Adams, a township of Berkshire county, Mass., on both sides of the Hoosac river; pop. in 1870, 12,090. There are four villages in the town: North Adams, South Adams, Maple Grove, and Blackington. In its vicinity are a notable natural bridge across Hudson's brook, and Saddle mountain or Mt. Grey lock, which has an elevation of 3,600 feet, and is the highest point in Massachusetts. The western terminus of the Hoosac tunnel is at North Adams, and the Troy and Boston and Pitts-field and North Adams railroads terminate here. Manufactures form the leading interest. In 1865 there were in the town 11 cotton mills, with 45,072 spindles, employing 332 males and 429 females; 6 woollen mills, with 44 sets of machinery, employing 440 males and 392 females; 2 print works, printing 8,925,-000 yards of calico yearly, and employing 150 males and 21 females; 4 balmoral-skirt factories, and 2 paper mills. Two weekly newspapers and a semi-monthly are published in North Adams. The experiment of Chinese labor has recently been successfully made in North Adams. In 1870 there were 75 Chinamen employed in that village in the manufacture of boots and shoes. By the contract made in San Francisco, the Chinamen were engaged for three years.
They are represented as being of quiet habits, industrious, skilful, and eager to learn in the evening schools provided for them. The town contains 35 schools, of which two are high schools.