know that it is suitable and will be able to get all the desired information ...
-Ingredients Of A Short-Term Camp. Before The Troop Assembly
The Patrols will meet in their own respective headquarters for packing. Here Patrol equipment and food is distributed and the Patrol Leader checks to see that each boy has brought what is required of ...
-After The Short-Term Camp
At the meeting of the Troop Leaders' Council following the short-term camp, it should be discussed in detail. Not from a sentimental but from a practical point of view. The discussion should evolve...
-Chat 30. Long-Term Camping
WE have talked of Scouting's indoor activities, of hikes, and short-term camps. Valuable as those are in themselves, their greatest value is the training which they provide for the boys' greatest adve...
-Long-Term Camping. Continued
Here are handmade, homemade, Scout-made, modified Baker tents, set up for a Patrol Camp. They cost little and were not hard to make. But before we discuss in detail the planning for and condu...
-Making Definite Plans
Breaking down the different items for easy consideration, we find that they again fall under the simple formula, only rearranged a bit: Where? As already mentioned, Local Council property suitab...
-Menu Planning And Feeding The Troop
The job of the Assistant Scoutmaster in charge of commissary is an exceedingly important one. Good food is essential if the camp experience is to be a success. But like a lot of other important jobs t...
-Cooking In Camp
It is, of course, important that the camp menu be planned taking into consideration that the meals are to be prepared away from the conveniences of a modern kitchen and by boys of varying cooking expe...
-Troop Cooking
This Troop Chart shows how to divide work among the Patrols. Every one does something; every one varies his work constantly. Developing The Menus In developing the menus it should be kept ...
-National Jamboree Menus
The following menus, developed for the National Jamboree, are included here as an ideal towards which to work. They present a balanced menu from the standpoint of boy needs and satisfaction, as well a...
-Cooking Procedure
The Troop Leaders' Council decides whether the Troop shall cook by Patrols or whether one Patrol at a time is to cook for the whole Troop. Of all features connected with Troop camping, this may cre...
-Sample Menus For 8 Days, For 10 Campers. Menu No. 1. Morning
(1) Stewed Apricots (24) Prepared Cereal (4) Bacon and Eggs Bread and Jam (19) Cocoa Noon (14) Pork and Beans (68) Tomato Sauce Bread and Butter (31) Cole Slaw Cake Milk Evening ...
-Sample Menus For 8 Days, For 10 Campers. Menu No. 1. Morning. Continued
Noon (34) Scrambled Eggs (59) Baked Potatoes (28) Onion and Cucumber Salad (6) Biscuits and Butter Jam Milk Evening (13) Pot Roast (55) Brown Potatoes (62) Creamed Carrots Bread and Butter...
-Recipes
The numbers shown on the menu in front of any item, refer to the recipe to be used. (1) Apricots Wash 1.2 lbs. apricots and cover with water and soak overnight. They will swell some, so give the...
-Recipes. Part 2
(11) Beef Meat Loaf (10 Campers) 3 lbs. lean beef ground x/z lb. bacon diced 1 cup flour 2% cups milk Vz chopped onion 1 1/2 cups fine dry bread crumbs 3 tsp. salt 1/3 teaspoon pepper Fry bac...
-Recipes. Part 3
(20) Chicken Fried Chicken—For reasonably small groups, fried chicken is probably the easiest method of cooking chicken. Clean the entrails from the chicken, saving the liver, heart and gizzard, th...
-Recipes. Part 4
Who does not love flapjacks? The flipping may not be according to Hoyle, but what fun he'll have—if he catches it? (35) Egg Float 2 qts. milk 1 1/2 cups sugar 8 eggs 1/2 tsp. salt 2 tsp...
-Recipes. Part 5
(52) Peaches—Dried—Peeled Handle in the same manner as prunes in Recipe 51. (53) Peaches—Canned—Baked Drain halves of large canned peaches from the syrup, place in a bake pan, pit side up, po...
-Promoting The Camp
The first announcements of the forthcoming Troop Camp should be made as soon as dates, etc., have been decided. And from that day on hardly a Troop meeting or a hike should pass without further announ...
-Factors Which Contribute To Camp Health. Health Through Knowledge. Physical Examination And Medical Care
Every Scout and leader should be given a complete physical examination before coming to camp, based upon the Health History Form No. 952. Parents of sleep walkers should advise the Scoutmaster so t...
-Physical Examination And Medical Care. Continued
Elimination Educate Scouts about the need for bowel movement at least once daily. Provide one toilet seat and one urinal for every fifteen boys at a place convenient to their quarters. Toilets s...
-Rotation Of Responsibilities For Special Patrol Duties
Date Service Patrol Program Patrol July 30th Woapalanne Popokus July 31st Amochk Len...
-Suggested Daily Schedule For Troop Camping
7:30 a.m. Get up. Wash. Cooks prepare breakfast. (Cooks get up one-half hour or hour earlier.) Others straighten up around camp, clean tents, hang blankets up for airing. ...
-Suggested Daily Schedule For Troop Camping. Continued
Afternoon The afternoon should be the high point of the day as far as special activities are concerned, and it should be planned accordingly. It may be spent on a hike away from camp, at which s...
-Camp Fire
The time for the camp fire has come. It is lighted prior to the gathering of the boys (unless a special fire lighting opening ceremony is scheduled), and as its flames start to leap up, the Patrols ar...
-Special Camp Fires
Special camp fires may be announced and prepared for, depending upon the leader's imagination. 1. First Camp Fire—Ashes from the previous year's last camp fire have been kept and are used in a cere...
-Part XII. Activities Features. Chat 31. Games, Contests And Ceremonies. 1. Games And Contests
IT is impossible to even suggest which games may meet with success in a given Troop. Like cake recipes, the same game ingredients will give different results with different cooks. Games popular with...
-First Aid Games. Tourniquet Relay
Object—First Aid Training Teams—Patrols Type—Lively Space—Medium, 1-0 Material—Each Scout using his own neckerchief. Parallel file formation. One boy from each Patrol lying about 30 feet ...
-Tracking And Observation Games. The Lost Patrol Leaders
Object—Tracking Training Teams—Patrols Type—Quiet Space—Large, O Material—Letter with instruction per Patrol. In camp or at hike destination, Scoutmaster instructs Patrol Leaders to proceed t...
-Nature Games. What Is It?
Object—Nature Training Teams—Patrols Type—Quiet Space—Small, 1-0 Material—As needed, also paper and pencils. The Troop's nature expert collects specimens of things every boy should know, such...
-Recreational Games. For Whole Troop. Jump the Shot (Jump the Stick)
Object—Attention, Agility Teams—Whole Troop Type—Lively Space—Medium, 1-0 Material—Long rope with soft weight (sandbag) in end. Troop circle formation, with one boy in center who swings r...
-Half Troop Teams. Take The Mat
Object—Physical Action Teams—Half Troop Type—Vigorous Space—Medium, 1-0 Material—Mat or chalk Two opposing teams line up equally distant from a mat or space chalked off on the ground ...
-Patrol Representatives. Duel Contests
Object—Physical action Teams—Patrol Type—Quiet representatives Space—Small, 1-0 Material—None, or as needed. To be most effective, duel contests should be preceded by more or less formal ...
-Patrol Representatives. Duel Contests. Continued
Sample Of Treasure Type The Mayan Treasure: A sealed envelope is given to each Patrol Leader. On the outside is written: To be opened at (time) o'clock at (start position) and read before your Pat...
-2. Ceremonies
There is an ever-increasing recognition of the important function of ceremonies in Scouting, not only in building an emotional and dramatic background for special events and achievements, but in activ...
-Advancement Investiture Ceremonies
For numerous suggestions in addition to those listed below, see the Service Library Pamphlet Investiture Ceremonies. Second Class Investiture It is recommended that only Troop Court of Honor mem...
-Advancement Investiture Ceremonies. Continued
Installation Ceremonies A general ceremony for the installation of junior or senior leaders in the Troop may be run along the following lines: 1. The Troop is formed in a circle or a semi-circle...
-Chat 32. Other Activities
THROUGHOUT this Handbook for Scoutmasters we have been talking mostly in terms of activities to be used by the Scoutmaster in his own Troop or Tribe or Neighborhood Patrol. But there are many other Sc...
-Part XIII. Scoutcraft Achievements. Chat 33. The Advancement Program
IN the pioneer days of our country, a scout was a man who went ahead of an advancing party to explore the country, to prepare the way for others. Today a Scout is a boy who goes ahead, mastering ne...
-The Advancement Program. Continued
The Merit Badges In preparation for his Second Class and First Class Requirements, the boy traversed the trails and fields, ready to help in an emergency, but for the most part, busy about the affa...
-Chat 34. Second Class And First Class Advancement
AS already mentioned, Scout Advancement involves the following four processes: 1. Preparation—The Learning and Doing Process. 2. Examination—Meeting the Requirements. 3. Review—Maintaining St...
-How To Coach The Boy
The following methods may be used for coaching the boy: Books—The Handbook for Boys will provide him with an incentive, and will give him many technical hints. Discussion—Questions and answers...
-Chat 35. Second Class Requirements
IN the two preceding Chats the principles of the Scout Advancement Program have been discussed together with specific suggestions for the promotion and administration of Second Class and First Class A...
-Second Class Requirements. Part 2
Second Class Requirement No. 2 First Aid.—(a) Show what to do, including proper dressing and binder where necessary, for (1) cut on finger; (2) knee deeply scraped and bleeding; (3) cut on forearm;...
-Second Class Requirements. Part 3
Preparation On a hike, demonstrate the making of the Trail Marks. Have each Patrol lay a trail for another Patrol to follow. Start a Troop hike with a trail laid in advance, sending Patrols off wit...
-Second Class Requirements. Part 4
The Scout knife and axe are useful tools when properly used. Maine lumbermen can make almost anything with these tools. Examination Have the boy find appropriate wood and produce a fuzz-st...
-Chat 36. First Class Requirements
ALL of the statements made in the introductory paragraphs of Chat 35 apply equally to the following discussion of First Class Requirements. Here again you should remember that these are suggestions on...
-First Class Requirements. Part 2
Preparation See Second Class Requirement No. 1. Examination The date on which the length-of-service requirement has been fulfilled will be evident from the Troop Roster and attendance record....
-First Class Requirements. Part 3
First Class Requirement No. 7 Prepare and cook satisfactorily in the open, using camp cooking utensils, at least one of each of the following three classes of food, as may be directed: (1) Eggs and...
-First Class Requirements. Part 4
First Class Requirement No. 10 Judge distance, size, number, height and weight within twenty-five percent. Object To teach the boy accuracy and the value of trained judgment as compared to wi...
-Chat 37. The Merit Radge Program—Star, Life, And Eagle Ranks
THE Merit Badge Program is a valuable and integral part of Scouting. It is the continuation of the boy's forward striving; it is a means of keeping his interest alive and thus of holding him and conti...
-The Merit Radge Program—Star, Life, And Eagle Ranks. Continued
Preparation Whenever a Scout shows his first interest in Merit Badges the Scoutmaster will do well to confer with him and guide him in his selections. Your more mature judgment and your knowledge o...
-Chat 38. Other Achievements. Gold Honor Medal
THE highest award that the Boy Scouts of America bestows is the Gold Honor Medal of the National Court of Honor, presented to Scouts who save some one's life at the risk of their own. There is no more...
-Other Achievements. Gold Honor Medal. Continued
Dr. William T. Hornaday, whose long life hes been spent in fighting for conservation, gives this medal for outstanding service. Other Awards Scouts who are interested in journalism may be ...
-Part XIV. Senior Scouting Activities. Chat 39. Senior Scouting
AND as you continue your work as a Scoutmaster, a the day will come when first one, then another of your Scouts reaches fifteen years of age. With his age and increased capacity for responsibility, th...
-Chat 40. The Explorer Patrol In The Troop
In the Explorer Patrol the older Scouts of the Troop carry on a program of their own, in addition to their service to the Troop as Troop Leaders and Troop members. Starting An Explorer Patrol Su...
-The Explorer Patrol In The Troop. Continued
Social Activities Young men enjoy social activities with the opposite sex. If they cannot find expression for this urge in their Scout activities they will seek it elsewhere. Some older Scouts lose...
-Chat 41. Sea Scouting And The Troop
REFERENCE was made in Chat 22 to the plan of organization and promotion of Sea Scouting. To succeed, a Sea Scout Patrol or Ship needs the leadership of a man familiar with Scouting and willing to stud...
-Chat 42. Other Senior Scouting Activities. Scout Alumni For The Troop
MANY Troops have organized an Alumni or Old Scouts Association to help keep track of former members. This association need not meet often nor carry on any great responsibilities—but the members should...
-Part XV. Emergency Service Air Scouting. Chat 43. Emergency Service Training
OF the activities available for Scouts, possibly the most far-reaching, and certainly the one making most extensive use of previous training, is the development of the Emergency Service Corps Patrol a...
-Emergency Service Training. Continued
The Emergency Service Corps For its effectiveness, the Emergency Service Training Plan depends upon older boys—those who have had considerable experience as Scouts. To develop an Emergency Servi...
-Chat 44. Air Scouting
TODAY's world is an air world. Thousands of Scouts are deeply interested in aviation. At Council Circuses, Scouts have shown their skill in making and flying model airplanes. From time to time, air m...
-Bibliography
A list of books for supplementary reading, containing additional suggestions or inspiration for your work with the boys in the Troop. Some of these books, covering a wide range of subjects, have been ...
-Relationships. The American Way
The Making of American Civilization, C. A. Beard and M. R. Beard (Macmillan Co.)—For a realistic knowledge of the society in which we live through tracing the building of the United States. The Pat...
-Camping. Camping Technique
Camping and Woodcraft, Horace Kephart (Macmillan Co.)—The standard work on camping. Modern Camping Guide, George W. Martin (Appleton-Century Co.)—A thoroughly practical guide to camping, whether yo...
-Camp Activities. General Camp Activities
The Birch Bark Roll of Woodcraft, Ernest Thompson Seton (A. S. Barnes & Co.)—Games, dances, songs and handicraft for camp. Buckskin Book for Buckskin Boys and Men, Daniel Carter Beard (J. B. Lippin...
-Scoutcraft. The Flag
The Flag of the United States, Harrison S. Kerrick (American Legion)—An authoritative book on the history of and forms of respect due The Flag. Stars and Stripes, M. Garrison (Caxton Printers)—An h...









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