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Henley's Twentieth Century Formulas Recipes Processes Vol1



Volume 1 of the book is containing ten thousand selected household and workshop formulas, recipes, processes and money-saving methods for the practical use of manufacturers, mechanics, housekeepers and home workers.

TitleHenley's Twentieth Century Formulas, Recipes And Processes
AuthorNorman W. Henley
PublisherThe Norman W. Henley Publishing Company
Year1916
Copyright1916, The Norman W. Henley Publishing Company

HENLEY'S TWENTIETH CENTURY

BOOK OF

RECIPES, FORMULAS AND PROCESSES

HENLEY'S TWENTIETH CENTURY

FORMULAS, RECIPES AND PROCESSES

CONTAINING TEN THOUSAND SELECTED HOUSEHOLD AND WORKSHOP FORMULAS, RECIPES, PROCESSES AND MONEY-SAVING METHODS FOR THE PRACTICAL USE OF MANUFACTURERS, MECHANICS, HOUSEKEEPERS AND HOME WORKERS

EDITED BY

GARDNER D. H1SCOX, M.E.

AUTHOR OF "MECHANICAL MOVEMENTS, POWERS AND DEVICES,"

"COMPRESSED AIR," "GAS, GASOLINE AND

OIL ENGINES," ETC., ETC.

NEW YORK

THE NORMAN W. HENLEY PUBLISHING COMPANY

2 WEST 45th STREET 1921

Copyright, 1916, 1914 and 1913, by THE NORMAN W. HENLEY PUBLISHING COMPANY

Copyright, 1912 and 1907, by

THE NORMAN W. HENLEY PUBLISHING COMPANY

Also, Entered at Stationers' Hall Court, London, England

All rights reserved

PRESS OF

PUBLISHERS PRINTING COMPANY

NEW YORK

-Preface
In compiling this book of formulas, recipes and processes, the Editor has endeavored to meet the practical requirements of the home and workshop the mechanic, ...
-Partial List of Authorities Consulted
Apothecary, The. Berliner Drog. Zeitung. Brass World. British Journal of Photography. Chemical News. Chemiker Zeitung Repertorium. Chemisch Technische ...
-Acid-Proofing
An Acid-Proof Table Top 1. Copper sulphate...... 1 part Potassium chlorate.... 1 part Water............... 8 parts Boil until salts are dissolved. 2. Aniline ...
-To Make Wood Acid- and Chlorine Proof
Take 6 pounds of wood tar and 12 pounds rosin, and melt them together in an iron kettle, after which stir in 8 pounds finely powdered brick dust. The damaged ...
-Adhesives: GLUES
Manufacture of Glue I The usual process of removing the phosphate of lime from bones for glue-making purposes by means of dilute hydrochloric acid has the ...
-Liquid Glues
I Glue............. 3 ounces Gelatin........... 3 ounces Acetic acid........ 4 ounces Water............ 2 ounces Alum............. 30 grains Heat together for ...
-Liquid Glues. Part 2
V Soak 1 pound of good glue in a quart of water for a few hours, then melt the glue by heating it, together with the unabsorbed water, then stir in 0.25 pound ...
-Liquid Glues. Part 3
XI Dilute 1 part of official phosphoric acid with 2 parts of water and neutralize the solution with carbonate of ammonium. Add to the liquid an equal quantity ...
-Liquid Glues. Part 4
XVI Soak 5 parts of Cologne glue in an aqueous calcium chloride solution (1 :4) and heat on the water bath until dissolved, replacing the evaporating water; or ...
-Glue for Celluloid.
I Two parts shellac, 3 parts spirits of camphor, and 4 parts strong alcohol dissolved in a warm place, give an excellent gluing agent to fix wood, tin, and ...
-Glue to Form Paper Pads
I Glue............ 3.5 ounces Glycerine........ 8 ounces Water, a sufficient quantity. Pour upon the glue more than enough water to cover it and let stand for ...
-Glue for Tablets
I Glue............. 3.5 ounces Glycerine......... 8 ounces Water, a sufficient quantity. Pour upon the glue more than enough water to cover it and let stand ...
-Marine Glue
Marine glue is a product consisting of shellac and caoutchouc, which is mixed differently according to the use for which it is required. The quantity of benzol ...
-Water-Proof Glues
I The glue is put in water till it is soft, and subsequently melted in linseed oil at moderate heat. This glue is affected neither by water nor by vapors. II ...
-Glue To Fasten Linoleum On Iron Stairs.
I Use a mixture of glue, isinglass, and dextrin which, dissolved in water and heated, is given an admixture of turpentine. The strips pasted down must be ...
-Glue For Paper And Metal
A glue which will keep well and adhere tightly is obtained by diluting 1,000 parts by weight of potato starch in 1,200 parts by weight of water and adding 50 ...
-For Wood, Glass, Cardboard, and all Articles of a Metallic or Mineral Character
Take boiled linseed oil 20 parts, Flemish glue £0 parts, hydrated lime 15 parts, powdered turpentine 5 parts, alum 5 parts acetic acid 5 parts. Dissolve the ...
-Glue or Paste for Making Paper Boxes
Chloral hydrate...... 5 parts Gelatin, white....... 8 parts Gum arabic......... 2 parts Boiling water........ 30 parts Mix the chloral, gelatin, and gum arabic ...
-Chromium Glue For Wood, Paper, And Cloth
I (a) One-half pound strong glue (any glue if color is immaterial, white fish glue otherwise); soak 12 hours in 12 fluidounces of cold water. (b) One-quarter ...
-Cements
Under this heading will be found only cements for causing one substance to adhere to another. Cements used primarily as fillers, such as dental cements, will ...
-Cements for Stone
I An excellent cement for broken marble consists of 4 parts of gypsum and 1 part of finely powdered gum arabic. Mix intimately. Then with a cold solution of ...
-Cement For Sandstones
One part sulphur and 1 part rosin are melted separately; the melted masses are mixed and 3 parts litharge and 2 parts ground glass stirred in. The latter ...
-To Fasten Brass upon Glass
Boil to gether 1 part of caustic soda, 3 parts of. rosin, 3 parts of gypsum, and 5 parts of water. The cement made in this way hardens in about half an hour, ...
-Celluloid Cements
I To mend broken draughting triangles and other celluloid articles, use 3 parts alcohol and 4 parts ether mixed together and applied to the fracture with a ...
-Cementing Celluloid And Hard-Rubber Articles.
I Celluloid articles can be mended by making a mixture composed of 3 parts of alcohol and 4 parts of ether. This mixture should be kept in a well-corked bottle, ...
-Sign-Letter Cements
I Copal varnish...... 15 parts Drying oil......... 5 parts Turpentine (spirits). 3 parts Oil of turpentine. ... 2 parts Liquefied glue...... 5 parts Melt all ...
-To Fix Gold Letters, Etc., Upon Glass.
I The glass must be entirely clean and polished, and the medium is prepared in the following manner: One ounce fish glue or isinglass is dissolved in water so ...
-Attaching Enamel Letters To Glass.
To affix enamel letters to glass, first clean the surface of the glass perfectly, leaving no grease or sticky substance of any kind adhering to the surface.
-Water - Glass Cements
I. Water glass (sodium of potassium silicate), which is frequently recommended for cementing glass, does not, as is often asserted, form a vitreous connection ...
-Jewelers' Cements
Jewelers and goldsmiths require, for the cementing of genuine and colored gems, as well as for the placing of colored folio under certain stones, very adhesive ...
-Armenian Cement.
The celebrated Armenian cement, so called formerly used by Turkish and Oriental jewelers generally, for setting precious stones, facing diamonds, rubies, etc., ...
-Cement for Enameled Dials
The following is a good cement for enameled dials, plates, or other pieces: Grind into a fine powder 2.5 parts of dammar rosin and 2.5 parts of copal, using ...
-Watch-Lid Cement.
The hardest cement for fixing on watch lids is shellac. If the lids are exceedingly thin the engraving will always press through. Before cementing it on the ...
-Casein Cements
I Borax.............. 5 parts Water.............. 95 parts Casein, sufficient quantity. Dissolve the borax in water and incorporate enough casein to produce a ...
-Pasteboard And Paper Cement
I Let pure glue swell in cold water; pour and press off the excess; put on the water bath and melt. Paper or other material cemented with this is then ...
-Waterproof Cements For Glass, Stoneware, And Metal
I Make a paste of sulphur, sal ammoniac, iron filings, and boiled oil. II Mix together dry : Whiting, 6 pounds; plaster of Paris, 3 pounds; sand, 3 pounds; ...
-Leather And Rubber Cements
I Use a melted mixture of gutta percha and genuine asphalt, applied hot. The hard-rubber goods must be kept pressed together until the cement has cooled. II A ...
-Cement for Metal on Hard Rubber
I Soak good Cologne glue and boil down so as to give it the consistency of joiners' glue, and add with constant stirring, enough sifted wood ashes until a ...
-Cement For Patching Rubber Boots And Shoes
I India rubber, finely chopped......... 100 parts Rosin............. 15 parts Shellac............ 10 parts Carbon disulphide, q. s. to dissolve. This will not ...
-Tire Cements
I India rubber..... 15 grams Chloroform...... 2 ounces Mastic.......... 0.5 ounce Mix the india rubber and chloroform together, and when dissolved, the mastic ...
-Cements For Leather
I Gutta percha...... 20 parts Syrian asphalt, powdered ............ 20 parts Carbon disulphide.. 50 parts Oil of turpentine. .. 10 parts The gutta percha, ...
-Rubber Cement For Cloth
The following formulas have been recommended: I Caoutchouc, 5 parts; chloroform, 3 parts. Dissolve and add gum mastic (powder) 1 part. II Gutta percha, 16 ...
-Cements For Metals And For Attaching Various Substances To Metals
Cements for Iron I To make a good cement for iron on iron, make a thick paste, with water, of powdered iron, 60 parts; sal ammoniac, 2 parts, and sulphur ...
-Cement For Metal, Glass, And Porcelain
A soft alloy is prepared by mixing from 30 to 36 parts of copper precipitated in the form of a fine brown powder, with sulphuric acid of a specific gravity of ...
-Cements for Fastening Porcelain to Metal
I Mix equal parts of alcohol (95 per cent) and water, and make a paste by incorporating the liquid with 300 parts of finely pulverized chalk and 250 parts of ...
-Amber Cements
I To solder together two pieces of yellow amber, slightly heat the parts to be united and moisten them with a solution of caustic soda; then bring the two ...
-Acid-Proof Cements for Stoneware and Glass
I Mix with the aid of heat equal weights of pitch, rosin, and plaster of Paris. II Mix silicate of soda to a paste with ground glass. III Mix boiled oil to a ...
-Acid-Proof Cement For Wood, Metals, Etc.
I Powdered asbestos... 2 parts Ground baryta...... 1 part Sodium water-glass solution ............ 2 parts Mix. II To withstand hot nitric acid the following ...
-Directions For Repairing Broken Glass, Porcelain, Bric-À-Brac
Broken glass, china, bric-a-brac, and picture frames, not to name casts, require each a different cement in fact, several different cements. Glass may be ...
-General Formulas For Cements For Repairing Porcelain, Glassware, Crockery, Plaster, And Meerschaum
I An excellent cement for joining broken crockery and similar small articles can be made by melting 4 or 5 parts of rosin (or, better still, gum mastic) with 1 ...
-IV. Cement For Glass, Porcelain, Etc.
Isinglass (fish glue) . . 50 parts Gum ammoniac..... 4 parts Gum mastic......... 2 parts Alcohol, 95 per cent. . 10 parts Water, q. s. Soak the isinglass in ...
-V. Liquid Porcelain Cement
Fish glue, 20 parts; glass acetic acid, 20 parts; heat together until the mass gelatinizes on cooling. VI Take 1 ounce of Russian isinglass, cut in small ...
-Diamond Glass and other Cements
X Diamond Glass Cement. Dissolve 100 parts of fish glue in 150 parts of 90 per cent alcohol and add, with constant stirring, 200 parts of powdered rosin. This ...
-To Mend Wedgwood Mortars
XVII To Mend Wedgwood Mortars. It is easy enough to mend mortars so that they may be used for making emulsions and other light work which does not tax their ...
-Meerschaum Cements
I If the material is genuine (natural) meerschaum a lasting joint can be made between the parts by proceeding as follows: Clean a clove or two of garlic (the ...
-Asbestos Cement
Ground asbestos may be made into a cement which will stand a high degree of heat by simply mixing it with a solution of sodium silicate. By subsequent ...
-Parisian Cement
Mix 1 part of finely ground glass powder, obtained by levigation, with 3 parts of finely powdered zinc oxide rendered perfectly free from carbonic acid by ...
-A Cheap And Excellent Cement
A cheap and excellent cement, insoluble after drying in water, petroleum, oils, carbon disulphide, etc., very hard when dry and of very considerable tensile ...
-Universal Cement
Take gum arabic, 100 parts, by weight; starch, 75 parts, by weight; white sugar, 21 parts, by weight; camphor, 4 parts, by weight. Dissolve the gum arabic in a ...
-Aquarium Cements
I Litharge.......... 3 ounces Fine white sand ... 3 ounces Plaster of Paris.... 3 ounces Rosin, in fine powder............. 1 ounce Linseed oil, enough. Drier, ...
-Substitute For Cement On Grinder Disks
A good substitute in place of glue or various kinds of cement for fastening emery cloth to the disks of grinders of the Gardner type is to heat or warm the ...
-Cement For General Use
Take gum arabic, 100 parts, by weight; starch, 75 parts by weight; white sugar, 21 parts, by weight; camphor, 4 parts, by weight. Dissolve the gum arable in a ...
-Syndeticon
I Slake 100 parts of burnt lime with 50 parts of water, pour off the supernatant water; next, dissolve 60 parts of lump sugar in 160 parts of water, add to the ...
-Lutes
Lutes always consist of a menstruum and dissolved or suspended solids, and they must not be attacked by the gases and liquids coming in contact with them. In ...
-Lutes. Part 2
I. Plaster of Paris is, of course, often used alone as a paste, which quickly solidifies, for gas and wood distillation retorts, etc., and similar places where ...
-Lutes: V. Asphalt And Pitch.
These substances are used in lutes somewhat interchangeably. As a rule, pitch makes the stronger lutes. Tar is sometimes used, but, because of the light oils ...
-Lutes: VI. Rosin, Shellac, and Wax
A strong cement, used as a stone cement, is: 1. Rosin.............. 8 parts Wax............... 1 part Turpentine.......... 1 part It has little or no body, and ...
-Lutes VIII. Linseed Oil
This is one of the most generally useful substances we have for luting purposes, if absorbed by a porous substance that is inert. Formulas: 1. China clay of ...
-Lutes IX. Casein, Albumen, and Glue
These, if properly made, become very tough and tenacious; they stand moderate heat and oil vapors, but not acid vapors. 1. Finely powdered casein...............
-Lutes X. Silicate of Oxychloride Cements
For oil vapors, standing the highest heat: 1. A stiff paste of silicate of soda and asbestos. Gaskets for superheated steam, retorts, furnaces, etc.: 2.
-Lutes XI. Flour and Starch Compositions
1. The well-known flaxseed poultice sets very tough, but does not stand water or condensed steam. 2. Flour and molasses, made by making a stiff composition of ...
-Lutes XII. Miscellaneous
1. Litharge. Glycerine. 2 Mixed to form a stiff paste, sets and becomes very hard and strong, and is very useful for inserting glass tubes, etc., in iron or ...
-Pastes: Dextrine Pastes
I Borax, powdered.. . . 60 parts Dextrine, light yellow. 480 parts Glucose........... 50 parts Water............. 420 parts By the aid of heat, dissolve the ...
-Fastening Cork to Metal
In fastening cork to iron and brass, even when these are lacquered, a good sealing wax containing shellac will be found to serve the purpose nicely. Wax ...
-Paste for Fastening Leather, Oilcloth, or Similar Stuff to Table or Desk Tops, etc
Use the same paste for leather as for oilcloth or other goods, but moisten the leather before applying the paste. Prepare the paste as follows: Mix 2.25 pounds ...
-To Fix Paper upon Polished Metal
Dissolve 400 parts, by weight, of dextrine in 600 parts, by weight, of water; add to this 10 parts, by weight, of glucose, and heat almost to boiling. Albumen ...
-Paste That Will Not Mold
Mix good white flour with cold water into a thick paste. Be sure to stir out all the lumps; then add boiling water, stirring all the time until thoroughly ...
-Strongly Adhesive Paste
Four parts glue are soaked a few hours in 15 parts cold water, and moderately heated till the solution becomes perfectly clear, when 65 parts boiling water are ...
-Waterproof and Acidproof Pastes
I Chromic acid....... 2.5 parts Stronger ammonia... 15 parts Sulphuric acid...... 0.5 part Cuprammonium solution ........... 30 parts Fine white paper.... 4 ...
-Balkan Paste
Pale glue........... 4 ounces White loaf sugar. ... 2 ounces Powdered starch.... 1 ounce White dextrine...... 0.25 pound Pure glycerine...... 3 ounces Carbolic ...
-Preservatives for Paste
Various antiseptics are employed for the preservation of flour paste, mucilage, etc. Boric and salicylic acids, oil of cloves, oil of sassafras, and solution ...
-Pastes For Paperhangers
I Use a cheap grade of rye or wheat flour, mix thoroughly with cold water to about the consistency of dough, or a little thinner, being careful to remove all ...
-Pastes to Affix Labels to Tin
Labels separate from tin because the paste becomes too dry. Some moisture is presumably always present; but more is required to cause continued adhesion in the ...
-Pastes to Affix Labels to Tin. Part 2
VII Gum arabic, 50 parts; glycerine, 10 parts; water, 30 parts; liq. Stibii chlorat., 2 parts. VIII Boil rye flour and strong glue water into a mass to which ...
-How to Paste Labels on Tin
Brush over the entire back of the label with a flour paste, fold the label loosely by sticking both ends together without creasing the center, and throw to one ...
-(See also Photography)
Owing to the nature of the different papers used for printing photographs, it is a matter of extreme importance to use a mountant that shall not set up ...
-Photographic Mountants. Part 2
A very strong, stiff paste for fastening cardboard mounts to frames, wood, and other materials is prepared by making a bowl of starch paste in the usual way, ...
-Mucilage For Affixing Labels to Glass and Other Objects
I The mucilage is made by simply pouring over the gum enough water to a little more than cover it, and then, as the gum swells, adding more water from time to ...
-Mucilage of Acacia
Put the gum, which should be of the best kind, in a flask the size of which should be large enough to contain the mucilage with about one-fifth of its space to ...
-Commercial Mucilage
Dissolve 0.5 pound white glue in equal parts water and strong vinegar, and add 0.25 as much alcohol and 0.5 ounce alum dissolved in a little water. To proceed, ...
-Envelope Gum
The gum used by the United States Government on postage stamps is probably one of the best that could be used not only for envelopes but for labels as well. It ...
-Preservation of Gum Solution
Put a small piece of camphor in the mucilage bottle. Camphor vapors are generated which kill all the bacterial germs that have entered the bottle. The gum ...
-Alcohol, Tests for Absolute
The committee for the compilation of the German Arzneibuch established the following tests for the determination of absolute alcohol: Absolute alcohol is a ...
-Perfumed Denaturized Alcohol
East India lemon oil 1,250 parts Mirbane oil.......1,000 parts Cassia oil......... 50 parts Clove oil.......... 75 parts Lemon oil........ 100 parts Amyl ...
-Alcohol in Fermented Beers
Experience has shown that 0.25 pound of sugar to 1 gallon of water yields about 2 per cent of proof spirit, or about 1 per cent of absolute alcohol. Beyond ...
-Denaturized Alcohol
There are two general classes or degrees of denaturizing, viz., the complete and the incomplete, according to the purpose for which the alcohol so denaturized ...
-Ale
The ale of the modern brewer is manufactured in several varieties, which are determined by the wants of the consumer and the particular market for which it is ...
-Alloys
No general rules can be given for alloying metals. Alloys differing greatly in fusibility are commonly made by adding the more fusible ones, either in the ...
-Compounding Alloys
Considerable experience is necessary to insure success in compounding alloys, especially when the metals employed vary greatly in fusibility and volatility.
-Aluminum Alloys Summary
M. H. Pecheux has contributed to the Comptes Rendus, from time to time, the results of his investigations into the alloys of aluminum with soft metals, and the ...
-Aluminum Alloys: Tin Alloys
A filed rod of tin-aluminum alloy plunged in cold water gives off for some minutes bubbles of gas, composed of hydrogen and oxygen in explosive proportions. An ...
-Tin, Bismuth, and Magnesium Alloys
The action of water on these alloys just referred to has been recently demonstrated on a larger scale, 5 to 6 cubic centimeters of hydrogen having been ...
-Magnesium Alloys
These were obtained with 66, 68, 73, 77, and 85 per cent of aluminum, and densities 2.24, 2.47, 2.32, 2.37, 2.47. They are brittle, with large granular ...
-Electrical Conductivity of Aluminum Alloys
During three years' exposure to the atmosphere, copper-aluminum alloys in one test gradually diminished in conductivity in proportion to the amount of copper ...
-Colored Alloys of Aluminum
A purple scintillating composition is produced by an alloyage of 78 parts of gold and 22 parts aluminum. With platinum a gold-colored alloy is obtained; with ...
-Anti-Friction Bearing or Babbitt Metals
These alloys are usually supported by bearings of brass, into which it is poured after they have been tinned, and heated and put together with an exact model ...
-Bell Metal
The composition of bell metal varies considerably, as may be seen below: I (Standard.) Copper, 78 parts; tin, 22 parts; fused together and cast. The most ...
-Bismuth Alloys
Bismuth possesses the unusual quality of expanding in cooling. It is, therefore, introduced in many alloys to reduce or check shrinkage in the mold. For ...
-Brass
In general brass is composed of two-thirds copper and one-third zinc, but a little lead or tin is sometimes advantageous, as the following: I Red copper, 66 ...
-Brass-Iron (Aich's Metal)
This is a variety of brass with an admixture of iron, which gives it a considerable degree of tenacity. It is especially adapted for purposes which require a ...
-Cast Brass
The various articles of bronze, so called, statuettes, clock cases, etc., made in France, where this industry has attained great perfection and extensive ...
-Malleable Brass
This metal is affected less by sea water than pure copper, and was formerly much vised for ship sheathing, and for making nails and rivets which were to come ...
-Sheet Brass (For Sheet and Wire)
In the preparation of brass for the manufacture of wire, an especially pure quality of copper must be used; without this, all efforts to produce a suitable ...
-Gilders' Sheet Brass
Copper, 1 part; zinc, 1 part; tin, 1/10 part; lead, 1/10 part. Very readily fusible and very dense. White Brass Birmingham platina is an alloy of a pure white, ...
-Britannia Metal
Britannia metal is an alloy consisting principally of tin and antimony. Many varieties contain only these two metals, and may be considered simply as tin ...
-Bronzes
The composition of bronze must be effected immediately before the casting, for bronze cannot be kept in store ready prepared. In forming the alloy, the ...
-Annealing Bronze
This process is more particularly employed in the preparation of alloys used in the manufacture of cymbals, gongs, bells, etc. The alloy is naturally brittle, ...
-Aluminum Bronze
This is prepared by melting the finest copper in a crucible, and adding the aluminum. The copper is cooled thereby to the thickly fluid point, but at the ...
-Art Bronzes
(See also Aluminum Bronzes and Japanese Bronzes under this title.) I Copper, 84 parts; zinc, 11 parts; tin, 5 parts. II Copper, 90 parts; zinc, 6 parts; tin, 2 ...
-Statuary Bronze
Many of the antique statues were made of genuine bronze, which has advantages for this purpose, but has been superseded in modern times by mixtures of metals ...
-Bismuth Bronze
Copper, 52 parts; nickel, 30 parts; zinc, 12 parts; lead, 5 parts; bismuth, 1 part. For metallic mirrors, lamp reflectors, etc. Gun Bronze See Phosphor Bronze ...
-Phosphor Bronze
Phosphor bronze is bronze containing varying amounts of phosphorus, from a few hundredths of 1 per cent to 1 or 2 per cent. Bronze containing simply copper and ...
-Phosphor Bronze. Part 2
Copper is a soft, ductile metal, with its melting point at about 2.000 F. Molten copper has the marked property of absorbing various gases. It is for this ...
-Phosphor Bronze. Part 3
The phosphor bronze bearing metal in vogue has the following composition: Copper, 79.7 per cent; tin, 10 per cent; lead, 10 percent; and phosphorus, 0.3 per ...
-Phosphor Bronze. Part 4
The phosphorus is added to the bronze in the form of copper phosphide or phosphide of tin, the two being sometimes used together. They must be specially ...
-Steel Bronze
Copper, 60; ferromanganese (containing 70 to 80 per cent manganese), 40; zinc, 15.
-Silicon Bronze
Silicon, similarly to phosphorus, acts as a deoxidizing agent, and the bronzes produced under its influence are very ductile and elastic, do not rust, and are ...
-Sun Bronze
The alloy called sun bronze contains 10 parts of aluminum, 30 to 50 parts of copper, and 40 to 60 parts of cobalt. The mixture known by the name of metalline ...
-Tobin Bronze
This alloy is nearly similar in composition and properties to Delta metal. I II III IV Copper. .. 61.203 59.00 61.20 82.67 Zinc.....27.440 38.40 37.14 3.23 Tin.
-Lipowitz's Alloy
I This alloy is composed of cadmium, 3 parts; tin, 4; bismuth, 15; and lead, 8. The simplest method of preparation is to heat the metals, in small pieces, in a ...
-Cadmium Alloys with Gold, Silver, and Copper
I Gold, 750 parts; silver, 166 parts; cadmium, 84 parts. A malleable and ductile alloy of green color. II Gold, 750 parts; silver, 125 parts; and cadmium, 125 ...
-Alloys For Casting Coins, Medallions, Etc.
Alloys which fulfill the requirements of the medalist, and capable, therefore, of reproducing all details, are the following: I II Tin......... ...... 3 6 ...
-Acid-proof Alloy
This alloy is characterized by its power of resisting the action of acids, and is therefore especially adapted to making cocks, pipes, etc., which are to come ...
-Bath Metal Alloys
This alloy is used especially in England for the manufacture of teapots, and is very popular owing to the fine white color it possesses. It takes a high polish, ...
-Copper Arsenic Alloys
Arsenic imparts to copper a very fine white color, and makes it very hard and brittle. Before German silver was known, these alloys were sometimes used for the ...
-Delta Metal
An alloy widely used for making parts of machinery, and also for artistic purposes, is the so-called Delta metal. This is a variety of brass hardened with iron; ...
-Gong Metal
A sonorous metal for cymbals, gongs, and tam-tams consists of 100 parts of copper with 25 parts tin. Ignite the piece after it is cast and plunge it into cold ...
-Retz Alloy
This alloy, which resists the corrosive action of alkalies and acids, is composed of 15 parts of copper, 2.34 of tin, 1.82 of lead, and 1 of antimony. It can ...
-File Alloys
Many copper-tin alloys are employed for the making of files which, in distinction from the steel files, are designated composition files. Such alloys have the ...
-Easily Fusible Or Plastic Alloys
(These have a fusing point usually below 300 F.) (See also Solders.) I. Rose's Alloy Bismuth, 2 parts; lead, 1 part; tin, 1 part. Melting point, 200 F. II.
-Fusible Alloys for Electric Installations
These alloys are employed in electric installations as current interrupters. Serving as conductors on a short length of circuit, they melt as soon as the ...
-Lipowitz Metal Amalgam
This amalgam is prepared as follows: Melt in a dish, cadmium, 3 parts, by weight; tin, 4 parts; bismuth, 15 parts; and lead, 8 parts, adding to the alloy, ...
-Plastic Metal Composition
I. Copper oxide is reduced by means of hydrogen or copper sulphate by boiling a solution of the same in water with some zinc filings in order to obtain ...
-Quick - Water
That the amalgam may easily take hold of bronze objects and remain there, it is customary to cover the perfectly cleansed and shining article with a thin coat ...
-Colored Gold Alloys
The alloys of gold with copper have a reddish tinge; those of gold with silver are whiter, and an alloy of gold, silver, and copper together is distinguished ...
-Enameling Alloys
I. Transparent. This alloy should possess the property of transmitting rays of light so as to give the highest possible effect to the enamel. The alloy of gold ...
-Gold-leaf Alloys
All gold made into leaf is more or less alloyed. The gold used by the goldbeater is alloyed according to the variety of color required. Fine gold is commonly ...
-Imitation Gold
I One hundred parts, by weight, of copper of the purest quality; 14 of zinc or tin; 6 of magnesia; 3/6 of sal ammoniac, limestone, and cream of tartar. The ...
-Mannheim Gold or Similor
Mannheim gold is composed of copper, zinc, and tin, in proportions about as follows: I II Copper......... 83.7 89.8 Zinc............ 9.3 9.9 Tin............ 7.
-Oreïde or Oroïde (French Gold)
The so-called French gold, when polished, so closely resembles genuine gold in color that it can scarcely be distinguished from it. Besides its beautiful color, ...
-Palladium Gold
Alloys of gold, copper, silver, and palladium have a brownish-red color and are nearly as hard as iron. They are sometimes (although rarely) used for the ...
-Japanese Alloys
In Japan some specialties in metallic alloys are in use of which the composition is as follows: Shadke consists of copper with from 1 to 10 per cent of gold.
-German Silver Or Argentan
The composition of this alloy varies considerably, but from the adjoined figures an average may be found, which will represent, approximately, the normal ...
-Nickel Bronze
This is prepared by fusing together very highly purified nickel (99.5 per cent) with copper, tin, and zinc. A bronze is produced containing 20 per cent of ...
-Instrument Alloys
The following are suitable for physical and optical instruments, metallic mirrors, telescopes, etc.: I Copper, 62 parts; tin, 33 parts; lead, 5 parts. II ...
-Lead Alloys
The following alloys, principally lead, are used for various purposes: Bibra Alloy This contains 8 parts of bismuth, 9 of tin, and 38 to 40 of lead. Metallic ...
-Magnetic Alloys
Alloys which can be magnetized most strongly are composed of copper, manganese, and aluminum, the quantities of manganese and aluminum being proportional to ...
-Manganese Alloys
Manganese bronze is a bronze deprived of its oxide by an admixture of manganese. The manganese is used as copper manganese containing 10 to 30 per cent ...
-Mirror Alloys
Amalgams For Mirrors I Tin, 70 parts; mercury, 30 parts. II For curved mirrors. Tin, 1 part; lead, 1 part; bismuth, 1 part; mercury, 9 parts. III For glass ...
-Speculum Metal
Alloys consisting of 2 parts of copper and 1 of tin can be very brilliantly polished, and will serve for mirrors. Good speculum metal should have a very fine- ...
-Palladium Alloys
I An alloy of palladium 24 parts, gold 80, is white, hard as steel, unchangeable in the air, and can, like the other alloys of palladium, be used for dental ...
-Platinum Alloys
Platinum has usually been alloyed with silver in goldsmith's work, 2 parts silver to 1 of platinum being taken to form the favorite platinum silver. The object ...
-Platinum Gold
Small quantities of platinum change the characteristics of gold in many respects. With a small percentage the color is noticeably lighter than that of pure ...
-Cooper's Pen Metal
This alloy is especially well adapted to the manufacture of pens, on account of its great hardness, elasticity, and power of resistance to atmospheric ...
-Pewter
This is an alloy of tin and lead only, or of tin with antimony and copper. The first is properly called pewter. Three varieties are known in trade: I (Plate ...
-Silver Alloys
Aluminum Silver Aluminum and silver form beautiful white alloys which are considerably harder than pure aluminum, and take a very high polish. They have the ...
-Arsenic Alloys
Alloys which contain small quantities of arsenic are very ductile, have a beautiful white color, and were formerly used in England in the manufacture of ...
-Copper, Silver, and Cadmium Alloys
Cadmium added to silver alloys gives great flexibility and ductility, without affecting the white color; these properties are valuable in the manufacture of ...
-Silver, Copper, Nickel, and Zinc Alloys
These alloys, from the metals contained in them, may be characterized as argentan or German silver with a certain percentage of silver. They have been used for ...
-Japanese (Gray) Silver
An alloy is prepared in Japan which consists of equal parts of copper and silver, and which is given a beautiful gray color by boiling in a solution of alum, ...
-Imitation Silver Alloys
There are a number of alloys, composed of different metals, which resemble silver, and may be briefly mentioned here. I Warne's metal is composed of tin 10 ...
-Steel Alloys
See also Steel. For Locomotive Cylinders This mixture consists of 20 per cent steel castings, old steel springs, etc.; 20 per cent No. 2 coke iron, and 60 per ...
-Tin Alloys
Alloys For Dentists' Molds And Dies I Very hard. Tin, 16 parts; antimony, 1 part; zinc, 1 part. II Softer than the former. Tin, 8 parts; zinc, 1 part; antimony, ...
-Other Tin-Lead Alloys
Percentage of lead and specific gravity. P. C. S. G. P. C. S.G. 0......... 7.290 28........ 8.105 1......... 7.316 29........ 8.137 2......... 7.342 30........
-Tin Statuettes, Buttons, etc
I Tin................. 4 parts Lead................ 3 parts This is a very soft solder which sharply reproduces all details. Another easily fusible alloy but ...
-Type Metal Alloys
An alloy which is to serve for type metal must be readily cast, fill out the molds sharply, and be as hard as possible. It is difficult to satisfy all these ...
-White Metals
The so-called white metals are employed almost exclusively for bearings. (See Anti-friction Metals under Alloys.) In the technology of mechanics an accurate ...
-White Metals Based on Copper
I Copper, 65 parts; arsenic, 55 parts. II Copper, 64 parts; arsenic, 50 parts. III Copper, 10 parts; zinc, 20 parts; nickel, 30 parts. IV Nickel, 70 parts; ...
-White Metals Based on Platinum
I Platinum, 1 part; copper, 4 parts; or platinum, 1.5 parts; copper, 3.5 parts. II Platinum, 10 parts; tin, 90 parts; or platinum, 8 parts; tin, 92 parts. III ...
-Bidery Metal
This is sometimes composed of 31 parts of zinc, 2 parts of copper, and 2 parts of lead; the whole is melted on a layer of rosin or wax to avoid oxidation. This ...
-Unclassified Alloys
Alloys For Drawing Colors On Steel Alloys of various composition are successfully used for drawing colors on steel. To draw to a straw color use 2 parts of ...
-Alum
Burnt Alum I Heat the alum in a porcelain dish or other suitable vessel till it liquefies, then raise and continue the heat, not allowing it to exceed 400 , ...
-How To Color Aluminum:
Blanching Of Aluminum Aluminum is one of the metals most inalterable by air; nevertheless, the objects of aluminum tarnish quickly enough without being altered.
-Decorating Aluminum
A process for decorating aluminum, patented in Germany, prescribes that the objects be first corroded, which is usually done with caustic soda lye, or, better ...
-Making Castings in Aluminum
The method adopted in preparing molds and cores for aluminum work is necessarily somewhat the same as for brass, but there are particular points which need ...
-To Increase the Toughness, Density, and Tenacity of Aluminum
For the purpose of improving aluminum, without increasing its specific gravity, the aluminum is mixed with 4 to 7 per cent of phosphorus, whereby the density, ...
-Toughness, Density, and Tenacity of Aluminum. Part 2
Too much stress cannot be laid on the fact of starting with the proper grade of metal, for either through ignorance or by not observing this point is the ...
-Toughness, Density, and Tenacity of Aluminum. Part 3
An effect similar to the scratch-brush finish can be got by sand blasting, and by first sand blasting and then scratch brushing the sheets, a good finish is ...
-Amalgams
See also Easily Fusible Alloys under Alloys. The name amalgam is given to alloys of metals containing mercury. The term comes to us from the alchemists. It ...
-General Properties of Amalgams
Amalgams are liquid when the quicksilver is in great excess; solid, but readily fusible, when the alloyed metal predominates. They have a metallic luster, and ...
-Applications of Potassium Amalgams
I They furnish a process for preparing potassium by the decomposition of potash by the electric current, by employing quicksilver as the cathode, and ...
-Applications of Sodium Amalgams
These are nearly the same as those of the potassium amalgams, but the sodium amalgams are employed almost exclusively, because sodium is easier to handle than ...
-Applications of Barium Amalgams
These can, by distillation, furnish barium. It is one of the processes for preparing this metal, which, when thus obtained, almost always retains a little ...
-Applications of Zinc Amalgams
The principal employment of zinc amalgams is their use as a cathode or negative electrode in the batteries of Munson, Daniels, and Lechanché. This combination ...
-Applications of Manganese Amalgams
These may serve for the preparation of manganese. For this purpose it is sufficient to distill in a current of pure hydrogen. The manganese remains in the form ...
-Applications of Copper Amalgams
I An amalgam of 30 per cent of copper has been employed for filling teeth. This use has been abandoned on account of the inconvenience occasioned by the great ...
-Applications of Lead Amalgams
These meet with an interesting employment for the autogenous soldering of lead. After the surfaces to be soldered have been well cleaned, a layer of lead ...
-Applications of Silver Amalgams
I In the silvering of mirrors by the Petit-jean method, which has almost universally replaced tinning, the property of silver in readily amalgamating is taken ...
-Applications of Gold Amalgams
I Gilding with quicksilver. This process of gilding, much employed formerly, is now but little used. It can be applied only to metals slightly fusible and ...
-Gold Amalgam
Eight parts of gold and 1 of mercury are formed into an amalgam for plating by rendering the gold into thin plates, making it red hot, and then putting it into ...
-Copper Amalgam
Copper amalgam, or so-called Viennese metal cement, crystallizes with the greatest readiness and acquires such hardness on solidifying that it can be polished ...
-Silver Amalgam
Silver amalgam can easily be made with the help of finely powdered silver. The mercury need only be heated to 250 to 300 C. (482 to 572 F.); silver powder is ...
-Amber
Imitation Amber Melt carefully together pine rosin, 1; lacca in tabulis, 2; white colophony, 15 parts.
-Ammonia
Household Ammonia (See also Household Formulas.) Household ammonia is simply diluted ammonia water to which borax and soap have been added. To make it cloudy ...
-Liquor Ammonii Anisatus
Oil of anise, by weight........ 1 part Alcohol, by weight............ 24 parts Water of ammonia, by weight.. 5 parts Dissolve the oil in the alcohol and add ...
-Antidotes for Poisons
Poison, Symptoms And Antidotes When a person has taken poison the first thing to do is to compel the patient to vomit, and for that purpose give any emetic ...
-Antidotes for Poisons: Mineral Acids—Sulphuric Acid (Oil of Vitriol), Nitric Acid (Aqua Fortis), Muriatic Acid (Spirits of Salts)
Symptoms: Acid, burning taste in the mouth, acute pain in the throat, stomach, and bowels; frequent vomiting, generally bloody; mouth and lips excoriated, ...
-Antidotes for Poisons: Vegetable Acids—Acetic, Citric, Oxalic, Tartaric
Symptoms : Intense burning pain of mouth, throat, and stomach; vomiting blood which is highly acid, violent purging, collapse, stupor, death. Oxalic acid is ...
-Antidotes for Poisons: Prussic or Hydrocyanic Acid—Laurel Water, Cyanide of Potassium, Bitter Almond Oil, Etc
Symptoms: In large doses almost invariably instantaneously fatal; when not immediately fatal, sudden loss of sense and control of the voluntary muscles. The ...
-Antidotes for Poisons: Aconite—Monkshood, Wolfsbane
Symptoms: Numbness and tingling in the mouth and throat, and afterwards in other portions of the body, with sore throat, pain over the stomach, and vomiting; ...
-Antidotes for Poisons: Alkalis and Their Salts—Concentrated Lye, Wood-ash Lye, Caustic Potash, Ammonia, Hartshorn
Symptoms: Caustic, acrid taste, excessive heat in the throat, stomach, and intestines; vomiting of bloody matter, cold sweats, hiccough, purging of bloody ...
-Antimony and Its Preparations—Tartar Emetic, Antimonial Wine, Kerme's Mineral
Symptoms : Faintness and nausea, soon followed by painful and continued vomiting, severe diarrhea, constriction and burning sensation in the throat, cramps, or ...
-Arsenic and Its Preparations—Ratsbane, Fowler's Solution, Etc
Symptoms: Generally within an hour pain and heat are felt in the stomach, soon followed by vomiting, with a burning dryness of the throat and great thirst; the ...
-Antidotes for Poisons: Belladonna, or Deadly Nightshade
Symptoms: Dryness of the mouth and throat, great thirst, difficulty of swallowing, nausea, dimness, confusion or loss of vision, great enlargement of the ...
-Antidotes for Poisons: Cantharides (Spanish or Blistering Fly) and Modern Potato Bug
Symptoms: Sickening odor of the breath, sour taste, with burning heat in the throat, stomach, and bowels; frequent vomiting, often bloody; copious bloody ...
-Antidotes for Poisons: Cobalt, or Fly Powder
Symptoms: Heat and pain in the throat and stomach, violent retching and vomiting, cold and clammy skin, small and feeble pulse, hurried and difficult breathing, ...
-Antidotes for Poisons: Foxglove, or Digitalis
Symptoms: Loss of strength, feeble, fluttering pulse, faintness, nausea and vomiting and stupor ; cold perspiration, dilated pupils, sighing, irregular ...
-Antidotes for Poisons: Hemlock (Conium)
Symptoms: Dryness of the throat, tremors, dizziness, difficulty of swallowing, prostration, and faintness, limbs powerless or paralyzed, pupils dilated, pulse ...
-Antidotes for Poisons: Lead—Acetate of Lead, Sugar of Lead, Dry White Lead, Red Lead, Litharge, or Pickles, Wine, or Vinegar Sweetened by Lead
Symptoms: When taken in large doses, a sweet but astringent metallic taste exists, with constriction in the throat, pain in the region of the stomach, painful, ...
-Antidotes for Poisons: Mercury—Corrosive Sublimate (bug poisons frequently contain this poison), Red Precipitate, Chinese or English Vermilion
Symptoms: Acrid, metallic taste in the mouth, immediate constriction and burning in the throat, with anxiety and tearing pains in both stomach and bowels, ...
-Antidotes for Poisons: Opium and All Its Compounds— Morphine, Laudanum, Paregoric, Etc
Symptoms: Giddiness, drowsiness, increasing to stupor, and insensibility; pulse usually, at first, quick and irregular, and breathing hurried, and afterwards ...
-Antidotes for Poisons: Phosphorus — Found in Lucifer Matches and Some Rat Poisons
Symptoms: Symptoms of irritant poisoning; pain in the stomach and bowels; vomiting, diarrhea; tenderness and tension of the abdomen. Treatment: An emetic is to ...
-Antidotes for Poisons: Poison Ivy
Symptoms: Contact with, and with many persons the near approach to, the vine gives rise to violent erysipelatous inflammation, especially of the face and hands, ...
-Antidotes for Poisons: Stramonium, Thorn Apple, or Jamestown Weed
Symptoms: Vertigo, headache, perversion of vision, slight delirium, sense of suffocation, disposition to sleep, bowels relaxed, and all secretions augmented.
-Antidotes for Poisons: Strychnine or Nux Vomica
The characteristic symptom is the special influence exerted upon the nervous system, which is manifested by a general contraction of all the muscles of the ...
-Antidotes for Poisons: Tin—Chloride of Tin, Solution of Tin (used by dyers), Oxide of Tin, or Putty Powder
Symptoms: Vomiting, pains in the stomach, anxiety, restlessness, frequent pulse, delirium, etc. Treatment: Empty the stomach, and give whites of eggs in water, ...
-Antidotes for Poisons: Zinc—Oxide of Zinc, Sulphate of Zinc, White Vitriol, Acetate of Zinc
Symptoms: Violent vomiting, astringent taste, burning pain in the stomach, pale countenance, cold extremities, dull eyes, fluttering pulse. Death seldom ensues, ...
-Antiferments
The following are tried and useful formulas: I Sulphite (not sulphate) of lime, in fine powder, 1 part; marble dust, ground oyster shells, or chalk, 7 parts; ...
-Anchovy Preparations
Extemporaneous Anchovy Sauce Anchovies, chopped small............. 3 or 4 Butter.............. 3 ounces Water.............. 2 ounces Vinegar............ 1 ...
-To Preserve Antiques
The best process for the preservation of antique metallic articles consists in a retransformation of the metallic oxides into metal by the electrolytic method.
-Antiseptic Powders
I Borax............ 3 ounces Dried alum....... 3 ounces Thymol........... 22 grains Eucalyptol........ 20 drops Menthol.......... 1.5 grains Phenol...........
-Antiseptic Pencils
I Tannin............ q. s. Alcohol, q. s......... 1 part Ether, q. s........... 3 parts Make into a mass, using as an excipient the alcohol and ether ...
-Antiseptic Paste (Poison) for Organic Specimens
(a) Wheat flour....... 16 ounces Beat to a batter with cold water...... 16 fluidounces Then pour into boiling water....... 32 fluidounces (b) Pulverized gum ar- ...
-Antiseptic Paste
Difficulty is often experienced in applying an antiseptic dressing to moist surfaces, such as the lips after operation for harelip. A paste for this purpose is ...
-Alkaline Glycerine of Thymol
Sodium bicarbonate.. 100 grains Sodium biborate..... 200 grains Sodium benzoate..... 80 grains Sodium salicylate .... 40 grains Menthol............ 2 grains ...
-Substitute for Rubber Gloves
Murphy has found that a 4-, 6-, or 8-per-cent solution of gutta-percha in benzine, when applied to the hands of the surgeon or the skin of the patient, will ...
-Asthma Cures
Asthma Papers. I. Impregnate bibulous paper with the following: Extract of stramonium, 10; potassium nitrate, 17; sugar, 20; warm water, 200 parts. Dry. II ...
-Asthma Cigarettes
I. Belladonna leaves, 5 parts; stramonium leaves, 5 parts; digitalis leaves, 5 parts; sage leaves, 5 parts; potassium nitrate, 75 parts; tincture of benzoin, ...
-Antidote To Atropine
The usual physiological antidotes to the mydriatic alkaloids from belladonna, stramonium, and hyoscyamus are morphine or eserine. Strong tea, coffee, or brandy ...
-Baking Powders
I Tartaric acid, 3 parts; sodium bicarbonate, 1 part; starch, 0.75 part. Of this baking powder the required amount for 500 parts of flour is about 20 parts for ...
-Balsams
See also Ointments. Wild-Cherry Balsam Wild-cherry bark. . 1 ounce Licorice root...... 1 ounce Ipecac............ 1 ounce Bloodroot......... 1 drachm Sassafras.
-Effervescent Bath Tablets
Tartaric acid........ 10 parts Sodium bicarbonate.. 9 parts Rice flour........... 6 parts A few spoonfuls of this, when stirred into a bathtubful of water, ...
-Battery Fillers And Solutions
I In the so-called dry batteries the exciting substance is a paste instead of a fluid; moisture is necessary to cause the reaction. These pastes are generally ...
-Solutions for Batteries
The almost exclusively employed solution of sal ammoniac (ammonium chloride) presents the drawback that the zinc rods, glasses, etc., after a short use, become ...
-Beef, Iron And Wine
Extract of beef .... 512 grains Detannated sherry Wine........... 26 ounces Alcohol........... 4 ounces Citrate of iron and ammonia....... 256 grains Simple ...
-Restoration Of Spoiled Beer
I Powdered chalk is poured into the cask and allowed to remain in the beer until completely precipitated. II The liquor of boiled raisins may be poured into ...
-Foul Brood In Bees
Foul brood is a contagious disease to which bees are subject. It is caused by bacteria and its presence may be known by the bees becoming languid. Dark, ...
-Belt Pastes For Increasing Adhesion
I Tallow............ 50 parts Caster oil, crude.... 20 parts Fish oil............ 20 parts Colophony......... 10 parts Melt on a moderate fire and stir until ...
-Benzine
Benzine, To Color Green Probably the simplest and cheapest as well as the best method of coloring benzine green is to dissolve in it sufficient oil soluble ...
-Deodorizing Benzine
I Benzine......... 20 ounces Oil of lavender... 1 fluidrachm Potassium dichro- mate.......... 1 ounce Sulphuric acid. . . 1 fluidounce Water.......... 20 ...
-Benzoparal
A neutral, bland, oily preparation of benzoin, useful for applying various antiseptics by the aid of an atomizer, nebulizer, or vaporizer. Can be used plain or ...
-Ginger Ale And Ginger Beer: Old-Fashioned Ginger Beer
Lemons, large and sound............ 6 only Ginger, bruised...... 3 ounces Sugar.............. 6 cups Yeast, compressed ... 0.25 cake Boiling water........ 4 ...
-Ginger-Ale Extract
I Jamaica ginger, coarse powder.. 4 ounces Mace, powder.. .. 1/2 ounce Canada snakeroot, coarse powder.. 60 grains Oil of lemon..... 1 fluidrachm Alcohol.......
-Ginger Beer
Brown sugar........ 2 pounds Boiling water........ 2 gallons Cream of tartar...... 1 ounce Bruised ginger root... 2 ounces Infuse the ginger in the boiling ...
-Soluble Extract of Ginger Ale
Of the following three formulas the first is intended for soda-fountain use, the second is a cheap extract for the bottlers who want a one-ounce-to-the-gallon ...
-Lemonades
Lemonade Preparations For The Sick I Strawberry Lemonade: Citric acid, 6 parts; water, 100 parts; sugar, 450 parts; strawberry syrup, 600 parts; cherry syrup, ...
-Lemonades, Lemon and Sour Drinks for Soda-Water Fountains
Plain Lemonade. Juice of 1 lemon; pulverized sugar, 2 teaspoonfuls; filtered water, sufficient; shaved ice, sufficient. Mix and shake well. Garnish with fruit, ...
-Raspberry Lemonade
I Juice of 1 lemon; 3 teaspoonfuls powdered sugar; 1 tablespoonful raspberry juice; shaved ice; plain water; shake. II Juice of 1 lemon; 2 teaspoonfuls ...
-"Ping Pong" Frappé
Grape juice, unfermented, 1 quart; port wine (California), 0.5 pint; lemon syrup, 12 ounces; pineapple syrup, 2 ounces; orange syrup, 4 ounces; Benedictine ...
-Egg Lemonade
I Break 1 egg into a soda glass, add 1.25 ounces lemon syrup, a drachm of lemon juice, and a little shaved ice; then draw carbonated water to fill the glass, ...
-Hot Soda-Water Drinks
Chocolate I This may be prepared in two ways, from the powdered cocoa or from a syrup. To prepare the cocoa for use, dry mix with an equal quantity of ...
-Coffee
I Make an extract by macerating 1 pound of the best Mocha and Java with 8 ounces of water for 20 minutes, then add hot water enough to percolate 1 pint. One or ...
-Hot Egg Orangeade
One egg; juice of 0.5 orange; 2 teaspoonfuls powdered sugar. Shake, strain, add 1 cup of hot water. Stir, serve with nutmeg. Hot Egg Bouillon One-half ounce ...
-Cocoa Syrup
I Cocoa, light, soluble. 4 ounces Granulated sugar.... 2 pounds Boiling hot water. ... 1 quart Extract vanilla...... 1 ounce Dissolve the cocoa in the hot ...
-Pepsin Phosphate
One teaspoonful of liquid pepsin; 2 dashes of acid phosphate; 1 ounce of lemon syrup; 1 cup hot water. Cream Beef Tea Use 1 teaspoonful of liquid beef extract ...
-Hot Malt
Extract of malt, 1 ounce; cherry syrup, 1 ounce; hot water, sufficient to make 8 ounces. Mix. Malted Milk Horlick's malted milk, 2 tablespoonfuls; hot water, ...
-Hot Bouillon
Beef extract......... 1 ounce Hot water, q. s. to make............. 8 ounces Pepper, salt, etc...... q. s. Mix. Clam Bouillon I Clam juice........... 12 ...
-Hot Tea
I Tea syrup.......... sufficient Hot water, q. s. to make............ 1 cupful II Loaf sugar.......... 4 cubes Extract of Oolong tea, about...... 1 dessertsp' ...
-Hot Egg Drinks
I One-half to 1 ounce liquid extract of beef, 1 egg, salt and pepper to season, hot water to fill an 8-ounee mug. Stir the extract, egg, and seasoning together ...
-Fancy Soda Drinks
Coffee Cream Soda Serve in a 12-ounce glass. Draw 1.5 ounces of syrup and 1 ounce of cream. Into the shaker draw 8 ounces of carbonated water, pour into the ...
-Chocolate and Milk
Chocolate syrup..... 2 ounces Sweet milk, sufficient. Fill a glass half full of shaved ice, put in the syrup, and add milk until the glass is-almost full.
-Goldenade
Shaved ice, 0.5 tumblerful; powdered sugar; juice of 1 lemon; yolk of 1 egg. Shake well, add soda water from large stream, turn from tumbler to shaker, and ...
-Egg Coffee
Coffee syrup........ 2 ounces Cream............. 3 ounces One egg. Shaved ice. Cocoa Mint Chocolate syrup..... 1 ounce Peppermint syrup.... 1 ounce White of ...
-Rose Cream
Rose syrup..........12 drachms Cream............. 4 ounces White of one egg. Violet Cream Violet syrup........ 12 drachms Cream............ 4 ounces White of ...
-Yama
One egg. Cream.......... 2 ounces Sugar........... 2 teaspoonfuls Jamaica rum..... 0.5 ounce Shake well, put into cup, and add hot water. Serve with whipped ...
-Koumiss
The original koumiss is the Russian, made from mare's milk, while that produced in this country and other parts of Europe is usually, probably always, made ...
-Koumiss: Miscellaneous Formulas
I Fill a quart champagne bottle up to the neck with pure milk; add 2 tablespoonfuls of white sugar, after dissolving the same in a little water over a hot fire; ...
-Kwass
Kwass is a popular drink among the Russian population of Kunzews, prepared as follows: In a big kettle put from 13 to 15 quarts of water, and bring to a boil, ...
-Winter Beverages
Campchello Thoroughly beat the yolks of 12 fresh eggs with 2.25 pounds finely powdered, refined sugar, the juice of 3 lemons and 2 oranges, and 3 bottles of Grâ ...
-Summer Drink
Chopped ice...... 2 tablespoonfuls Chocolate syrup .. 2 tablespoonfuls Whipped cream ... 3 tablespoonfuls Milk............ 0.5 cup Carbonated water, 0.25 cup ...
-Beer Recipes
Scotch Beer Add 1 peck malt to 4 gallons of boiling water and let it mash for 8 hours, and then strain, and in the strained liquor boil: Hops............... 4 ...
-Spruce Beer Recipe
I Sugar, 1 pound; essence of spruce, 1/2 ounce; boiling water, 1 gallon; mix well, and when nearly cold add of yeast 0.5 wineglassful; and the next day bottle ...
-Weiss Beer Recipe
This differs from the ordinary lager beer in that it contains wheat malt. The proportions are 2/3 wheat to 1/3 barley malt, 1 pound hops being used with a peck ...
-Bird Foods
See also Veterinary Formulas. Mixed Birdseed Canary seed.......... 6 parts Rape seed............ 2 parts Maw seed........... 1 part Millet seed........... 2 ...
-Bleaching Things
Bleaching Linen Mix common bleaching powder in the proportion of 1 pound to a gallon of water; stir it occasionally for 3 days, let it settle, and pour it off ...
-Blight Remedies
I Soft soap........ 40 parts Amyl alcohol..... 50 parts Methylated spirit. 20 parts Water...........1,000 parts II Soft soap........ 30 parts Sulphureted ...
-Boil Remedy
Take a piece of soft linen or borated gauze, rub some vaseline upon one side of it, quickly pour upon it some chloroform, apply it to the unopened boil or ...
-Prevention of Boiler Scale
The lime contained in the feed water, either as bicarbonate or as sulphate, is precipitated in the shape of a light mud, but the walls of the boiler remain ...
-Prevention of Electrolysis
In order to prevent the eating away of the sheets and tubes by electrolytic action, it has long been the practice of marine engineers to suspend slabs of zinc ...
-Bone Black
Bone Or Ivory Black All bones (and ivory is bone in a sense) consist of a framework of crystallized matter or bone earth, in the interstices of which organic ...
-Books Handling And Preservation
The Preservation Of Books In Hot Climates Books in hot climates quickly deteriorate unless carefully guarded. There are three destructive agencies: (1) damp, ( ...
-Borax For Sprinkling
I Sprinkling borax is not only cheaper, but also dissolves less in soldering than pure borax. The borax is heated in a metal vessel until it has lost its water ...
-Bottles
Magic Bottles The mystery of the wonderful bottle, from which can be poured in succession port wine, sherry, claret, water, champagne, or ink, at the will of ...
-Bottle-Capping Mixtures
I Soak 7 pounds of good gelatin in 10 ounces of glycerine and 60 ounces of water, and heat over a water bath until dissolved, and add any desired color.
-Show Bottles
I Place in a cylindrical bottle the following liquids in the order named: First, sulphuric acid, tinted blue with indigo; second, chloroform; third, glycerine, ...
-Brass Coloring
Formulas for the making of Brass will be found under Alloys. Colors For Polished Brass The brass objects are put into boiling solutions composed of different ...
-Miscellaneous Coloring of Brass
Yellow to bright red: Dissolve 2 parts native copper carbonate with 1 part caustic soda in 10 parts water. Dip for a few minutes into the liquor, the various ...
-Coloring Unpolished Brass
A yellow color of handsome effect is obtained on unpolished brass by means of antimony-chloride solution. This is produced by finely powdering gray antimony ...
-Black Color on Brass
A black or oxidized surface on brass is produced by a solution of carbonate of copper in ammonia. The work is immersed and allowed to remain until the required ...
-Black Finish for Brass
I A handsome black finish may be put on brass by the following process: Dissolve in 1,000 parts of ammonia water 45 parts of natural malachite, and in the ...
-Refinishing Gas Fixtures
Gas fixtures which have become dirty or tarnished from use may be improved in appearance by painting with bronze paint and then, if a still better finish is ...
-Graining of Brass
Brass parts of timepieces are frequently provided with a dead grained surface. For this purpose they are fastened with flat-headed pins on cork disks and ...
-The Dead, or Matt, Dip for Brass
The dead dip is used to impart a satiny or crystalline finish to the surface. The bright dip gives a smooth, shiny, and perfectly even surface, but the dead ...
-To Improve Deadened Brass Parts
Clock parts matted with oilstone and oil, such as the hour wheels, minute wheels, etc., obtain, by mere grinding, a somewhat dull appearance, with a sensitive ...
-Restoration of Brass Articles
The brass articles are first freed from adhering dirt by the use of hot soda lye; if bronzed they are dipped in a highly dilute solution of sulphuric acid and ...
-Remedies for Fetid Breath
Fetid breath may be due to the expelled air (i. e., to disease of the respirational tract), to gases thrown off from the digestive tract, or to a diseased ...
-Brick Stain
To stain brick flat the color of brown-stone, add black to Venetian red until the desired shade is obtained. If color ground in oil is used, thin with ...
-Bromoform
Bromoform is insoluble in dilute alcohol, but may be dissolved by the aid of glycerine. The following formula has been devised: Bromoform......... 1 part ...
-Bronze Formulas
See Alloys. BRONZE CASTING: See Casting. BRONZE, IMITATION: See Plaster. BRONZE POLISHES: See Polishes. BRONZE, RENOVATION OF: See Cleaning Compounds. Bronze ...
-Liquid Bronzes
I For the production of liquid bronze, acid-free varnish should be used, as bronze ground with ordinary varnish will form verdigris. For the deacidification of ...
-General Formulas for Bronzing Preparations
I Take 240 parts subacetate of copper, 120 parts oxide of zinc in powder form, 60 parts borax, 60 parts saltpeter, and 3.5 parts corrosive sublimate. Prepare a ...
-How to Bronze Metals
Prepare a solution of 1.5 ounces of sodium hyposulphite in 1 pint of water and add to the same a solution of 1.5 ounces of lead acetate dissolved in 1 pint of ...
-A Bronze for Brass
Immerse the articles, freed from dirt and grease, in a cold solution of 10 parts of potassium permanganate, 50 parts of iron sulphate, 5 parts of hydrochloric ...
-Bronze Gilding on Smooth Moldings
A perfect substitute for dead gilding cannot be obtained by bronzing, because of the radically different reflection of the light, for the matt gilding presents ...
-Bronze Substitutes
The following recipe is used in making imitation gold bronzes: Sandarac.......... 50 parts Mastic............ 10 parts Venice turpentine.. . 5 parts Alcohol....
-To Color Bronze
Bronze articles acquire handsome tempering colors by heating. In order to impart an old appearance to new objects of bronze, they may be heated over a flame ...
-Imitation Japanese Bronze
When the copper or coppered article is perfectly dry and the copper or copper coating made brilliant, which is produced by rubbing with a soft brush, put ...
-Bronze Powders
See also' Plating for general methods of bronzing, and Varnishes. Gold And Silver Bronze Powders Genuine gold bronze is produced from the waste and parings ...
-Mosaic Gold Bronze Powder
Mosaic gold, generally a compound of tin, 64.63 parts, and sulphur, 35.37 parts, is odorless and tasteless, and dissolves only in chlorine solution, aqua regia, ...
-How To Take Care Of Paint And Varnish Brushes
It is a good plan to fill the varnish brush before putting it in the keeper. Whitewash or kalsomine brushes should not be put into newly slaked lime or hot ...
-Cleaning Varnish Brushes
Varnish brushes, and brushes used in varnish stain, buggy paint, and all color in varnish require different handling than paint brushes. They should be more ...
-Washing Brushes
All brushes should be washed in benzine or turpentine and shaken dry not whipped when it is desired to change from one color to another, or from one varnish to ...
-Burns
See also Ointments and Turpentine. Mixture For Burns I A mixture of castor oil with the white of egg is recommended for burns. The eggs are broken into a bowl ...
-Butter
(See also Poods.) Butter Color.- Orlean, 80 parts, by weight; curcuma root (turmeric), 80 parts, by weight; olive oil, 240 parts, by weight; saffron, 1 part, ...
-To Impart the Aroma and Taste of Natural Butter to Margarine
In order to give margarine the aroma and flavor of cow butter, add to it a fatty acid product, which is obtained by saponification of butter, decomposition of ...
-An English Margarine
A mixture of edible fats of suitable consistency, e. g., oleo oil, 5 parts; neutral lard, 7 parts; and butter, 1 part; is mixed with albuminous batter, 4 parts, ...
-Preservation and Use of Calcium Carbide
Calcium carbide is readily attacked by the air and the moisture contained in the generators and consequently decomposes during the storing, with formation of ...
-Camphor Preparations: Fragrant Naphthalene Camphor
Naphthalene white, in scales........ 3,000 parts Camphor......... 1,0.00 parts Melt on the steam bath and add to the hot mass: Coumarin............ 2 parts ...
-Camphor Ice
I White wax.......... 16 parts Benzoated suet...... 48 parts Camphor, powdered. 8 parts Essential oil, to perfume. Melt the wax and suet together. When nearly ...
-Canary-Bird Paste
The following is a formula much used by German canary-bird raisers: Sweet almonds, blanched......... 16 parts Pea meal........... 32 parts Butter, fresh ( ...
-Coloring Ceresine Candles for the Christmas Tree
For coloring these candles only dye stuffs soluble in oil can be employed. Blue: 23-24 lavender blue, pale or dark, 100-120 parts per 5,000 parts of ceresine.
-Candle Coloring
Candles are colored either throughout or they sometimes consist of a white body that is covered with a colored layer of paraffine wax. According to the ...
-Caramel
Cloudless Caramel Coloring I When it is perfectly understood that in the manufacture of caramel, sugar is to be deprived of the one molecule of its water of ...
-Carbolic Acid
Perfumed Carbolic Acid I Carbolic acid (cryst.). 1 ounce Alcohol.... ........ 1 ounce Oil bergamot......... 10 minims Oil eucalyptus...... 10 minims Oil ...
-Disguising Odor of Carbolic Acid
Any stronger smelling substance will disguise the odor of carbolic acid, to an extent at least, but it is a difficult odor to disguise on account of its ...
-Casein
Dried Casein, its Manufacture and Uses For the production of casein, skimmed milk or buttermilk is used, articles of slight value, as they cannot be employed ...
-Phosphate of Casein and its Production
The process is designed to produce a strongly acid compound of phosphoric acid and casein, practically stable and not hydroscopic, which may be employed as an ...
-Castings Out of Various Metals
Until recent years metal castings were all made in sand molds; that is, the patterns were used for the impressions in the sand, the same as iron castings are ...
-To Prevent the Adhesion of Modeling Sand to Castings
Use a mixture of finely ground coke and graphite. Although the former material is highly porous, possessing this quality even as a fine powder, and the fine ...
-How to Make a Plaster Cast of a Coin or Medal
The most exact observance of any written or printed directions is no guarantee of success. Practice alone can give expertness in this work. The composition of ...
-How to Make Castings of Insects
The object a dead beetle, for example is first arranged in a natural position, and the feet are connected with an oval rim of wax. It is then fixed in the ...
-Casting Molds
I Brass molds for the casting of soft metal ornaments out of britannia, pewter, spelter, etc., should be made out of brass that contains enough zinc to produce ...
-Casting: Plaster Molds
Castings of any metal can be done in a plaster mold, provided the mold has dried, at a moderate heat, for several days. Smoke the mold well with a brand of ...
-Castor Oil
Purifying Rancid Castor Oil To clean rancid castor oil mix 100 parts of the oil at 95 F. with a mixture of 1 part of alcohol (96 per cent) and 1 part of ...
-Tasteless Castor Oil
I Pure castor oil.. 1 pint Cologne spirit. . 3 fluidounces Oil of winter-green........ 40 minims Oil of sassafras. 20 minims Oil of anise..... 15 minims ...
-How to Take Castor Oil
The disgust for castor oil is due to the odor, not to the taste. If the patient grips the nostrils firmly before pouring out the dose, drinks the oil ...
-Catatypy
It is a well-known fact that the reactions of the compounds of silver, platinum, and chromium in photographic processes are generally voluntary ones and that ...
-Preparation of Catgut Sutures
The catgut is stretched tightly over a glass plate tanned in 5 per cent watery extract of quebracho, washed for a short time in water, subjected to the action ...
-Celery Compound
Celery (seed ground). 25 parts Coca leaves (ground). 25 parts Black haw (ground).. 25 parts Hyoscyamus leaves (ground).......... 12.5 parts Podophyllum ( ...
-New Celluloid
M. Ortmann has ascertained that turpentine produced by the Pinus larix, generally denominated Venice turpentine, in combination with acetone (dimethyl ketone), ...
-Formol Albumen for Preparation of Celluloid
Formol has the property of forming combinations with most albuminoid substances. These are not identical with reference to plasticity, and the use which may be ...
-Plastic Substances of Nitro-Cellulose Base
To manufacture plastic substances the Compagnie Française du Celluloid commences by submitting casein to a special operation. It is soaked with a solution of ...
-Improved Celluloid
This product is obtained by mingling with celluloid, under suitable conditions, gelatin or strong glue of gelatin base. It is clear that the replacement of ...
-Preparation of Uninflammable Celluloid
The operation of this process by Woodward is the following: In a receiver of glass or porcelain, liquefied fish glue and gum arabic are introduced and allowed ...
-Substitute for Camphor in the Preparation of Celluloid and Applicable to Other Purposes
In this process commercial oil of turpentine, after being rectified by distillation over caustic soda, is subjected to the action of gaseous chlorhydric acid, ...
-Production of Substances Resembling Celluloid
Most of the substitutes for camphor in the preparation of celluloid are attended with inconveniences limiting their employment and sometimes causing their ...
-Elastic Substitute for Celluloid
Acetic cellulose, like nitro-cellulose, can be converted into an elastic corneous compound. The substances particularly suitable for the operation are organic ...
-Celluloid of Reduced Inflammability
I A practicable method consists in incorporating silica, which does not harm the essential properties of the celluloid. The material is divided by the usual ...
-Solvents for Celluloid
Celluloid dissolves in acetone, sulphuric ether, alcohol, oil of turpentine, benzine, amyl acetate, etc., alone, or in various combinations of these agents.
-Mending Celluloid
Celluloid dishes which show cracks are easily repaired by brushing the surface repeatedly with alcohol, 3 parts, and ether, 4 parts, until the mass turns soft ...
-Process of Impregnating Fabrics with Celluloid
The fabric is first saturated with a dilute celluloid solution of the consistency of olive oil, which solution penetrates deeply into the tissue; dry quickly ...
-Plumbers' Cement
A plumbers' cement consists of 1 part black rosin, melted, and 2 parts of brickdust, thoroughly powdered and dried. Cement for Steam and Water Pipes A cement ...
-Puncture Cement
A patented preparation for automatically repairing punctures in bicycle tires consists of glycerine holding gelatinous silica or aluminum hydrate in suspension.
-Dental Cements
Fairthorne's Cement Powdered glass, 5 parts; powdered borax, 4 parts; silicic acid, 8 parts; zinc oxide, 200 parts. Powder very finely and mix; then tint with ...
-Zinc. Amalgam, or Dentists' ' Zinc
This consists of pure zinc filings combined with twice their weight of mercury, a gentle heat being employed to render the union more complete. It is best ...
-Notes for Potters, Glass-, and Brick-makers
It is of the highest importance in selecting oxides, minerals, etc., for manufacturing different articles, for potters' use, to secure pure goods, especially ...
-Brick And Tilemakers' Glazed Bricks
White When the brick or tile leaves the press, with a very soft brush cover the part to be glazed with No. 1 Slip; afterwards dip the face in the same mixture.
-Preparation of Colors for Bricks
The specified ingredients should all be obtained finely ground, and after being mixed in the proportions given should, in a saggar or some clay vessel, be ...
-Brick Bodies Requiring No Stain: Ivory
Cane marl.......... 16 parts Ball clay............ 12 parts Feldspar........:. . . 8 parts China clay.......... 6 parts Flint............... 4 parts Cream Ball ...
-Blue Paviors Bricks
Blue paving bricks may be produced with almost any kind of clay that will stand a fair amount of heat, by adopting the same methods as in the former case of ...
-Special Recipes For Pottery And Brick And Tile Works: Vitrifiable Bodies
The following mixtures will flux only at a very high heat. They require no glaze when a proper heat is attained, and they are admirably adapted for stoneware ...
-Ordinary Pottery Bodies And Glazes
Ordinary I China clay......... 2.5 parts Stone............. 1.5 parts Bone.............. 3 parts II China clay......... 5 parts Stone............. 2.5 parts ...
-Colored Pottery Bodies And Glazes
Ivory Body Ball clay..........22 parts China............ 5} parts Flint............. 5 parts Stone............. 3} parts Dark Drab Body Cane marl......... 30 ...
-Colored Glazes For Pottery: Blue
White glaze...... 100 parts Oxide of cobalt... 3 parts Red lead......... 10 parts Flowing blue..... 3 parts Enamel blue...... 3 parts Grind. Pink White glaze...
-White Glazes For Pottery
China Frit: I Stone............. 6 parts Niter............. 2 parts Borax............. 12 parts Flint.............. 4 parts Pearl ash.......... 2 parts To mill: ...
-Glazes
I Red lead......... 60 parts Stone............ 8 parts Red clay.......... 3 parts Best manganese. .. 5 parts II White lead........ 60 parts Feldspar..........
-Jet
Procure some first-class red marl, add water, and, by passing through a fine lawn, make it into a slip, and dip the ware therein. When fired use the following: ...
-Materials: Tin Ash
Old lead........... 4 parts Grain tin.......... 2 parts Melt in an iron ladle, and pour out in water, then spread on a dish, and calcine in glost oven with ...
-Production of Luster Colors on Porcelain and Glazed Pottery
The luster colors are readily decomposed by acids and atmospheric influences, because they do not contain, in consequence of the low baking temperature, enough ...
-Metallic Luster on Pottery
According to a process patented in Germany, a mixture is prepared from various natural or artificial varieties of ocher, to which 25-50 per cent of finely ...
-Metallic Glazes on Enamels
The formulas used by the Arabs and their Italian successors are partly disclosed in manuscripts in the British and South Kensington Museums; two are given ...
-To Toughen China
To toughen china or glass place the new article in cold water, bring to boil gradually, boil for 4 hours, and leave standing in the water till cool. Glass or ...
-Cheese Manufacture
The process of cheese making is one which is eminently interesting and scientific, and which, in every gradation, depends on principles which chemistry has ...
-Cheese Manufacture. Part 2
The transition of the insoluble into soluble casein depends upon the decomposition of the phosphate of lime by the margaric acid of the butter; margarate of ...
-Cheese Manufacture. Part 3
The storing of the newly made cheese is the next point that engages the attention of the maker and wholesale dealer. The same principles which influence the ...
-Cheese Varieties
American Factory Same as Cheddar. Brickbat Named from its form; made, in Wiltshire, of new milk and cream. Brie A soft, white, cream cheese of French origin.
-Cheese Varieties. Part 2
Gloucester Single Gloucester, from milk deprived of part of its cream; double Gloucester, from milk retaining the whole of the cream. Mild tasted, semi-buttery ...
-Cheese Varieties. Part 3
Roquefort From ewes' milk; the best prepared in France. It greatly resembles Stilton, but is scarcely of equal richness or quality, and possesses a peculiar ...
-Cheese Varieties. Part 4
Swiss The principal cheeses made in Switzerland are the Gruyère, the Neufchâtel, and the Schabzieger or green cheese. The latter is flavored with melitot.
-Chewing Gum Manufacture
The making of chewing gum is by no means the simple operation which it seems to be. Much experience in manipulation is necessary to succeed, and the published ...
-Spruce Chewing Gum
Spruce gum...... 20 parts Chicle........... 20 parts Sugar, powdered. . 60 parts Melt the gums separately, mix while hot, and immediately add the sugar, a ...
-China Riveting
China riveting is best left to practical men, but it can be done with a drill made from a splinter of a diamond fixed on a handle. If this is not to be had, ...
-Chocolate
Prepare 1,000 parts of finished cacao and 30 parts of fresh cacao oil, in a warmed, polished, iron mortar, into a liquid substance, add to it 800 parts of ...
-Cholera Remedies
Sun Cholera Mixture Tincture of opium... 1 part Tincture of capsicum. 1 part Tincture of rhubarb.. 1 part Spirit of camphor .... 1 part Spirit of peppermint..
-Making Cider
To Make Cider Pick the apples off the tree by hand. Every apple before going into the press should be carefully wiped. As soon as a charge of apples is ground, ...
-Cider Preservative
I The addition of 154 grains of bismuth subnitrate to 22 gallons of cider prevents, or materially retards, the hardening of the beverage on exposure to air; ...
-Bottling Sweet Cider
Champagne quarts are generally used for bottling cider, as they are strong and will stand pressure, besides being a convenient size for consumers. In making ...
-Imitation Cider
I A formula for an imitation cider is as follows: Rain water......... 100 gallons Honey, unstrained . . 6 gallons Catechu, powdered. 3 ounces Alum, powdered. ..
-Cigar Sizes and Colors
Cigars are named according to their color and shape. A dead-black cigar, for instance, is an Oscuro, a very dark-brown one is a Colorado, a medium brown is a ...
-How to Keep Cigars
Cigars kept in a case are influenced every time the case is opened. Whatever of taint there may be in the atmosphere rushes into the case, and is finally taken ...
-Cigar Flavoring
I. Macerate 2 ounces of cinnamon and 4 ounces of tonka beans, ground fine, in 1 quart of rum. II Moisten ordinary cigars with a strong tincture of cascarilla, ...
-Cigar Spots
The speckled appearance of certain wrappers is due to the work of a species of fungus that attacks the growing tobacco. In a certain district of Sumatra, which ...
-Clarifying
Clarification is the process by which any solid particles suspended in a liquid are either caused to coalesce together or to adhere to the medium used for ...
-Claying Mixture for Forges
Twenty parts fire clay; 20 parts cast-iron turnings; 1 part common salt; 0.5 part sal ammoniac; all by measure. The materials should be thoroughly mixed dry ...
-To Remove Stains From The Hands
Removal of Aniline-Dye Stains from the Skin Rub the stained skin with a pinch of slightly moistened red crystals of chromic trioxide until a distinct sensation ...
-Cleaning Gilded Articles
To Clean Gilt Frames and Gilded Surfaces Generally Dip a soft brush in alcohol to which a few drops of ammonia water has been added, and with it go over the ...
-Spot And Stain Removers: To Remove Aniline Stains
I Sodium nitrate...... 7 grains Diluted sulphuric acid 15 grains Water.............. 1 ounce Let the mixture stand a day or two before using. Apply to the spot ...
-Removal of Picric-Acid Stains
I Recent stains of picric acid may be removed readily if the stain is covered with a layer of magnesium carbonate, the carbonate moistened with a little water ...
-To Remove Finger Marks from Books, etc
I Pour benzol (not benzine or gasoline, but Merck's c. p. crystallizable) on calcined magnesia until it becomes a crumbling mass, and apply this to the spot, ...
-Cleaning Skins And Leather
See also Leather. To Clean Colored Leather Pour carbon bisulphide on non-vulcanized guttapercha, and allow it to stand about 24 ours. After shaking actively ...
-To Renovate Straw Hats
I Hats made of natural (uncolored) straw, which have become soiled by wear, may be cleaned by thoroughly sponging with a weak solution of tartaric acid in ...
-Waterproof Stiffening for Straw Hats
If a waterproof stiffening is required use one of the varnishes for which formulas follow: I Copal........... 450 parts Sandarac........ 75 parts Venice ...
-How to Clean a Panama Hat
Scrub with castile soap and warm water, a nail brush being used as an aid to get the dirt away. The hat is then placed in the hot sun to dry and in the course ...
-To Remove Old Oil, Paint, or Varnish Coats
I Apply a mixture of about 5 parts of potassium silicate (water glass, 36 per cent), about 1 part of soda lye (40 per cent), and 1 part of ammonia. The ...
-To Clean Brushes and Vessels of Dry Paint
(see also Brushes and Paints) The cleaning of the brushes and vessels in which the varnish or oil paint had dried is usually done by boiling with soda solution.
-To Remove Paint, Varnish, etc., from Wood
Varnish, paint, etc., no matter how old and hard, may be softened in a few minutes so that they can be easily scraped off, by applying the following mixture: ...
-Paste for Removing Old Paint or Varnish Coats
I Sodium hydrate. ..... 5 parts Soluble soda glass ... 3 parts Flour paste......... 6 parts Water.............. 4 parts II Soap............... 10 parts ...
-Two-Solution Ink Remover
I (a) Citric acid....... 1 part Concentrated solution of borax ... 2 parts Distilled water.... 16 parts Dissolve the acid in the water, add the borax solution, ...
-Ink Erasers
I Inks made with nut-galls and copperas can be removed by using a moderately concentrated solution of oxalic acid, followed by use of pure water and frequent ...
-Removing Ink Stains
I The material requiring treatment should first be soaked in clean, warm water, the superfluous moisture removed, and the fabric spread over a clean cloth. Now ...
-Cleaning Of Walls, Ceilings, And Wall Paper
See also Household Formulas. To Renovate Brick Walls Dissolve glue in water in the proportion of 1 ounce of glue to every gallon of water; add, while hot, a ...
-To Clean Painted Walls
A simple method is to put a little aqua ammonia in moderately warm water, dampen a flannel with it, and gently wipe over the painted surface. No scrubbing is ...
-Clothes And Fabric Cleaners: Soaps for Clothing and Fabrics
When the fabric is washable and the color fast, ordinary soap and water are sufficient for removing grease and the ordinarily attendant dirt; but special soaps ...
-Clothes-Cleaning Fluids
See also Household Formulas I Borax.............. 1 ounce Castile soap......... 1 ounce Sodium carbonate. .. 3 drachms Ammonia water..... 5 ounces Alcohol......
-To Remove Spots from Tracing Cloth
It is best to use benzine, which is applied by means of a cotton rag. The benzine also takes off lead-pencil marks, but does not attack India and other inks.
-To Clean Gold and Silver Lace
I Alkaline liquids sometimes used for cleaning gold lace are unsuitable, for they generally corrode or change the color of the silk. A solution of soap also ...
-To Remove Silver Stains from White Fabrics
Moisten the fabric for two or three minutes with a solution of 5 parts of bromine and 500 parts of water. Then rinse in clear water. If a yellowish stain ...
-Cleaning Tracings
Tracing cloth can be very quickly and easily cleaned, and pencil marks removed by the use of benzine, which is applied with a cotton swab. It may be rubbed ...
-Cleaning Painted And Varnished Surfaces: Cleaning and Preserving Polished Woodwork
Rub down all the polished work with a very weak alcoholic solution of shellac (1 to 20 or even 1 to 30) and linseed oil, spread on a linen cloth. The rubbing ...
-Glove Cleaners
Powder for Cleaning Gloves I White bole or pipe clay........... 60.0 parts Orris root (powdered) ......... 30.0 parts Powdered grain soap........... 7.5 parts ...
-Cleaning and Polishing Marble
I Marble that has become dirty by ordinary use or exposure may be cleaned by a simple bath of soap and water. If this does not remove stains, a weak solution ...
-Cleaning and Polishing Marble. Continued
VIII Iron mold or ink spots may be taken out in the following manner: Take 0.5 ounce of butter of antimony and 1 ounce of oxalic acid and dissolve them in 1 ...
-To Remove Grease Spots from Marble
If the spots are fresh, rub them over with a piece of cloth that has been dipped into pulverized china clay, repeating the operation several times, and then ...
-To Remove Rust from Iron or Steel Utensils
I Apply the following solution by means of a brush, after having removed any grease by rubbing with a clean, dry cloth: 100 parts of stannic chloride are ...
-To Remove Rust from Nickel
First grease the articles well; then, after a few-days, rub them with a rag charged with ammonia. If the rust spots persist, add a few drops of hydrochloric ...
-Metal Cleaning
Cleaning and Preserving Medals, Coins, and Small Iron Articles The coating of silver chloride may be reduced with molten potassium cyanide. Then boil the ...
-Cleaning Copper
I Use Armenian bole mixed into a paste with oleic acid. II Rotten stone....... 1 part Iron subcarbonate. . 3 parts Lard oil, a sufficient quantity. III Iron ...
-To Cleanse Nickel
I Fifty parts of rectified alcohol; 1 part of sulphuric acid; 1 part of nitric acid. Plunge the piece in the bath for 10 to 15 seconds, rinse it off in cold ...
-Silver-Coin Cleaner
Make a bath of 10 parts of sulphuric acid and 90 parts of water, and let the coin lie in this until the crust of silver sulphide is dissolved. Prom 5 to 10 ...
-To Remove Ink Stains on Silver
Silver articles in domestic use, and especially silver or plated inkstands, frequently become badly stained with ink. These stains cannot be removed by ...
-How to Renovate Bronzes
For gilt work, first remove all grease, dirt, wax, etc., with a solution in water of potassium or sodium hydrate, then dry, and with a soft rag apply the ...
-To Clean a Gas Stove
An easy method of removing grease spots consists in immersing the separable parts for several hours in a warm lye, heated to about 70 C. (158 F.), said lye to ...
-How to Clean Brass and Steel
To clean brasses quickly and economically, rub them with vinegar and salt or with oxalic acid. Wash immediately after the rubbing, and polish with tripoli arid ...
-Composition for Cleaning Copper, Nickel, and other Metals
Wool grease, 46 parts, by weight; fire clay, 30 parts, by weight; paraffine, 5 parts, by weight; Canova wax, 5 parts, by weight; cocoa-nut oil, 10 parts, by ...
-To Clean Zinc Articles
In order to clean articles of zinc, stir rye bran into a paste with boiling water, and add a handful of silver sand and a little vitriol. Rub the article with ...
-To Clean Aluminum
I Aluminum articles are very hard to clean so they will have a bright, new appearance. This is especially the case with the matted or frosted pieces. To ...
-How to Clean Tarnished Silver
I If the articles are only slightly tarnished, mix 3 parts of best washed and purified chalk and 1 part of white soap, adding water, till a thin paste is ...
-To Clean Dull Gold
I Take 80 parts, by weight, of chloride of lime, and rub it up with gradual addition of water in a porcelain mortar into a thin, even paste, which is put into ...
-Cleaning Gilded Bronzes
I Commence by removing the spots of grease and wax with a little potash or soda dissolved in water. Let dry, and apply the following mixture with a rag: ...
-To Clean Files
Files which have become clogged with tin or lead are cleaned by dipping for a few seconds into concentrated nitric acid. To remove iron filings from the file ...
-Grease- and Paint-Spot Eradicators
I Benzol........... 500 parts Benzine.......... 500 parts Soap, best white, shaved......... 5 parts Water, warm, sufficient. Dissolve the soap in the warm ...
-Removing Oil Spots from Leather
To remove oil stains from leather, dab the spot carefully with spirits of sal ammoniac, and after allowing it to act for a while, wash with clean water. This ...
-Watchmakers' And Jewelers' Cleaning Preparations
To Clean the Tops of Clocks in Repairing Sprinkle whiting on the top. Pour good vinegar over this and rub vigorously. Rinse in clean water and dry slowly in ...
-To Clean Gummed Up Springs
Dissolve caustic soda in warm water, place the spring in the solution and leave it there for about one half hour. Any oil still adhering may now easily be ...
-Cleaning Pearls
Pearls turn yellow in the course of time by absorbing perspiration on account of being worn in the hair, at the throat, and on the arms. There are several ways ...
-Glass Cleaning
Cleaning Preparation for Glass with Metal Decorations Mix 1,000 parts of denaturized spirit (96 per cent) with 150 parts, by weight, of ammonia; 20 parts of ...
-Cleaning Window Panes
Take diluted nitric acid about as strong as strong vinegar and pass it over the glass pane, leave it to act a minute and throw on pulverized whiting, but just ...
-Miscellaneous Cleaning Methods And Processes
Universal Cleaner Green soap....... 20 to 25 parts Boiling water...... 750 parts Liquid ammonia, caustic......... 30 to 40 parts Acetic ether........ 20 to 30 ...
-Substitutes For Coffee
I Acorn. From acorns deprived of their shells, husked, dried, and roasted. II Bean. Horse beans roasted along with a little honey or sugar. III Beet Root. From ...
-Cold and Cough Mixtures
Cough Syrup The simplest form of cough syrup of good keeping quality is syrup of wild cherry containing ammonium chloride in the dose of 2.5 grains to each ...
-Balsamic Cough Syrup
Balsam of Peru...... 2 drachms Tincture of Tolu .... 4 drachms Camphorated tincture of opium......... 4 ounces Powdered extract licorice............. 1 ounce ...
-Collodion
Turpentine......... 5 parts Ether and alcohol.... 10 parts Collodion........... 94 parts Castor oil........... 1 part Dissolve the turpentine in the ether and ...
-Chowchow
Curry powder....... 4 ounces Mustard powder..... 6 ounces Ginger............. 3 ounces Turmeric........... 2 ounces Cayenne............ 2 drachms Black pepper ...
-Essence of Extract of Soup Herbs
Thyme, 4 ounces; winter savory, 4 ounces; sweet marjoram, 4 ounces; sweet basil, 4 ounces; grated lemon peel, 1 ounce: eschalots, 2 ounces; bruised celery seed, ...
-Relishes
Digestive Relish I Two ounces Jamaica ginger; 2 ounces black peppercorns; 1 ounce mustard seed; 1 ounce coriander fruit (seed); 1 ounce pimento (allspice); 0.5 ...
-Curry Powder
I Coriander seed..... 6 drachms Turmeric.......... 5 scruples Fresh ginger....... 4.5 drachms Cumin seed........ 18 grains Black pepper....... 54 grains Poppy ...
-Table Sauces
Worcestershire Sauce Pimento............. 2 drachms Clove............... 1 drachm Black pepper......... 1 drachm Ginger.............. 1 drachm Curry powder.....
-Flavoring Spices
I Five ounces powdered cinnamon bark; 2.5 ounces powdered cloves; 2.5 ounces powdered nutmegs; 1.25 ounces powdered caraway seeds; 1.25 ounces powdered ...
-Mustard
The Prepared Mustards of Commerce The mustard, i. e., the flower or powdered seed, used in preparing the different condiments, is derived from three varieties ...
-Moutarde des Jesuittes
Twelve sardels and 280 capers are crushed into a paste and stirred into 3 pints of boiling wine vinegar. Add 4 ounces of brown cake and 8 ounces of yellow cake ...
-Tarragon Mustard, Sharp
This is prepared by adding to every 100 pounds of the above 21 ounces of white pepper, 5 ounces of pimento, and 2.5 ounces of cloves, mixing thoroughly by ...
-Confectionery
Cream Bonbons for Hoarseness Stir into 500 parts of cream 500 parts of white sugar. Put in a pan and cook, with continuous stirring, until it becomes brown and ...
-Candy Orange Drops
It is comparatively easy to make a hard candy, but to put the material into drop form apparently requires experience and a machine. To make the candy itself, ...
-A Good Summer Taffy
Place in a kettle 4 pounds of sugar, 3 pounds of glucose, and 1.5 pints of water; when it boils drop in a piece of butter half the size of an egg and about 2 ...
-Horehound Candy
Dutch crushed sugar. 10 pounds Cried horehound leaves 2 ounces Cream of tartar...... 3/4 ounce Water.............. 2 quarts Anise-seed flavoring, quantity ...
-Confectionery Colors
The following are excellent and entirely harmless coloring agents for the purposes named: Red Cochineal syrup prepared as follows: Cochineal, in coarse powder..
-Confectionery Colors. Continued
Violet Red violet........... 65 parts White dextrine...... 30 parts Potato flour......... 5 parts Carmine Green Woodruff (Waldmeis- ter) green......... 55 ...
-Voice and Throat Lozenges
Catechu........... 191 grains Tannic acid........ 273 grains Tartaric acid....... 273 grains Capsicin........... 30 minims Black-currant paste. 7 ounces ...
-Annealing Copper
Copper is almost universally annealed in muffles, in which it is raised to the desired temperature, and subsequently allowed to cool either in the air or in ...
-Annealing Copper. Continued
Burnt copper is nothing more or less than copper in the overpoled condition. This is brought about by the action of reducing gases in the muffle. By this means ...
-Copper Coloring
Blacking Copper To give a copper article a black covering, clean it with emery paper, heat gently in a Bunsen or a spirit flame, immerse for 10 seconds in ...
-Copying Printed Pictures
The so-called metallic paper used for steam-engine indicator cards has a smooth surface, chemically prepared so that black lines can be drawn upon it with ...
-Copying Process on Wood
If wood surfaces are exposed to direct sunlight the wood will exhibit, after 2 weeks action, a browning of dark tone in the exposed places. Certain parts of ...
-Strong Twine
An extraordinarily strong pack thread or cord, stronger even than the so-called Zuckerschnur, may be obtained by laying the thread of fibers in a strong ...
-Preservation of Fishing Nets
The following recipe for the preservation of fishing nets is also applicable to ropes, etc., in contact with water. Some have been subjected to long test. For ...
-Corks
Impervious Corks Corks which have been steeped in petrolatum are said to be an excellent substitute for glass stoppers. Acid in no way affects them and ...
-Corn Cures
I Salicylic-Acid Corn Cure. Extract cannabis indica, 1 part, by measure; salicylic acid, 10 parts, by measure; oil of turpentine, 5 parts, by measure; acetic ...
-Treatment of Bunions
Wear right and left stockings and shoes, the inner edges of the sole of which are perfectly straight. The bunion is bathed night and morning in a 4 per cent ...
-The Treatment of Corns
Any corn may be speedily and permanently cured. The treatment is of three kinds preventive, palliative, and curative. I The preventive treatment lies in ...
-Cold Cream
I Oil of almonds .... 425 parts Lanolin.......... 185 parts White wax........ 62 parts Spermaceti....... 62 parts Borax........... 4.5 parts Rose water.......
-Camphorated Cold Cream
Oil of sweet almonds ......... 8 fluidounces White wax........ 1 ounce Spermaceti........ 1 ounce Camphor......... 1 ounce Rose water....... 5 fluidounces ...
-Lip Salves
Pomades for the Lips Lip pomatum which is said always to retain a handsome red color and never to grow rancid is prepared as follows: I Paraffine.......... 80.
-Manicure Preparations: Powdered Nail Polishes
I Tin oxide.......... 8 drachms Carmine........... 1 drachm Rose oil........... 6 drops Neroli oil.......... 5 drops II Cinnabar.......... 1 drachm Infusorial ...
-Pomades
I Beef-Marrow Pomade. Vaseline oil, yellow ........20,000 parts Ceresine, yellow 3,000 parts Beef marrow .. 2,000 parts Saffron substitute ........ 15 parts ...
-Colors for Pomade
Pomade may be colored red by infusing alkanet in the grease; yellow may be obtained by using annotto in the same way; an oil-soluble chlorophyll will give a ...
-Rouges And Paints
Grease Paints Theatrical face paints are sold in sticks, and there are many varieties of color. Yellows are obtained with ocher; browns with burnt umber; and ...
-Black Grease Paints
I Soot............ 2 av. ounces Sweet almond oil. 2 fluidounces Cacao butter..... 6 av. ounces Perfume, sufficient. The soot should be derived from burning ...
-Fatty Face Powders
These have a small percentage of fat mixed with them in order to make the powder adhere to the skin. Dissolve 1 drachm anhydrous lanolin in 2 drachms of ether ...
-Liquid Rouge
I Carmine........... 4 parts Stronger ammonia water........... 4 parts Essence of rose .... 16 parts Rose water to make 500 parts Mix. A very delightful violet ...
-Peach Tint
a. Buffalo eosine .... 4 drachms Distilled water...... 16 fluidounces Mix. Pure hydrochloric acid............ 2.5 drachms Distilled water..... 64 fluidounces ...
-Blackhead Remedies
I Lactic acid......... 1 drachm Boric acid......... 1 drachm Ceresine........... 1 drachm Parafline oil........ 6 drachms Hydrous wool fat. .. 1.5 ounces ...
-Hand Creams And Lotions: Chapped Skin
I Glycerine........... 8 parts Bay rum............ 4 parts Ammonia water..... 4 parts Rose water.......... 4 parts Mix the bay rum and glycerine, add the ...
-Hand-Cleaning Paste
Cleaning pastes are composed of soap and grit, either with or without some free alkali. Any soap may be used, but a white soap is preferred. Castile soap does ...
-Perspiring Hands
I Take rectified eau de cologne, 50 parts (by weight); belladonna dye, 8 parts; glycerine, 3 parts; rub gently twice or three times a day with half a ...
-Massage Creams: Massage Application
White potash soap, shaved........... 20 parts Glycerine........... 30 parts Water.............. 30 parts Alcohol (90 per cent). 10 parts Dissolve the soap by ...
-Massage Skin Foods
This preparation is used in massage for removing wrinkles: I White wax......... 0.5 ounce Spermaceti........ 0.5 ounce Cocoanut oil....... 1 ounce Lanolin......
-Skin Bleaches, Balms, Lotions, Etc.
See also Cleaning Methods and Photography for removal of stains caused by photographic developers. Astringent Wash for Flabby Skin This is used to correct ...
-Emollient Skin Balm
Quince seed......... 0.5 ounce Water.............. 7 ounces Glycerine........... 1.5 ounces Alcohol............. 4.5 ounces Salicylic acid........ 6 grains ...
-Detergent for Skin Stains
Moritz Weiss has introduced a detergent paste which will remove stains from the skin without attacking it, is non-poisonous, and can be used without hot water.
-Almond Cold Creams
A liquid almond cream may be made by the appended formula. It has been known as milk of almond: I Sweet almonds.... 5 ounces White castile soap. 2 drachms ...
-Almond Cold Creams. Continued
VI Castor oil....... 500 parts White wax...... 100 parts Almond oil...... 150 parts Melt at moderate heat and scent with By weight. Geranium oil. ... 6 parts ...
-Chappine Cream
Quince seed......... 2 drachms Glycerine........... 1.5 ounces Water.............. 1.5 ounces Lead acetate........ 10 grains Flavoring, sufficient. Macerate ...
-Lanolin Creams
I Anhydrous lanolin. 650 parts Peach-kernel oil. .. 200 parts Water............ 150 parts Perfume with about 15 drops of ionone or 20 drops of synthetic ylang- ...
-Mucilage Creams
I Starch............ 30 parts Carrageen mucilage. 480 parts Boric acid......... 15 parts Glycerine.......... 240 parts Cologne water...... 240 parts Boil the ...
-Skin Cream for Collapsible Tubes
I White vaseline..... 6 ounces White wax......... 1 ounce Spermaceti........ 5 drachms Subchloride bismuth 6 drachms Attar of rose........ 6 minims Oil of ...
-Toilet Milks: Cucumber Milk
Simple cerate........ 2 pounds Powdered borax..... 11.5 ounces Powdered Castile soap 10 ounces Glycerine........... 26 ounces Alcohol............. 24 ounces ...
-Sunburn And Freckle Remedies
I Apply over the affected skin a solution of corrosive sublimate, 1 in 500, or, if the patient can stand it, 1 in 300, morning and evening, and for the night ...
-Freckle Remedies
I Poppy oil........... 1 part Lead acetate........ 2 parts Tincture benzoin.... 1 part Tincture quillaia. ... 5 parts Spirit nitrous ether... 1 part Rose water.
-Sunburn Remedies
I Zinc sulphocarbolate........... 1 part Glycerine........ 20 parts Rose water....... 70 parts Alcohol, 90 per cent........... 8 parts Cologne water.... 1 part ...
-Tan and Freckle Lotion
Solution A: Potassium iodide, iodine, glycerine, and infusion rose. Dissolve the potassium iodide in a small quantity of the infusion and a drachm of the ...
-Toilet Powders
Almond Powders for the Toilet I Almond meal.... 6,000 parts Bran meal.......3,000 parts Soap powder..... 600 parts Bergamot oil..... 50 parts Lemon oil.......
-Violet Poudre de Riz
I Cornstarch......... 7 pounds Rice flour........... 1 pound Powdered talc....... 1 pound Powdered orris root.. 1 pound Extract of cassia..... 3 ounces Extract ...
-Flesh Face Powder
Base.............. 9 pounds Powdered Florentine orris............ 1 pound Carmine No. 40..... 250 grains Extract of jasmine . . 100 minims Oil of neroli........
-Rose Talc
II Powdered talc..... 5 pounds Oil of rose........ 1/2 drachm Extract of jasmine . 4 ounces Tea-Rose Talc III Powdered talc..... 5 pounds Oil of rose.........









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