books



previous page: Henley's Twentieth Century Formulas Recipes Processes Vol1
  
page up: Reference Books
  
next page: Henley's Twentieth Century Formulas Recipes Processes Vol3

Henley's Twentieth Century Formulas Recipes Processes Vol2



Volume 2 of the book is containing ten thousand selected household and workshop formulas, recipes, processes and money-saving methods for the practical use of manufacturers, mechanics, housekeepers and home workers.

TitleHenley's Twentieth Century Formulas, Recipes And Processes
AuthorNorman W. Henley
PublisherThe Norman W. Henley Publishing Company
Year1916
Copyright1916, The Norman W. Henley Publishing Company

HENLEY'S TWENTIETH CENTURY

BOOK OF

RECIPES, FORMULAS AND PROCESSES

HENLEY'S TWENTIETH CENTURY

FORMULAS, RECIPES AND PROCESSES

CONTAINING TEN THOUSAND SELECTED HOUSEHOLD AND WORKSHOP FORMULAS, RECIPES, PROCESSES AND MONEY-SAVING METHODS FOR THE PRACTICAL USE OF MANUFACTURERS, MECHANICS, HOUSEKEEPERS AND HOME WORKERS

EDITED BY

GARDNER D. H1SCOX, M.E.

AUTHOR OF "MECHANICAL MOVEMENTS, POWERS AND DEVICES,"

"COMPRESSED AIR," "GAS, GASOLINE AND

OIL ENGINES," ETC., ETC.

NEW YORK

THE NORMAN W. HENLEY PUBLISHING COMPANY

2 WEST 45th STREET 1921

Copyright, 1916, 1914 and 1913, by THE NORMAN W. HENLEY PUBLISHING COMPANY

Copyright, 1912 and 1907, by

THE NORMAN W. HENLEY PUBLISHING COMPANY

Also, Entered at Stationers' Hall Court, London, England

All rights reserved

PRESS OF

PUBLISHERS PRINTING COMPANY

NEW YORK

-Toilet Vinegars
Pumillo Toilet Vinegar Alcohol, 80 per cent 1,600 parts Vinegar, 10 per cent............ 840 parts Oil of pinu spumillo 44 parts Oil of lavender..... 4 parts ...
-Rottmanner's Beauty Water
Koller says that this preparation consists of 1 part of camphor, 5 parts of milk of sulphur, and 50 parts of rose water. Birch Waters Birch water, which has ...
-Bleaching Of Cotton
I Bleaching by Steaming. The singed and washed cotton goods are passed through hydrochloric acid of 2 Be. Leave them in heaps during 1 hour, wash, pass through ...
-Tests For Cotton
I Cotton, when freed from extraneous matter by boiling with potash, and afterwards with hydrochloric acid, yields pure cellulose or absorbent cotton, which, ...
-To Distinguish Cotton from Linen
Take a sample about an inch and a half square of the cloth to be tested and plunge it into a tepid alcoholic solution of cyanine. After the coloring matter has ...
-Cottonseed Hulls As Stock Food
Cottonseed hulls or other material containing fiber difficult of digestion are thoroughly mixed with about 5 per cent of their weight of hydrochloric acid ( ...
-Court Plasters
(See also Plasters.) Liquid Court Plaster I If soluble guncotton is dissolved in acetone in the proportion of about 1 part, by weight, of the former to 35 or ...
-Crayons
See Pencils. Crayons For Graining And Marbling Heat 4 parts of water and 1 part of white wax over a fire until the wax has completely dissolved. Stir in 1 part ...
-Whipped Cream
There are many ways to whip cream. The following is very highly indorsed: Keep the cream on ice until ready to whip. Take 2 earthen vessels about 6 inches in ...
-Cresol Emulsion
One of the best starting points for the preparation is the creosote obtained from blast furnaces, which is rich in cresols and contains comparatively little ...
-Crocus
The substance known as crocus, which is so exceedingly useful as a polishing medium for steel, etc., may be very generally obtained in the cinders produced ...
-Custard Powder
Corn flour.......... 7 pounds Arrowroot.......... 8 pounds Oil of almond....... 20 drops Oil of nutmegs....... 10 drops Tincture of saffron to color. Mix the ...
-Damaskeening
Damaskeening, practiced from most ancient times, consists in ornamentally inlaying one metal with another, followed usually by polishing. Generally gold or ...
-Damaskeening by Electrolysis
Damaskeening of metallic plates may be done by electrolysis. A copper plate is covered with an isolating layer of feeble thickness, such as wax, and the ...
-Decalcomania Processes
See also Chromos, Copying Processes, and Transfer Processes. The decalcomania process of transferring pictures requires that the print (usually in colors) be ...
-Picture Transferrer
A very weak solution of soft soap and pearlashes is used to transfer recent prints, such as illustrations from papers, magazines, etc., to unglazed paper, on ...
-Dentifrices: Tooth Powders
A perfect tooth powder that will clean the teeth and mouth with thoroughness need contain but few ingredients and is easily made. For the base there is nothing ...
-Violet Tooth Powder
Precipitated chalk... . 1 pound Florentine orris...... 4 ounces Castile soap......... 1 ounce Sugar.............. 1.5 ounces Extract of violet..... 1/4 ounce ...
-Peppermint as a Flavor
In France and all over Europe peppermint is the popular flavor, as wintergreen is in this country. English apothecaries use sugar of milk and heavy calcined ...
-Antiseptic Powder
V Boric acid....... 50 parts Salicylic acid..... SO parts Dragon's blood... 20 parts Calcium carbonate........... 1,000 parts Essence spearmint. 12 parts ...
-Tooth Powders and Pastes
Although the direct object of these is to keep the teeth clean and white, they also prevent decay, if it is only by force of mere cleanliness, and in this way ( ...
-Tooth Powders and Pastes. Part 2
VIII Bleaching powder ....... 11 parts Red coral.... 12 parts IX Red cinchona bark...... 12 parts Magnesia.... 50 parts Cochineal... . 9 parts Alum....... 6 ...
-Tooth Powders and Pastes. Part 3
XVII Cinchona bark...... 50 parts Chalk....... 100 parts Myrrh....... 50 parts Orris root.. . . 100 parts Cinnamon. . . 50 parts Carbonate of ammonia.. 100 ...
-Tooth Powders and Pastes. Part 4
XXV Cream of tartar........ 120 parts Pumice...... 120 parts Alum. ....... 30 parts Cochineal.. . . 30 parts Bergamot oil. 3 parts Clove....... 3 parts Make to ...
-Neutral Tooth Powder
Potassium chlorate, 200 parts; starch, 200 parts; carmine lake, 40 parts; saccharine (in alcoholic solution), 1 part; vanillin (dissolved in alcohol), 1 part.
-Liquid Dentifrices And Tooth Washes
A French Dentifrice I A preparation which has a reputation in France as a liquid dentifrice is composed of alcohol, 96 per cent, 1,000 parts; Mitcham ...
-Tooth Soaps And Pastes: Tooth Soaps
I White castile soap . . 225 parts Precipitated chalk .. 225 parts Orris root......... 225 parts Oil of peppermint. . 7 parts Oil of cloves....... 4 parts ...
-Cherry Tooth Paste
III Clarified honey .. 100 drachms Precipitated chalk 100 drachms Powdered orris root.......... 100 drachms Powdered rose leaves........ 60 drops Oil of cloves.
-Mouth Washes
I Quillaia bark 125 parts Glycerine....... 95 parts Alcohol......... 155 parts Macerate for 4 days and add: Acid, carbol. cryst........ 4 parts Ol. geranii.....
-Mouth Washes. Continued
Foaming Orange VII Castile soap.... 29 drachms Oil orange..... 10 drops Oil cinnamon... 5 drops Distilled water.. 30 drachms Alcohol........ 90 drachms ...
-Depilatory Cream
The depilatory cream largely used in New York hospitals for the removal of hair from the skin previous to operations: I Barium sulphide. ... 3 parts Starch.....
-To Distinguish Genuine Diamonds
If characters or marks of any kind are drawn with an aluminum pencil on glass, porcelain, or any substance containing silex, the marks cannot be erased by ...
-Die Venting
Many pressmen have spent hours and days in the endeavor to produce sharp and full impressions on figured patterns. If all the deep recesses in deep-figured ...
-Digestive Powders And Tablets.
I Sodium bicarbonate. 93 parts Sodium chlorate. ... 4 parts Calcium carbonate.. 3 parts Pepsin............ 5 parts Ammonium carbonate............. 1 part II ...
-Disinfecting Fluids
I Creosote......... 40 gallons Rosin, powdered.. . 56 pounds Caustic soda lye,38 Tw............ 9 gallons Boiling water..... 12 gallons Methylated spirit. . 1 ...
-Disinfecting Fluids or Weed-Killers
I Cold water, 20 gallons; powdered rosin, 56 pounds; creosote oil, 40 gallons; sulphuric acid, 1/2 gallon; caustic soda lye, 30 B., 9 gallons. Heat water and ...
-Disinfecting Powders
I Sulphate of iron. . . 100 parts Sulphate of zinc. . . 50 parts' Oak bark, powder. 40 parts Tar.............. 5 parts Oil.............. 5 parts II Mix ...
-Cuspidor Powder
Peat rubble is ground to a powder, and 100 parts put into a mixing machine, which can be hermetically sealed. Then 15 parts of blue vitriol are added either ...
-Formaldehyde for Disinfecting Books, Papers, etc
The property of formaldehyde of penetrating all kinds of paper, even when folded together in several layers, may be utilized for a perfect disinfection of ...
-General Disinfectants
I Alum............. 10 ounces Sodium carbonate .. 10 ounces Ammonium chloride 2 ounces Zinc chloride....... 1 ounce Sodium chloride. ... 2 ounces Hydrochloric ...
-Odorless Disinfectants
I Ferric chloride..... 4 parts Zinc chloride....... 5 parts Aluminum chloride. 5 parts Calcium chloride ... 4 parts Manganese chloride 3 parts Water............
-Dog Biscuit
The waste portions of meat and tallow, including the skin and fiber, have for years been imported from South American tallow factories in the form of blocks.
-Doses For Adults And Children
The usual method pursued by medical men in calculating the doses of medicine for children is to average the dose in proportion to their approximate weight or ...
-Dyes
In accordance with the requirements of dyers, many of the following recipes describe dyes for large quantities of goods, but to make them equally adapted for ...
-Dyes. Part 2
Chestnut Brown for Straw Bonnets For 25 hats, use ground sanders, 1.5 pounds; ground curcuma, 2 pounds; powdered gallnuts or sumac, 3/4 pound; rasped logwood, ...
-Dyes. Part 3
Aniline Blue To 100 pounds of fabric, dissolve 1.25 pounds aniline blue in 3 quarts hot alcohol, strain through a filter, and add it to a bath of 130 P.; also ...
-Gray Dyes
Slate Dye for Silk For a small quantity, take a pan of warm water and about a teacupful of logwood liquor, pretty strong, and a piece of pearlash the size of a ...
-Green Dyes
Aniline Green for Silk Iodine green or night green dissolves easily in warm water. For a liquid dye 1 pound may be dissolved in 1 gallon alcohol, and mixed ...
-Purple And Violet Dyes
Aniline Violet and Purple Acidulate the bath by sulphuric acid, or use sulphate of soda; both these substances render the shade bluish. Dye at 212 F. To give a ...
-Red, Crimson, And Pink Dyes
Aniline Red Inclose the aniline in a small muslin bag. Have a kettle (tin or brass) filled with moderately hot water and rub the substance out. Then immerse ...
-Yellow, Orange, And Bronze Dyes
Aniline Yellow This color is slightly soluble in water, and for dyers' use may be used directly for the preparation of the bath dye, but is best used by ...
-Feather Dyes
I Cut some white curd soap in small pieces, pour boiling water on them, and add a little pearlash. When the soap is quite dissolved, and the mixture cool ...
-Dyes For Artificial Flowers
The French employ velvet, fine cambric, and kid for the petals, and taffeta for the leaves. Very recently thin plates of bleached whalebone have been used for ...
-Dyes For Furs
I Brown. Use tincture of logwood. II Red. Use ground brazil wood, 0.5 pound; water, 10.5 quarts; cochineal, 0.5 ounce; boil the brazil wood in the water 1 hour; ...
-Dyes For Hats
The hats should be at first strongly galled by boiling a long time in a decoction of galls with a little logwood so that the dye may penetrate into their ...
-Liquid Dye Colors
These colors, thickened with a little gum, may be used as inks in writing, or as colors to tint maps, foils, artificial flowers, etc., or to paint on velvet: I ...
-Unclassified Dyers' Recipes
To Cleanse Wool Make a hot bath composed of water, 4 parts; and urine, 1 part; enter the wool, teasing and opening it out to admit the full action of the ...
-Dyes And Dyestuffs
Prominent among natural dyestuffs is the coloring matter obtained from logwood and known as hæmatein. The color-forming substance (or chromogen), hæmatoxylin, ...
-Non-Poisonous Textile and Egg Dyes for Household Use
The preparation of non-poisonous colors for dyeing fabrics and eggs at home constitutes a separate department in the manufacture of dye-stuffs. Certain classes ...
-Fast Stamping Color
Rub up separately, 20 parts of cupric sulphate and 20 parts of anilic hydrochlorate, then mix carefully together, after adding 10 parts of dextrin. The mixture ...
-Scarlet Lake
In a vat holding 120 gallons provided with good agitating apparatus, dissolve 8 pounds potash alum in 10 gallons hot water and add 50 gallons cold water.
-Maroon Lake
Take of a mixture made of: 2/3 Sapan wood..............56 parts 1/3 Lima wood...............56 parts Soda crystals......42 parts Alum.............56 parts ...
-Black Lakes For Wall-Paper Manufacture
Bluish-Black Lake Boil well 220 parts of Domingo logwood in 1,000 parts of water to which 2 parts of ammonia soda have been added; to the boiling logwood add ...
-Dyes, Colors, Etc., For Textile Goods
Aniline Black This black is produced by carefully oxidizing aniline hydrochloride. The exact stage of oxidation must be carefully regulated or the product will ...
-To Dye Woolen Yarns, etc., Various Shades of Magenta
To prepare the dye bath dissolve 1 pound of roseine in 15 gallons of water. For a concentrated solution use only 10 gallons of water, while if a very much ...
-Dyeing Silk Or Cotton Fabrics With Aniline Dyes
Aniline Blue on Cotton Prepare a dye bath by dissolving 1 pound of aniline blue (soluble in spirit) in 10 gallons of water, and set it aside to settle.
-Dyeing Silk Or Cotton Fabrics. Continued (with Aniline Dyes)
Soluble Blue, Ball Blue, etc A soluble blue has for many years been readily obtainable in commerce which is similar in appearance to Prussian blue, but, unlike ...
-Eggs
The age of eggs may be approximately judged by taking advantage of the fact that as they grow old their density decreases through evaporation of moisture.
-To Discover the Age of Eggs
The most reliable method of arriving at the age of hens' eggs is that by specific gravity. Make a solution of cooking salt (sodium chloride) in rain or ...
-Weights of Eggs
The following table shows the variation in weight between eggs of the same family of chickens and of the comparative value of the product of different kinds of ...
-Dried Yolk of Egg
To prepare this, the yolks of eggs, separated from the whites, are thoroughly mixed with J their weight of water. The resulting emulsion is strained and ...
-The Preservation of Eggs
The spoiling of eggs is due to the entrance of air carrying germs through the shells. Normally the shell has a surface coating of mucilaginous matter, which ...
-Elaine Substitute
A substitute for elaine for woolen yarns is obtained by boiling 4 pounds carrageen moss in 25 gallons water for 3 hours. The soda is then put in and the ...
-Electroplating and Electro-typing
(See also Plating.) Process Of Electroplating First, clean the articles to be plated. To remove grease, warm the pieces before a slow fire of charcoal or coke, ...
-Silvering
For amateurs a bath of 10 parts silver per 1,000 is sufficient. Dissolve 150 parts nitrate of silver, equivalent to 100 parts pure silver, in 10,000 parts of ...
-Some Notes On Electrotyping, Plating, And Gilding
The first step in the process is the preparation of the mold. The substance originally used for the construction of this was plaster of Paris. This substance ...
-Elm Tea
Powdered slippery elm bark....... 2 teaspoonfuls (or the equivalent in whole bar) Boiling water...... 1 cup Sugar, enough. Lemon juice, enough. Pour the water ...
-Embalming Fluids
Success in the use of any embalming fluid depends largely on manipulation, an important part of the process being the thorough removal of fluid from the ...
-Emery
Emery Grinder Shellac, melted together with emery and fixed to a short metal rod, forms the grinder used for opening the holes in enameled watch dials and ...
-Emulsifiers
Rosin Soap as an Emulsifier The soap should be made by boiling gently for 2 hours, in an evaporating dish, a mixture of 1,800 grains rosin and 300 caustic soda ...
-Enameling
(See also Ceramics, Glazes, Paints, Waterproofing, and Varnishes.) Commercial Enameling Commercial enameling includes: (1) Hollow ware enameling for domestic ...
-Commercial Enameling. Continued
The approximate quantities of each constituent will be given later, but it must always be remembered that no hard-and-fast line can be laid down. Chemicals ...
-Commercial Enameling. Constituents
Alkalies Of the alkalies which are necessary to produce complete fusion of and combination with the quartz, soda is chiefly applied in enamel manufactures, as ...
-Commercial Enameling. Constituents. Continued
Lime Lime is in the form of carbonate of calcium when used. Magnesium Carbonate is used only in small quantities in enamel mixings. It necessitates a higher ...
-Comparison of Hollow Ware and Sign-Tablet Enameling
The enameling for sign tablets is much the same as for hollow ware; the mixings are practically alike, but, as a general rule, the mixing is applied in a much ...
-Copper Enameling
On a clean copper surface the enameling process is easy. The foundation glaze is not essential, and when required the most beautiful results of blended colors ...
-From the Sheet to the Sign Tablet
The plates are generally in lengths of 6 feet by 2 feet, 6 feet by 3 feet, etc., the gauge generally being from 14 to 22, according to the size and class of ...
-From the Sheet to the Sign Tablet. Continued
Stage V The coating of the plate with white is the next stage. The temperature of fusion of the white glaze is lower than that of the gray, so that the plate ...
-From the Sheet to the Hollow Ware
In hollow-ware enameling, the iron is received in squares, circles, or oblongs, of the size required for the ware to be turned out. It is soft and ductile, and ...
-Stoves and Furnaces
Fritting and Fusing. The best results are obtained in enameling when the thoroughly ground and mixed constituents are fused together, reground, and then ...
-Melting and Melting Furnaces
The arrangement of the melting furnace must be such as to protect the whole of the crucible from chills. The usual pit furnaces, with slight modifications, are ...
-Fusing The Enamel
For fusing the enamel muffle furnaces are used; these furnaces are simple in construction, being designed specially for: (1) Minimum consumption of fuel; (2) ...
-Fuel
The consumption of fuel in an enameling factory is the most serious item of the expenditure. Ill-constructed or badly proportioned stoves may represent any ...
-Mills
Any hard substances must first be broken up and pounded in a pounding or stamping mill, or in any other suitable manner, thus reducing the lumps to a granular ...
-Enamel Mixing
All constituents of which an enamel glaze is composed must be intimately mixed together. This can only be done by reducing each to a fine powder and thoroughly ...
-Defects in the Gray or Ground Coating
Chipping is the most disastrous. This may be prevented by the addition of some bitter salt, say from 3 to 4 per cent of the weight of the frit. The addition of ...
-Defects in the Glaze or White
A bad white may be due to its being insufficiently opaque. More oxide of tin is required. Cracks may be prevented by the addition of carbonate of ammonia.
-Wasters and Seconds: Repairing Old Articles
In all enameling there must be certain articles turned out which are defective, but the percentage should never be very great. The causes which most frequently ...
-Enameled Iron Recipes
The first thing is to produce a flux to fuse at a moderate heat, which, by flowing upon the plate, forms a uniform surface for the white or colored enamels to ...
-Fusible Enamel Colors
The following colors, are fusible by heat, and are all suitable for the decoration of china and glass. In the following collection of recipes certain terms are ...
-Preparation Of Enamels
The base of enamel is glass, colored different shades by the addition of metallic oxides mixed and melted with it. The oxide of cobalt produces blue; red is ...
-Jewelers' Enamels
Melt together: Transparent Red Cassius gold purple, 65 parts, by weight; crystal glass, 30 parts, by weight; borax, 4 parts, by weight. Transparent Blue ...
-Various Enamels for Precious Metals: White
Crystal glass, 30 parts, by weight; oxide of tin, 6 parts, by weight; borax, 6 parts, by weight; dioxide of arsenic, 2 parts, by weight, or silicious sand, 50 ...
-Engraving Spoon Handles
After the first monogram has been engraved, rub it with a mixture of 3 parts of beeswax, 3 of tallow, 1 of Canada balsam, and 1 of olive oil. Remove any ...
-Restoration of Old Prints
Old engravings, woodcuts, or printed sheets that have turned yellow may be rendered white by first washing carefully in water containing a little hyposulphite ...
-Preservation of Fruit Juices
The juices of pulpy fruits, when fresh, contain an active principle known as pectin, which is the coagulating substance that forms the basis of fruit jellies.
-Prevention of Foaming and Partial Caramelization of Fruit Juices
Fresh fruit juices carry a notable amount of free carbonic acid, which must make its escape on heating the liquid. This will do easily enough if the juice be ...
-Essences And Extracts: Almond Extracts
I. Oil of bitter almonds 90 minims Alcohol. 94 per cent, quantity sufficient to make 8 ounces. II Oil of bitter almonds 80 minims Alcohol........... 7 ounces ...
-Apple Syrup
I Peel and remove the cores of, say, 5 parts of apples and cut them into little bits. Put in a suitable vessel and pour over them a mixture of 5 parts each of ...
-Coffee Extracts
In making coffee extract, care must be used to avoid extracting the bitter properties of the coffee, as this is where most manufacturers fail; in trying to get ...
-Cucumber Essence
Press the juice from cucumbers, mix with an equal volume of alcohol and distil. If the distillate is not sufficiently perfumed, more juice may be added and the ...
-Soluble Essence of Ginger
II. The following is Harrop's method of proceeding: Fluid extract of ginger (U. S.)........ 4 ounces Pumice, in moderately fine powder . . 1 ounce Water enough ...
-Hop Syrup
A palatable preparation not inferior to many of the so-called hop bitters: Hops............... 2 parts Dandelion.......... 2 parts Gentian............ 2 parts ...
-Lemon Essences
I Macerate the cut-up fresh peelings of 40 lemons and 30 China oranges in 8 quarts of alcohol and 2 quarts of water, for 2 or 3 days, then distil off 8 quarts.
-Natural Lemon Juice
I Take 4.20 parts of crystallized citric acid; 2 parts essence of lemons; 3 parts of alcohol of 96 per cent; 0.5 part calcium carbonate; 50 + 1/20 parts sodium ...
-Nutmeg Essence
Oil of nutmeg, 2 drachms; mace, in powder, 1 ounce; alcohol, 95 per cent, deodorized, 32 ounces. Dissolve the oil in the alcohol by agitation, add the mace, ...
-Orange Extract
Grated peel of 24 oranges; alcohol, 1 quart; water, 1 quart; oil of orange, 4 drachms. Macerate the orange peel and oil of orange with alcohol for 2 weeks. Add ...
-Peach Extract
Linalyl formate..... 120 minims Amyl valerianate.... 8 drachms Fluid extract orris. .. 2 ounces Oenanthic ether. ... 2 drachms Oil rue (pure German) ...........
-Raspberry Syrup, without Alcohol or Antiseptics
The majority of producers of fruit juices are firmly convinced that the preservation of these juices without the addition of alcohol, salicylic acid, etc., is ...
-Deep Red Raspberry Syrup
A much deeper and richer color than that ordinarily attained may be secured by adding to crushed raspberries, before fermentation, small quantities of sugar, ...
-Sarsaparilla, Soluble Extract
Pure oil of winter-green.......... 5 fluidrachms Pure oil of sassafras........... 5 fluidrachms Pure oil of anise........ 5 fluidrachms Carbonate of magnesium..
-Strawberry Juice
Put into the water bath 1,000 parts of distilled water and 600 parts of sugar and boil, with constant skimming, until no more scum arises. Add 5 parts of ...
-Tea Extract
I Best Souchong tea. 175 parts Cinnamon........ 3 parts Cloves........... 3 parts Vanilla........... 1 part Arrack........... 800 parts Rum............. 200 ...
-Tonka Extract
Tonka beans........ 1 ounce Magnesium carbonate, quantity sufficient. Balsam of Peru...... 2 drachms Sugar.............. 4 ounces Alcohol............. 8 ounces ...
-Vanilla Extracts
I Vanilla, in fine bits, 250 parts, is put into 1,350 parts of mixture, of 2,500 parts 95 per cent alcohol, and 1,500 parts distilled water. Cover tightly, put ...
-Cheap Vanilla Extracts
X Vanilla beans, chopped fine . . 5 parts Tonka beans, powdered..... 10 parts Sugar, powdered. 14 parts Alcohol, 95 per cent.......... 25 parts Water, quantity ...
-White Pine and Tar Syrup
White pine bark .... 75 parts Wild cherry bark.... 75 parts Spikenard root..... 10 parts Balm of Gilead buds 10 parts Sanguinaria root. ... 8 parts Sassafras ...
-Harmless Colors For Use In Syrups, Etc.
Red Cochineal syrup, prepared as follows: I Cochineal in coarse powder.......... 6 parts Potassium carbonate.............. 3 parts Distilled water..... 15 ...
-To Test Fruit Juices and Syrups for Aniline Colors
Add to a sample of the syrup or juice, in a test tube, its own volume of distilled water, and agitate to get a thorough mixture, then add a few drops of the ...
-Syrups Selected from the Formulary of the Pharmaceutical Society of Antwerp
Dionine Syrup Dionine, 1 part; distilled water, 19 parts; simple syrup, 1,980 parts. Mix. Jaborandi Syrup Tincture of jaborandi, 1 part; simple syrup, 19 parts.
-General Instructions for Etching
In etching, two factors come into consideration, (1) that which covers that part of the metal not exposed to the etching fluid (the resist), and (2) the ...
-Etching: For Strongly Acid Solutions
I Black pitch, 1 part; Japanese wax, 2 parts; rosin, 1.5 parts; Damar rosin, 1 part, melted together and mixed with turpentine oil, 1 part. II. Heavy black ...
-Etching Fluids
The etching fluid is usually poured over the metallic surface, which is enclosed in a border, as described before. If the whole object is to be put into the ...
-Relief Etching of Copper, Steel, and Brass
Instead of nitric acid, which has a tendency to lift up the etching-ground, by evolution of gases, it is better to use a mixture of potassium bichromate, 150 ...
-Etching Fluid for Zinc
Boil pounded gallnuts, 40 parts, with water, 560 parts, until the whole amounts to 200 parts; filter, and add nitric acid, 2 parts, and a few drops of ...
-Electro-Etching
This differs from ordinary etching in the use of a bath, which does not of itself affect the metal, but is made capable of doing so by the galvanic current.
-Etching on Copper
I In order to do regular and quick etching on copper take a copper plate silvered on the etching side. Trace on this plate, either with varnish or lithographic ...
-Etching Fluids for Copper
I A new etching fluid for copper plate is hydrogen peroxide, to which a little dilute ammonia water is added. It is said to bite in very rapidly and with great ...
-Hydrofluoric Formulas
I Dissolve about 0.72 ounces fluoride of soda with 0.14 ounces sulphate of potash in 0.5 pint of water. Make another solution of 0.28 ounces chloride of zinc ...
-Etching Glass by Means of Glue
It is necessary only to cover a piece of ordinary or flint glass with a coat of glue dissolved in water in order to see that the layer of glue, upon ...
-Indelible Labels on Bottles
To affix indelible labels on bottles an etching liquid is employed which is produced as follows: Liquid I, in one bottle Dissolve 36 parts of sodium fluoride ...
-Etching on Steel
The print should be heavily inked and powdered with dragon's blood several times. After each powdering heat slightly and additional powder will stick, forming ...
-Explosives
Explosives may be divided into two great classes mechanical mixtures and chemical compounds. In the former the combustible substances are intimately mixed with ...
-Dynamite
Dynamite is ordinarily made up of 75 per cent nitro-glycerine, 25 per cent infusorial earth; dualme contains 80 per cent nitro-glycerine, 20 per cent nitro- ...
-Smokeless Powder
The base of smokeless powders is nitrated cellulose which has been treated in one of various ways to make it burn slower than gun cotton, and also to render it ...
-Safety in Explosives
Ammoniacal salts have been used in the manufacture of explosives to render them proof against firedamp, but not with the full-success desired. Ammonium ...
-Inflammable Explosive with Chlorate of Potash
Take as an agent promoting combustion, potassium chlorate; as a combustible agent, an oxidized, nitrated, or natural rosin. If, to such a mixture, another body ...
-Gun Cotton
For the production of a high-grade gun cotton, it is important that the cotton used should approach as near as possible pure cellulose. The waste from cotton ...
-Soluble Gun Cotton
Soluble gun cotton is made on the same lines, except that greater attention has to be paid to the physical condition of the cotton used, and to the temperature ...
-Fulminates
Fulminating Antimony Tartar emetic (dried), 100 parts; lampblack or charcoal powder, 3 parts. Triturate together, put into a crucible that it will three- ...
-Eye Lotions
Black Eye Lotion Black eyes or other temporary discolorations of the skin may be disguised by the application of pink grease paint, or collodion colored by ...
-Fats
Bear Fat Fresh bears' fat is white and very similar to lard in appearance. The flank fat is softer and more transparent than the kidney fat, and its odor ...
-Fatty Acid Fermentation Process
The production of fatty acids from fats and oils by fermentation is growing in importance. These particulars, which are the actual results from recent ...
-Feather Bleaching And Coloring
See also Dyes. Bleaching and Coloring Feathers Feathers, in their natural state, are not adapted to undergo the processes of dyeing and bleaching; they must be ...
-Plant Fertilizers
Plants are as sensitive to excessively minute quantities of nutrient substances, such as salts of potassium, in the soil, as they are to minute quantities of ...
-Artificial Fertilizers for Pot Plants
Experiments on vegetation have shown that a plant will thrive when the lacking substances are supplied in a suitable form, e. g., in the following combinations: ...
-Artificial Fertilizers for Pot Plants. Continued
VII Calcium phosphate......... 4 ounces Potassium nitrate 1 ounce Potassium phosphate......... 1 ounce Magnesium sulphate......... 1 ounce Iron (ferric) ...
-Preparing Bone for Fertilizer
Bone, in its various forms, is the only one of the insoluble phosphates that is now used directly upon the soil, or without other change than is accomplished ...
-Brewers' Yeast and Fertilizers
A mixture is made of about 2 parts of yeast with 1 part of sodium chloride and 5 parts of calcium sulphate, by weight, for use as a manure. Pure or impure ...
-Files
Composition Files These files, which are frequently used by watchmakers and other metal workers for grinding and polishing, and the color of which resembles ...
-Filters For Water
A filter which possesses the advantages of being easily and cheaply cleaned when dirty, and which frees water from mechanical impurities with rapidity, may be ...
-Alum Process of Water Purification
Water may be filtered and purified by precipitation, by means of alum, by adding a 4 per cent solution to the water to be clarified until a precipitate is no ...
-Fire Extinguishers
I Calcium chloride. 184 parts Magnesium chloride........... 57 parts Sodium chloride.. 13 parts Potassium bromide ......... 22 parts Barium chloride. . 3 parts ...
-Dry Powder Fire Extinguishers
The efficacy of these is doubted by good authorities. They should be tested before adoption. I Alum............. 24 parts Ammonium sulphate 52 parts Ferrous ...
-Substitute for Fire Grenades
A common quart bottle filled with a saturated solution of common salt makes a cheap and efficient substitute for the ordinary hand grenade. The salt forms a ...
-Fireproofing For Textiles
I Up to the present this has generally been accomplished by the use of a combination of water glass or soluble glass and tungstate of soda. The following is ...
-Fireproofing of Wood
Strictly speaking, it is impossible to render wood completely incombustible, but an almost absolute immunity against the attacks of fire can be imparted. Gay- ...
-Fireproofing Wood Pulp
The pulp is introduced into a boiler containing a hot solution of sulphate and phosphate of ammonia and provided with a stirring and mixing apparatus, as well ...
-Miscellaneous Formulas For Fireproofing
I In coating steel or other furnaces, first brush over the brickwork to be covered a solution made by boiling 1 pound each of silicate of soda and alum in 4 ...
-Fish Bait
Oil of rhodium...... 3 parts Oil of cumin......... 2 parts Tincture of musk .... 1 part Mix. Put a drop or two on the bait, or rub trigger of trap with the ...
-Fixatives For Crayon Drawings, Etc.
I Shellac....... 40 Parts Sandarac..... 20 by Spirit of wine. 940 weight. II During the Civil War, when both alcohol and shellac often were not purchasable, ...
-To Fix Pounced Designs
Take beer or milk or alcohol, in which a little bleached shellac has been dissolved, and blow one of these liquids upon the freshly pounced design by means of ...
-Floor Dressings
(See also Paint, Polishes, Waxes, and Wood.) Oil Stains for Hard Floors I Burnt sienna, slate brown, or wine black, is ground with strong oil varnish in the ...
-Flower Preservatives
I To preserve flowers they should be dipped in melted paraffine, which should be just hot enough to maintain its fluidity. The flowers should be dipped one at ...
-Stuccoed Gypsum Flowers
Take natural flowers, and coat the lower sides of their petals and stamens with paraffine or with a mixture of glue, gypsum, and lime, which is applied lightly.
-Fluorescent Liquids
Æsculin gives pale blue by (1) reflected light, straw color by (2) transmitted light. Amido-phthalic acid, pale violet (1), pale yellow (2). Amido-terephthalic ...
-Fly-Papers and Fly-Poisons
(See also Insecticides.) Sticky Fly-Papers The sticky material applied to the paper is the following: I Boiled linseed oil. 5 to 7 parts Gum thus....... 2 to 3 ...
-Removing the Gum of Sticky Fly-Paper
The gum of sticky fly-paper that has leaked over furniture and shelfware can be removed without causing injury to either furniture or bottles. The gum of ...
-Foam Preparations
A harmless gum cream is the following: I Digest 100 parts of Panama wood for 8 days with 400 parts of water and 100 parts of spirits of wine (90 per cent).
-Food Adulterants, Simple Tests For Their Detection
Abstract of a monograph by W. D. Bigelow and Burton 3. Howard, published by the Department of Agriculture. Generally speaking, the methods of chemical analysis ...
-Food Adulterants: Chemical Reagents
The word reagent is applied to any substance used to effect chemical change in another substance for the purpose of identifying its component parts or ...
-Detection of Salicylic Acid
The determination of salicylic acid can best be made with liquids. Solid and semisolid foods, such as jelly, should be dissolved, when soluble, in sufficient ...
-Determination of Artificial Colors: Detection of Coal-Tar Dyes
Coloring matters used with foods are usually soluble in water. If the food under examination be a liquid, it may therefore be treated directly by the method ...
-Detection of Copper
The presence of copper, often used to deepen the green tint of imported canned peas, beans, spinach, etc., may be detected as follows: Mash some of the sample ...
-Detection of Turmeric
In yellow spices, especially mustard and mace, turmeric is often employed. This is especially true of prepared mustard to which a sufficient amount of starch ...
-Examination Of Certain Classes Of Foods
Canned Vegetables These are relatively free from adulteration by means of foreign substances. The different grades of products may with care be readily ...
-Physical Tests Of Certain Classes Of Foods
The difference between the genuine ground coffee and the adulterated article can often be detected by simple inspection with the naked eye. This is ...
-Adulterating Butter
Methods are available which, with a little practice, may be employed to distinguish between fresh butter, renovated or process butter, and oleomargarine. These ...
-Adulterating Milk
The oldest and simplest method of adulterating milk is by dilution with water. This destroys the natural yellowish-white color and produces a bluish tint, ...
-Freshness of Edible Oils
With the exception of cottonseed oil, the adulterants ordinarily used with edible oils are of such a nature that the experience of a chemist and the facilities ...
-Freshness of Eggs
There is no better method for the testing of the freshness of an egg than the familiar one of candling, which has long been practiced by dealers. The room is ...
-Flavoring Extracts
Although a large number of flavoring extracts are on the market, vanilla and lemon extracts are used so much more commonly than other flavors that a knowledge ...
-Examination of the Rosin
If pure vanilla extract be evaporated to about one-third its volume the rosins become insoluble and settle to the bottom of the dish. Artificial extracts ...
-Fruit Products Adulteration
Adulteration of fruit products is practically confined to jellies and jams. Contrary to the general belief, gelatin is never used in making fruit jelly. In the ...
-Meat Products Adulteration
As in many other classes of foods, certain questions important in the judgment of meats require practical experience and close observation rather than chemical ...
-Spices Adulteration
Although ground spices are very frequently adulterated, there are few methods that may be used by one who has not had chemical training, and who is not skilled ...
-Vinegar
A person thoroughly familiar with vinegar can tell much regarding the source of the article from its appearance, color, odor, and taste. If a glass be rinsed ...
-Food Colorants
(Most, if not all, of these colorants are injurious and should therefore be used with extreme caution.) Sausage Color To dye sausage red, certain tar dyestuffs ...
-Infant Foods
Infants' (Malted) Food I Powdered malt .... 1 ounce Oatmeal (finest ground)......... 2 ounces Sugar of milk...... 4 ounces Baked flour........ 1 pound Mix ...
-Various Meat Preservatives
(Most of these are considered injurious by the United States Department of Agriculture and should therefore be used with extreme caution.) The Preservation of ...
-Meat Preservatives
I. Barmenite Corning Agent: For every 100 parts, by weight, take 25.2 parts, by weight, of saltpeter; 46.8 parts, by weight, sodium chloride; 25.7 parts, by ...
-Extract of Meat Containing Albumen
In the ordinary production of meat extract, the albumen is more or less lost, partly through precipitation by the acids or the acid salts of the meat extract, ...
-Foot-Powders and Solutions
The following foot-powders have been recommended as dusting powders: I Boric acid......... 2 ounces Zinc oleate......... 1 ounce Talcum........... 3 ounces II ...
-Commercial Formaldehyde
This extremely poisonous preservative is obtained by passing the vapors of wood spirit, in the presence of air, over copper heated to redness. The essential ...
-Freezing Preventives
Liquid for Cooling Automobile Engines In order to prevent freezing of the jacket water, when the engine is not in operation in cold weather, solutions are used, ...
-Frost Bite
When the skin is as yet unbroken, Hugo Kuhl advises the following: I Carbolized water. .. 4 drachms Nitric acid......... 1 drop Oil of geranium .... 1 drop Mix.
-How to Keep Fruit
According to experiments of Max de Nansouty, fruit carefully wrapped in silk paper and then buried in dry sand will preserve a fresh appearance with a fresh ...
-Fumigating Candles
I Lime wood charcoal, 6,000 parts, by weight, saturated with water (containing saltpeter, 150 parts, by weight, in solution), and dried again, is mixed with ...
-Fumigating Perfumes
These are used for quickly putting down bad odors in the sick room, etc. They are decidedly antiseptic, and fulfil their purpose admirably. I Select good white ...
-Fumigating Ribbon
I Take 0.5-inch cotton tape and saturate it with niter; when dry, saturate with the following tincture: Benzoin........... 1 ounce Orris root.......... 1 ounce ...
-Furs
To Clean Furs For dark furs, warm a quantity of new bran in a pan, taking care that it does not burn, to prevent which it must be briskly stirred. When well ...
-Furnace Jacket
A piece of asbestos millboard 10 inches by 4 inches by 3/8 inch is perforated in about a dozen or more places with glycerined cork borers, then nicked about an ...
-Chemical Gardens
See also Sponges. I Put some sand into a fish-globe or other suitable glass vessel to the depth of 2 or 3 inches; in this place a few pieces of sulphate of ...
-Gelatin
French Gelatin Gelatin is derived from two sources, the parings of skins, hides, etc., and from bones. The latter are submitted to the action of dilute ...
-Artificial Gems
See also Diamonds. The raw materials for the production of artificial gems are the finest silica and, as a rule, finely ground rock crystals; white sand and ...
-Glass
Bent Glass This was formerly used for show cases; its use in store fronts is becoming more and more familiar, large plates being bent for this purpose. It is ...
-Cutting, Drilling, Grinding And Shaping Glass
To Cut Glass I Glass may be cut without a diamond. Dip a piece of common string in alcohol and squeeze it reasonably dry. Then tie the string tightly around ...
-To Grind Glass
For the grinding of glass, iron, or steel laps and fine sand are first used; after that, the sand is replaced by emery. Then the polishing is started with pure ...
-Gilding Glass
When it is desired to gild glass for decorative purposes use a solution of gelatin in hot water, to which an equal quantity of alcohol has been added. The ...
-Glass Manufacturing
See also Ceramics. The blue tint of the common poison bottle is got by the addition of black oxide of cobalt to the molten glass; the green tint of the actinic ...
-Water-Tight Glass
Water-Tight Glass Roofs Glass roofs, the skeletons of which are constructed of iron, are extremely difficult to keep water-tight, as the iron expands and ...
-Pencils For Marking Glass
See also Etching and Frosted Glass.
-Crayons for Writing on Glass
I The following is a good formula: Spermaceti.......... 4 parts Tallow............. 3 parts Wax............... 2 parts Red lead........... 6 parts Potassium ...
-Prevention Of Glass Fogging, Dimming, And Clouding
I Place a few flat glass or porcelain dishes with calcium chloride in each window. This substance eagerly absorbs all moisture from the air. The contents of ...
-Frosted Glass
I A frosted appearance may be given to glass by covering it with a mixture of Magnesium sulphate. 6 ounces Dextrin............. 2 ounces Water.............. 20 ...
-Hoarfrost Glass
The feathery foams traced by frost on the inside of the windows in cold weather may be imitated as follows: The surface is first ground either by sand-blast or ...
-To Render Window Panes Opaque
I. Panes may be rendered mat and non-transparent by painting them on one side with a liquid prepared by grinding whiting with potash water-glass solution.
-Frosted Mirrors
I Cover with a solution of Epsom salts in stale beer; apply with a sponge to the mirror, first wiping it clean and dry. On drying, the Epsom salt crystallizes, ...
-Crystalline Coatings or Frostwork on Glass or Paper
Dissolve a small quantity of dextrin (gum arabic and tragacanth are not so suitable) in aqueous salt solution as concentrated as possible, for instance, in ...
-Removing Window Frost
Here are fourteen methods of preventing frost on windows, arranged in the order of their efficacy: 1, Flame of an alcohol lamp; 2, sulphuric acid; 3, aqua ...
-Writing On Glass
See also Etching and Inks. Composition for Writing on Glass To obtain mat designs on glass, take sodium fluoride, 35 parts; potassium sulphate, 7 parts; zinc ...
-Glazes Processes
(See also Ceramics, Enamels, Paints, and Varnishes.) Glazes for Cooking Vessels Melt a frit of red lead, 22.9 parts (by weight); crystallized boracic acid, 31 ...
-Glue Formulas
(Formulas for Glues and methods of manufacturing Glue will be found under Adhesives.) Rendering Glue Insoluble in Water Stuebling finds that the usual mixture ...
-Glycerine Formulas
Recovering Glycerine from Soap Boiler's Lye I Glycerine is obtained as a by-product in making soap. For many years the lyes were thrown away as waste, but now ...
-Gold Printing on Oilcloth and Imitation Leather
Oilcloth can very easily be gilt if the right degree of heat is observed. After the engraving has been put in the press, the latter is heated slightly, so that ...
-Liquid Gold
Take an evaporating dish, put into it 880 parts, by weight, of pure gold; then 4,400 parts, by weight, of muriatic acid, and 3,520 parts, by weight, nitric ...
-Preparation of Balsam of Sulphur
Take 16 parts oil of turpentine; 2.5 parts spirits of turpentine; 8 parts flour of sulphur. Place all in a chemical pot and heat until it boils; continue the ...
-Treatment of Brittle Gold
I Add to every 100 parts, by weight, 5 to 8 parts, by weight, of cupric chloride and melt until the oily layer which forms has disappeared. Then pour out, and ...
-Gold Welding
Gold may be welded together with any metal, if the right methods are employed, but best with copper. Some recipes for welding agents are here given. I Two ...
-Gold from Acid Coloring Baths
I Different lots are to be poured together and the gold in them recovered. The following method is recommended: Dissolve a handful of phosphate of iron in ...
-To Remove Gold from Silver
I Gold is taken from the surface of silver by spreading over it a paste, made of powdered sal ammoniac with aqua fortis and heating it till the matter smokes ...
-Gold Purple
I The solution of stannous chloride necessary for the preparation of gold purple is produced by dissolving pure tin in pure hydrochloric acid (free from iron), ...
-Gold-Leaf Striping
To secure a good job of gilding depends largely for its beauty upon the sizing. Take tube chrome yellow ground in oil, thin with wearing body varnish, and ...
-White-Gold Plates Without Solder
The gold serving as a background for white-gold is rolled in the desired dimensions and then made perfectly even under a powerful press. It is then carefully ...
-Formalin Treatment of Seed Grain for Smut
Smut is a parasitic fungus, and springs from a spore (which corresponds to a seed in higher plants). This germinates when the grain is seeded and, penetrating ...
-Gravel Walks
For cleaning gravel walks any of the following may be used : I Gas-tar liquor. II Rock salt (cattle salt). III Hydrochloric acid. IV Sulphuric acid. V Fresh ...
-Gravers
To Prepare Gravers for Bright-Cutting. Set the gravers after the sharpening on the oilstone on high-grade emery (tripoli) paper. Next, hone them further on the ...
-Grindstones
To Mend Grindstones The mending of defective places in grindstones is best done with a mass consisting of earth-wax (so-called stone-pitch), 5 parts, by weight; ...
-Gums Formulas
(See also Adhesives, under Mucilages.) Gums, their Solubility in Alcohol The following table shows the great range of solubility of the various gums, and of ...
-Gunpowder
See Explosives. Gunpowder Stains A stain produced by the embedding of grains of gunpowder in the skin is practically the same thing as a tattoo mark. The ...
-Gutta-Percha Substitute
I A decoction of birch bark is first prepared, the external bark by preference, being evaporated. The thick, black residue hardens on exposure to the air, and ...
-Method of Hardening Gypsum and Rendering it Weather-Proof
Gypsum possesses only a moderate degree of strength even after complete hardening, and pieces are very liable to be broken off. Various methods have been tried, ...
-Hair For Mounting
The microscopist or amateur, who shaves himself, need never resort to the trouble of embedding and cutting hairs in the microtome in order to secure very thin ...
-Hair Preparations: Dandruff Cures
The treatment of that condition of the scalp which is productive of dandruff properly falls to the physician, but unfortunately the subject has not been much ...
-Hair-Curling Liquids
It is impossible to render straight hair curly without the aid of the iron or paper and other curlers. But it is possible, on the other hand, to make ...
-Hair Dressings And Washes: Dressings for the Hair
I Oil of wintergreen . 20 drops Oil of almond, essential.......... 35 drops Oil of rose, ethereal 1 drop Oil of violets ..... 30 drops Tincture of canthar- ...
-Lanolin Hair Wash
Extract 4 parts quillaia bark with 36 parts water for several days, mix the percolate with 4 parts alcohol, and filter after having settled. Agitate 40 parts ...
-Hair Dyes
There is no hair dye which produces a durable coloration; the color becomes gradually weaker in the course of time. Here are some typical formulas in which a ...
-Brown Hair Dyes
A large excess of ammonia tends to produce a brownish dye. Various shades of brown may be produced by increasing the amount of water in the silver solution. It ...
-Hair Restorers And Tonics: Falling of the Hair
After the scalp has been thoroughly cleansed by the shampoo, the following formula is to be used: Salicylic acid........ 1 part Precipitate of sulphur. 2.5 ...
-For Falling Hair
I Hydrochloric acid 75 parts Alcohol.........2,250 parts The lotion is to be applied to the scalp every evening at bedtitne. II Tincture of cinchona 1 part ...
-Pomade Recipes
I Cinchona Pomade. Ox marrow........ 100 drachms Lard.............. 70 drachms Sweet almond oil.... 17 drachms Peru balsam........ 1 drachm Quinine sulphate. ..
-Pinaud Eau de Quinine
The composition of this nostrum is not known. Dr. Tsheppe failed to find in it any constituent of cinchona bark. The absence of quinine from the mixture ...
-Shampoos
A Hair Shampoo is usually a tincture of odorless soft soap. It is mostly perfumed with lavender and colored with green aniline. Prepared the same as tr. sapon.
-Liquid Shampoos
I. Fluid extract of soap-bark .... 10 parts Glycerine....... 5 parts 10 parts Alcohol........ 20 parts 30 parts II Soft soap....... 24 parts Potassium carbon- ...
-Shampoo Pastes
I white castile soap, in shavings .... Ammonia water. . 2 ounces 2 fluidounces Bay rum, or cologne water. . .. Glycerine........ Water........... 1 fluidounce ...
-Egg Shampoo
Whites of......... 2 eggs 5 fluidounces 3 fluidounces 1/3 fluidounce 4 fluidounces Water............ Water of ammonia. Cologne water Beat the egg whites to a ...
-Dyeing Straw Hats
The plan generally followed is that of coating the hats with a solution of varnish in which a suitable aniline dye has dissolved. The following preparations ...
-Headache Remedies
See also Pain Killers. Headache Cologne As a mitigant of headache, cologne water of the farina type is refreshing. Oil of neroli........ 6 drachms Oil of ...
-Hedge Mustard
Hedge mustard (erysimum) was at one time a popular remedy in France for hoarseness, and is still used in country districts, but is not often prescribed. Liquid ...
-Mounting Herbarium Specimens
A matter of first importance, after drying the herbarium specimens, is to poison them, to prevent the attacks of insects. This is done by brushing them over on ...
-Hectograph Inks
(See also Inks) The writing to be copied by means of the hectograph is done on good paper with an aniline ink. Formulas for suitable ones are appended. It is ...
-Honey
Honey Clarifier For 3,000 parts of fresh honey, take 875 parts of water, 150 parts of washed, dried, and pulverized charcoal, 70 parts of powdered chalk, and ...
-Horn
Artificial Horn To prepare artificial horn from compounds of nitro-cellulose and casein, by hardening them and removing their odor of camphor, the compounds ...
-How to Lay Galvanized Iron Roofing
The use of galvanized iron for general roofing work has increased greatly during the past few years. It has many features which commend it as a roofing ...
-Applications for Prickly Heat
Many applications for this extremely annoying form of urticaria have been suggested and their efficacy strongly urged by the various correspondents of the ...
-Cleaning and Polishing Linoleum
Wash the linoleum with a mixture of equal parts of milk and water, wipe dry, and rub in the following mixture by means of a cloth rag: Yellow wax, 5 parts; ...
-Lavatory Deodorant
Sodium bicarbonate.. 5 ounces Alum.............. 5.5 ounces Potassium bromide... 4 ounces Hydrochloric acid enough. Water enough to make 4 pints. To 3 parts of ...
-Removal of Odors from Wooden Boxes, Chests, Drawers, etc
This is done by varnishing them with a solution of shellac, after the following manner: Make a solution of shellac, 1,000 parts; alcohol, 90 per cent to 95 per ...
-Stencil Marking Ink that will Wash Out
Triturate together 1 part of fine soot and 2 parts of Prussian blue, with a little glycerine; then add 3 parts of gum arabic and enough glycerine to form a ...
-To Make Loose Nails in Walls Rigid
As soon as a nail driven in the wall becomes loose and the plastering begins to break, it can be made solid and firm by the following process: Saturate a bit ...
-How to Keep Lamp Burners in Order
In the combustion of coal oil a carbonaceous residue is left, which attaches itself very firmly to the metal along the edge of the burner next the flame. This ...
-To Remove the Odor from Pasteboard
Draw the pasteboard through a 3 per cent solution of viscose in water. The pasteboard must be calendered after drying. To Remove Woody Odor To get rid of that ...
-To Keep Flies Out of a House
Never allow a speck of food to remain uncovered in dining room or pantry any length of time after meals. Never leave remnants of food exposed that you intend ...
-An Easy Way to Wash a Heavy Comfortable
Examine the comfortable, and if you find soiled spots soap them and scrub with a small brush. Hang the comfortable on a strong line and turn the hose on. When ...
-To Do Away with Wiping Dishes
Make a rack by putting a shelf over the kitchen sink, slanting it so that the water will drain off into the sink. Put a lattice railing about 6 inches high at ...
-A Convenient Table
Ten common-sized eggs weigh 1 pound. Soft butter, the size of an egg, weighs 1 ounce. One pint of coffee and of sugar weighs 12 ounces. One quart of sifted ...
-How to Make a Cellar Waterproof
The old wall surface should be roughened and perfectly cleaned before plastering is commenced. It may be advisable to put the first coat on not thicker than 0.
-Removing Old Wall Paper
Some paper hangers remove old paper from walls by first dampening it with water in which a little baking soda has been dissolved, the surface being then gone ...
-Stained Ceilings
Take unslaked white lime, dilute with alcohol, and paint the spots with it. When the spots are dry which will be soon, as the alcohol evaporates and the lime ...
-To Overcome Odors in Freshly Papered Rooms
After the windows and doors of such rooms have been closed, bring in red-hot coal and strew on this several handfuls of juniper berries. About 12 hours later ...
-Treatment of Damp Walls
I A good and simple remedy to obviate this evil is caoutchouc glue, which is prepared from rubber hose. The walls to be laid dry are first to be thoroughly ...
-To Protect Papered Walls from Vermin
It is not infrequent that when the wall paper becomes defective or loose in papered rooms, vermin, bed bugs, ants, etc., will breed behind it. In order to ...
-Care of Refrigerators
See that the sides or walls of all refrigerators are occasionally scoured with soap, or soap and slaked lime.
-Dust Preventers
Against the beneficial effects to be observed in the use of most preparations we must place the following bad effects: The great smoothness and slipperiness of ...
-Hydrometer And Its Use
Fill the tall cylinder or test glass with the spirit to be tested and see that it is of the proper temperature (60 F.). Should the thermometer indicate a ...
-Hygrometers And Hygroscopes
Paper Hygrometers Paper hygrometers are made by saturating white blotting paper with the following liquid and then hanging up to dry: Cobalt chloride...... 1 ...
-Ice
See also Refrigeration. Measuring the Weight of Ice A close estimate of the weight of ice can be reached by multiplying together the length, breadth, and ...
-Igniting Composition
Eight parts of powdered manganese, 10 parts of amorphous phosphorus, and 5 parts of glue. The glue is soaked in water, dissolved in the heat, and the manganese ...
-Inks
BLUEPRINT INKS I For red-writing fluids for blueprints, take a piece of common washing soda the size of an ordinary bean, and dissolve it in 4 tablespoonfuls ...
-Drawing Inks
Blue Ruling Ink Good vitriol, 4 ounces; indigo, 1 ounce. Pulverize the indigo, add it to the vitriol, and let it stand exposed to the air for 6 days, or until ...
-Glass, Celluloid, And Metal Inks
See also Etching. Most inks for glass will also write on celluloid and the metals. The following I and II are the most widely known recipes: I In 500 parts of ...
-Ink for Writing on Glazed Cardboard
The following are especially recommended for use on celluloid: I Dissolve 4 drachms of brown shellac in 4 ounces of alcohol. Dissolve 7 drachms of borax in 6 ...
-Indelible Inks for Glass or Metal
Schobel recommends the following inks for marking articles of glass, glass slips for microscopy, reagent flasks, etc., in black: I Sodium silicate.....1 to 2 ...
-Perpetual Ink
I Pitch, 3 pounds; melt over the fire, and add of lampblack, | pound; mix well. II Trinidad asphaltum and oil of turpentine, equal parts. Used in a melted ...
-Gold Ink
I The best gold ink is made by rubbing up gold leaf as thoroughly as possible with a little honey. The honey is then washed away with water, and the finely ...
-Indelible Inks
These are also frequently called waterproof, incorrodible, or indestructible inks. They are employed for writing labels on bottles containing strong acids and ...
-India, China, Or Japan Ink
Ink by these names is based on lampblack, and prepared in various ways. Many makes flow less easily from the pen than other inks, and are less durable than ink ...
-Ink Powders And Lozenges
Any of these powders may, by the addition of mucilage of gum arabic, be made into lozenges or buttons the ink buttons or ink stones in use abroad and much ...
-LITHOGRAPHIC INKS
These are for writing on lithographic stones or plates: I Mastic (in tears), 8 ounces; shellac, 12 ounces; Venice turpentine, 1 ounce. Melt together, add wax, ...
-II. (Lasteyrie)
Dry tallow soap, mastic (in tears), and common soda (in fine powder), of each, 30 parts; shellac, 150 parts; lampblack, 12 parts. Mix as indicated in Formula I.
-Marking Or Labeling Inks
Black Marking Inks I Borax........... 60 parts Shellac........... 180 parts Boiling water.....1,000 parts Lampblack, a sufficient quantity. Dissolve the borax ...
-Printing Inks
Black printing inks owe their color to finely divided carbon made from lampblack, pine-wood, rosin oil, etc., according to the quality of the ink desired. The ...
-Boiling the Linseed Oil
This process, although it goes by the name of boiling, is not so in the proper sense of the word, but a heating having for its object an initial oxidation of ...
-Toning Black Inks
Printers' inks consisting solely of purified lampblack and vehicle give, of course, impressions which are pure black. It is, however, well known that a black ...
-Inks For Stamp Pads
The ink used on vulcanized rubber stamps should be such that when applied to a suitable pad it remains sufficiently fluid to adhere to the stamp. At the same ...
-Inks for Hand Stamps
As an excipient for oily inks, a mixture of castor oil and crude oleic acid, in parts varying according to the coloring material used, is admirable. The ...
-Color Stamps for Rough Paper
It has hitherto been impossible to get a satisfactory application for printing with rubber stamps on rough paper. Fatty vehicles are necessary for such paper, ...
-Stencil Inks
I Dissolve 1 ounce of gum arabic in 6 ounces water, and strain. This is the mucilage. For Black Color use drop black, powdered, and ground with the mucilage to ...
-Sympathetic Inks
Table of Substances Used in Making Sympathetic Inks For writing and for bringing out the writing: Cobalt chloride, heat. Cobalt acetate and a little saltpeter, ...
-Typewriter Ribbon Inks
I Take vaseline (petrolatum) of high boiling point, melt it on a water bath or slow fire, and incorporate by constant stirring as much lamp or powdered drop ...
-Coloring Agents
Red I Bordeaux red, O. S. 15 parts Aniline red, O. S... . 15 parts Crude oleic acid. ... 45 parts Castor oil enough to make 1,000 parts Rub the colors up with ...
-Writing Inks
The common writing fluids depend mostly upon galls, logwood, or aniline for coloring. There are literally thousands of formulas. A few of the most reliable ...
-Copying Ink
This is usually prepared by adding a little sugar to ordinary black ink, which for this purpose should be very rich in color, and preferably made galls ...
-Copying Ink for Copying Without a Press
An ordinary thin-paper copying book may be used, and the copying done by transferrence. It is only necessary to place the page of writing in the letter book, ...
-Hectograph Inks Formulas
(see also Hectograph) T. Black. Methyl violet, 10 parts; nigrosin, 20 parts; glycerine, 30 parts; gum arabic, 5 parts; alcohol, 60 parts. II. Blue. Resorcin ...
-Inks for Shading Pen
The essential feature in the ink for use with a shading pen is simply the addition of a sufficient quantity of acacia or other mucilaginous substance to impart ...
-Waterproof Ink
(see also Indelible Inks) Any ordinary ink may be made waterproof by mixing with it a little ordinary glue. After waterproofing ink in this way it is possible ...
-Inlaying By Electrolysis
See also Electro-etching, under Etching. The process consists in engraving the design by means of the sand-blast and stencils on the surface of the article.
-Remedies For Insect Bites
I Carbolic acid....... 15 grains Glycerine.......... 2 drachms Rose water......... 4 ounces II Salicylic acid....... 15 grains Collodion.......... 2.5 drachms ...
-The Use of Hydrocyanic Acid Gas for Exterminating Household Insects
Recent successful applications of hydrocyanic acid gas for the extermination of insects infecting greenhouse plants have suggested the use of the same remedy ...
-Fly Protectives for Animals
I Oil of cloves....... 3 parts Bay oil........... 5 parts Eucalyptus tincture 5 parts Alcohol.......... 150 parts Water............ 200 parts II Tar well ...
-Insecticides for Animals
I Bay oil........... 500 Naphthalene..... 100 Camphor........ 60 Parts Animal oil........ 25 by II Bay oil, pressed. .. 400 weight Naphthalene..... 100 Crude ...
-Poultry Lice Destroyer
I Twenty pounds sublimed sulphur; 8 pounds fuller's earth; 2 pounds powdered naphthalene; 1/2 ounce liquid carbolic acid. Mix thoroughly and put up in half- ...
-Ant Destroyers
A most efficacious means of getting rid of ants is spraying their resorts with petroleum. The common oil is worth more for this purpose than the refined. Two ...
-Bedbug Destroyers
A good bug killer is benzine, pure and simple, or mixed with a little oil of mirbane. It evaporates quickly and leaves no stain. The only trouble is the ...
-Fly-Killers
A fly poison that is harmless to man may be made from quassia wood as follows: Quassia.........1,000 parts Molasses....... 150 parts Alcohol......... 50 parts ...
-Remedies Against Human Parasites
By weight I Yellow wax....... 85 parts Spermaceti....... 60 parts Sweet oil......... 500 parts Melt and add: Boiling distilled water.......... 150 parts After ...
-Insecticides For Plants
Two formulas for insecticides with especial reference to vermin which attack plants: I Kerosene........... 2 gallons Common soap...... 1/2 pound Water..........
-Insecticides For Plants. Part 2
For Moths and Caterpillars I Venice turpentine 200 parts Rosin...........1,000 parts Turpentine...... 140 parts Tar............. 80 parts Lard............ 500 ...
-Insecticides For Plants. Part 3
Coating Against the Plant Louse (a) Mix 75 parts of green soap, 50 parts of linseed oil, and 25 parts of carbolic acid. Afterwards mix the mass with 15,000 ...
-Insect Powders
Pyrethrum, whale oil (in the form of soap), fish oil (in the form of soap), soft soap, paraffine, Prussic acid, Paris green, white lead, sulphur, carbon ...
-Insect Powder Formulas
Beetle Powder Cocoa powder....... 4 ounces Starch.............. 8 ounces Borax.. ............. 37 ounces Mix thoroughly. Remedies Against Mosquitoes A remedy ...
-Insect Trap
Into a china wash-basin, half filled with water, pour a glass of beer; cover the basin with a newspaper, in the center of which a small round hole is cut.
-Insulating Varnishes
For earth cables and exposed strong current wires: I Melt 2 parts of asphalt together with 0.4 parts of sulphur, add 5 parts of linseed-oil varnish, linseed ...
-Insulation Against Heat
An asbestos jacket is the usual insulator for boilers, steampipes, etc. The thicker the covering around the steam-pipe, the more heat is retained. A chief ...
-Leather Waste Insulation
Portions of leather, such as the fibers of sole leather of any size and form, are first rendered soft. The surface is then carded or the surface fibers ...
-Insulation Against Moisture, Weather, Etc.
Experiments have shown that with the aid of red lead a very serviceable, resistive, and weatherproof insulation material may be produced from inferior fibers, ...
-Iodine Solvent
Iodine is quickly dissolved in oils by first rubbing up 'the iodine with one-fourth of its weight of potassium iodide and a few drops of glycerine, then adding ...
-Iron
(See also Metals and Steel.) To Color Iron Blue One hundred and forty parts of hyposulphite of soda are dissolved in 1,000 parts of water; 35 parts of acetate ...
-Ivory
(See also Bones, Shell, and Horn.) To Color Ivory Red The article is placed for 24 hours in water, 1,000 parts of which carry 100 parts of vinegar (acetic acid, ...
-To Color Billiard Balls Red
Fiery Red Wash the article first in a solution of carbonate of soda, then plunge for a few seconds in a bath of equal parts of water and nitric acid. Remove, ...
-Etching on Ivory (see also Etching)
Although decorations on ivory articles, such as umbrella handles, cuff-buttons, fans, book-covers, boxes, etc., are generally engraved, the work is frequently ...
-Flexible Ivory
To soften ivory and render it flexible put pure phosphoric acid (specific gravity, 1.13) into a wide-mouthed bottle or jar that can be covered, and steep the ...
-Manufacture of Compounds Imitating Ivory, Shell, etc
Casein, as known, may act the part of an acid and combine with bases to form caseinates or caseates; among these compounds, caseinates of potash, of soda, and ...
-Ivory And Bone Bleaches
If simply dirty, scrub with soap and tepid water, using an old tooth or nail brush for the purpose. Grease stains may be sometimes removed by applying a paste ...
-Jewelers' Formulas
(See also Gems, Gold, and Watchmakers' Recipes.) Coloring Gold Jewelry Following are several recipes for coloring: Saltpeter, 40 parts; alum, 30 parts; sea ...
-Shades of Red, etc., on Matt Gold Bijouterie
For the production of the red and other shades on matt gold articles, the so-called gold varnishes are employed, which consist of shellac dissolved in alcohol ...
-To Matt Gilt Articles
If it is desired to matt gilt articles partly or entirely, the portions which are to remain burnished are covered with a mixture of chalk, sugar, and mucilage, ...
-To Refine Board Sweepings
The residue resulting from a jobbing jeweler's business, such as board sweepings and other residuum, which is continually accumulating and which invariably ...
-22-Carat Solder
Soldering is a process which, by means of a more fusible compound, the connecting surfaces of metals are firmly secured to each other, but, for many practical ...
-Imitations of Gold
I Platina, 4 pennyweights; pure copper, 2.25 pennyweights; sheet zinc, 1 pennyweight; block tin, 1.75 pennyweights; pure lead, 1.5 pennyweight. If this should ...
-Gold Solders (see also Solders)
I Copper, 24.24 parts; silver, 27.57 parts; gold, 48.19 parts. II Enamel Solder. Copper, 25 parts; silver, 7.07 parts; gold, 67.93 parts. III Copper, 26.55 ...
-Brass Formulas
I Yellow Brass for Turning. (Common article.) Copper, 20 pounds; zinc, 10 pounds; lead, 4 ounces. II Copper, 32 pounds; zinc, 10 pounds; lead, 1 pound. III Red ...
-Gold Alloys
See also Gold Alloys, under Alloys. Gold of 22 carats fine being so little used is intentionally omitted. I Gold of 18 Carats, Yellow Tint. Gold, 15 ...
-Sterling Gold Alloys
I Fine gold, 18 pennyweights, 12 grains; fine silver, 1 pennyweight; fine copper, 12 grains. II Dry Colored Gold Alloys, 17 Carat. Fine gold, 15 pennyweights; ...
-To Quickly Remove a Ring from a Swollen Finger
If the ring is of gold, pull the folds of the swollen muscles apart, so that it can be seen, then drop on it a little absolute alcohol and place the finger in ...
-Soldering a Jeweled Ring
In order to prevent the bursting of the jewels of a ring while the latter is being soldered, cut a juicy potato into halves and make a hollow in both portions ...
-To Clean Jewelry
See Cleaning Preparations and Methods. Kalsomine Sodium carbonate... 8 parts Linseed oil......... 32 parts Hot water.......... 8 parts White glue......... 12 ...
-Sizing Walls for Kalsomine
A size to coat over hot walls for the reception of the kalsomine is made by using shellac, 1 part; sal soda, 1/2 part. Put these ingredients in J gallon of ...
-Kerosene Deodorizer
See also Benzine, Oils; and Petroleum. Various processes have been recommended for masking the odor of kerosene such as the addition of various essential oils, ...
-Koumiss Substitute
See also Beverages. To prepare a substitute tor koumiss from cow's milk: Dissolve 1/2 ounce grape sugar in 3 fluid ounces water. Mix 18 grains well washed and ...
-Lac And The Art Of Lacquering
The art of lacquering includes various steps, which are divulged as little as possible. Without them nothing but a varnish of good quality would be realized.
-Lacquer for Aluminum
Dissolve 100 parts of gum lac in 300 parts of ammonia, and heat the solution for about 1 hour moderately on the water bath. After cooling, the mixture is ready ...
-Colored Lacquer
Make a strong solution of any coloring matter which is soluble in methylated spirit, such as cochineal, saffron, the aniline dyes, etc. Filter through fine ...
-Gold Lacquers
I For Brassware. A gold lacquer to improve the natural color of brassware is prepared from 16 parts gum lac; 4 parts dragon's blood, and 1 part curcuma powder ...
-Lacquer for Microscopes, Mathematical Instruments, etc
Pulverize 160 parts, by weight, turmeric root, cover it with 1,700 parts alcohol, digest in a warm place for 24 hours, and then filter. Dissolve 80 parts ...
-Miscellaneous Recipes: Russian Polishing Lac
I Sticklac.......... 925 parts Sandarac ........ 875 parts Larch turpentine.. . 270 parts Alcohol, 96 per cent 3,500 parts The sticklac is broken up and mixed ...
-Production of Lampblack
The last oil obtained in the distillation of coal tar, and freed from naphthalene as far as possible, viz., soot oil, is burned in a special furnace for the ...
-Coloring Incandescent Lamps
Incandescent light globes are colored by dipping the bulbs into a thin solution of collodion previously colored to suit with anilines soluble in collodion. Dip ...
-Detection of Cottonseed Oil in Lard
Make a 2 per cent solution of silver nitrate in distilled water, and acidify it by adding 1 per cent of nitrate acid, C. P. Into a test tube put a sample of ...
-Laundry Blue Compound
The soluble blue of commerce, when properly made, dissolves freely in water, and solutions so made are put up as liquid laundry blue. The water employed in ...
-Soluble Laundry Blue Compound
I Dissolve 217 parts of prussiate of potash in 800 parts of hot water and bring the whole to 1,000 parts. Likewise dissolve 100 parts of ferric chloride in ...
-Liquid Laundry Blue Compound
This may be prepared either with liquid Prussian blue or indigo carmine. Make a solution of gum dragon (gum tragacanth) by dissolving 1 to 2 ounces of the ...
-Ball Laundry Blue Compound
The ball sold for laundry use consists usually, if not always, of ultramarine. The balls are formed by compression, starch or some other excipient of like ...
-Laundry Starches
Most laundry starches now contain some polishing mixture for giving a high luster. I Dissolve in a vessel of sufficient capacity, 42 parts of crystallized ...
-Washing Fluids, Bricks And Powders
Washing Fluids Rub up 75 parts of milk of sulphur with 125 parts of glycerine in a mortar, next add 50 parts of camphorated spirit and 1 part of lavender oil, ...
-To Whiten Flannels
Dissolve, by the aid of heat, 40 parts of white castile soap, shaved fine, in 1,200 parts of soft water, and to the solution, when cold, gradually add, under ...
-Laces, Curtains, etc
I To give lace curtains, etc., a cream color, take 1 part of chrysoidin and mix with 2 parts of dextrin and dissolve in 250 parts of water. The articles to be ...
-Simple Test for Red Lead and Orange Lead
Take a little of the sample in a test tube, add pure, strong nitric acid and heat by a Bunsen burner until a white, solid residue is obtained. Then add water, ...
-To Stop Leakage in Iron Hot-Water Pipes
Take some fine iron borings or filings and mix with them sufficient vinegar to form a sort of paste, though the mixture is not adhesive. With this mixture fill ...
-Artificial Leather
Pure Italian hemp is cut up fine; 1 part of this and 0.5 part of coarse, cleaned wool are carded together and formed into wadding. This wadding is packed in ...
-Bronze Leather
All sorts of skins sheepskins, goatskins, coltskins, and light calfskins are adapted for the preparation of bronze leather. In this preparation the advantage ...
-Dressings For Leather
For Carriage Tops I Here is an inexpensive and quickly prepared dressing for carriage tops or the like: Take 2 parts of common glue; soak and liquefy it over a ...
-Kid Leather Dressings
Creams for greasing fine varieties of leather, such as kid, patent leather, etc., are produced as follows, according to tried recipes: White Cream Lard.........
-Patent Leather Dressings
I Wax.............. 22 parts Olive oil........... 60 parts Oil turpentine, best. 20 parts Lavender oil....... 10 parts With gentle heat, melt the wax in the ...
-Dyeing Leather
In dyeing leather, aniline or coal-tar colors are generally used. These dyes, owing to their extremely rapid action on organic substances, such as leather, do ...
-Harness Preparations
Blacking for Harness I In a water bath dissolve 90 parts of yellow wax in 900 parts of oil of turpentine; aside from this mix well together, all the ...
-Harness Preparations. Continued
Harness Pastes I Ceresine, natural yellow..........'. 1.5 parts Yellow beeswax .... 1.5 parts Japan wax......... 1.5 parts Melt on the water bath, and when ...
-Patent And Enameled Leather
Patent leather for boots and shoes is prepared from sealskins, enameled leather for harness from heavy bullock's hides. The process of tanning is what is ...
-Stains For Patent Leather: Black Stain
Vinegar............ 1 gallon Ivory black......... 14 ounces Ground iron scales.. . 6 pounds Mix well and allow to stand a few days. Red Stain Water, 1 quart; ...
-Preservatives For Leather
I Mutton suet....... 50 parts Sweet oil.......... 50 parts Turpentine........ 1 part Melt together. The application should be made on the dry leather warmed to ...
-Leather Revivers And Regenerators
By weight. I Methylic alcohol... . 22.5 parts Ground ruby shellac 2.250 parts Dark rosin......... 0.910 parts Gum rosin......... 0.115 parts Sandarac..........
-Leather Pickling Process
Eitner and Stiazny have made a systematic series of experiments with mixtures of salt and various acids for pickling skins preparatory to tanning. Experiments ...
-French Hide Tanning Process
I The prepared pelts are submitted to a 3 to 4 hours' immersion in a solution of rosin soap, containing 5 to 10 per cent of caustic soda. The goods are ...
-Lace Leather
Take cow hides averaging from 25 to 30 pounds each; 35 hides will make a convenient soak for a vat containing 1,000 gallons of water, or 25 hides to a soak of ...
-Russian Leather
This leather owes its name to the country of its origin. The skins used for its production are goat, large sheep, calfskin, and cow or steer hide. The ...
-Painting on Leather
When the leather is finished in the tanneries it is at the same time provided with the necessary greasy particles to give it the required pliancy and prevent ...
-Preservation of Fresh Lemon Juice
The fresh juice is cleared by gently heating it with a little egg albumen, without stirring the mixture. This causes all solid matter to sink with the ...
-Lenses And Their Care
Unclean Lenses (see also Cleaning Preparations and Methods) If in either objective or eyepiece the lenses are not clean, the definition may be seriously ...
-Gold Lettering
This is usually done by first drawing the lettering, then covering with an adhesive mixture, such as size, and finally applying gold bronze powder or real gold ...
-Lettering on Glass
White lettering on glass and mirrors produces a rich effect. Dry zinc, chemically pure, should be used. It can be obtained in any first-class paint store and ...
-Signs on Show Cases
Most show cases have mirrors at the back, either in the form of sliding panels or spring doors. Lettering in distemper colors on these mirrors can easily be ...
-"Spatter" Work
Some lettering which appears very difficult to the uninitiated is, in fact, easily produced. The beautiful effect of lettering and ornamentation in the form of ...
-To Test Extract of Licorice
Mere solubility is no test for the purity of extract of licorice. It is, therefore, proposed to make the glycyrrhizin content and the nature of the ash the ...
-Bird Lime
Bird lime is a thick, soft, tough, and sticky mass of a greenish color, has an unpleasant smell and bitter taste, melts easily on heating, and hardens when ...
-Stable Solutions of Licorice Juice
A percolator, with alternate layers of broken glass, which have been well washed, first with hydrochloric acid and plentifully rinsed with distilled water, is ...
-Liniments
See also Ointments. For external use only I The following penetrating oily liniment reduces all kinds of inflammatory processes: Paraffine oil......... 4 ...
-Linoleum
See also Oilcloth. Composition for Linoleum, Oilcloth, etc This is composed of whiting, dried linseed oil, and any ordinary dryer, such as litharge, to which ...
-Linseed Oil
See also Oils. Bleaching of Linseed Oil and Poppy seed Oil In order to bleach linseed oil and poppyseed oil for painting purposes, thoroughly shake 2.5 parts ...
-Lubricants
Oil for Firearms Either pure vaseline oil, white, 0.870, or else pure white-bone oil, proof to cold, is employed for this purpose, since these two oils are not ...
-Lubricants. Continued
Oils For Highspeed Bearings To prevent heating and sticking of bearings on heavy machine tools due to running continuously at high speeds, take about 1/8 of ...
-Wagon And Axle Greases
For Axles of Heavy Vehicles I Tallow (free from acid), 19.5 parts; palm oil, 14 parts; sal soda, 5.5 parts; water, 3 parts, by weight. Dissolve the soda in the ...
-Miscellaneous Lubricants
For Cotton Belts Carefully melt over a slow fire in a closed iron or self-regulating boiler 250 parts of caoutchouc or gum elastic, cut up in small pieces; ...
-Miscellaneous Lubricants. Continued
Graphite Lubricating Compound Graphite mixed with tallow gives a good lubricating compound that is free from any oxidizing if the tallow be rendered free 'from ...
-Tests For Lubricants
In testing lubricants in general, a great deal depends upon the class of work in which they are to be employed. In dealing with lubricating greases the ...
-Luster Paste
This is used for plate glass, picture frames, and metal. Five parts of very finely washed and pulverized chalk; 5 parts of Vienna lime, powdered; 5 parts of ...
-Magnesium
Magnesium Citrate Magnesium carbonate.............. 10 ounces Citric acid......... 20 ounces Sugar............. 21 ounces Oil of lemon........ 0.5 drachm Water ...
-Magnetic Curves Of Iron Filings, Their Fixation
One of the experiments made in every physical laboratory in teaching the elements of magnetism and electricity is the production of the magnetic curves by ...
-Mantles
These are prepared after processes differing slightly from one another, but all based on the original formula of Welsbach the impregnation of vegetable fibers ...
-Manufacture of Matches
Each factory uses its own methods and chemical mixtures, though, in a general way the latter do not vary greatly. It is impossible here to give a full account ...
-Safety Paste for Matches
The danger of explosion during the preparation of match composition may be minimized by addition to the paste of the following mixture: Finely powdered cork, 3 ...
-Matrix for Medals, Coins, etc
I Sharp impressions of coins, medals, etc., are obtained, according to Böttger, with the following: Mix molten, thinly liquid sulphur with an equal quantity of ...
-Matzoon
Add 2 tablespoonfuls of bakers' yeast to 1 pint of rich milk, which has been slightly warmed, stirring well together and setting aside in a warm room in a ...
-Mead
In its best form Mead is made as follows : 12 gallons of pure, soft water (clean rain water is, next to distilled water, best) are mixed with 30 gallons of ...
-Meerschaum
To Color a Meerschaum Pipe I Fill the pipe and smoke down about one-third, or to the height to which you wish to color. Leave the remainder of the tobacco in ...
-Brightening And Deadening Metals, By Dipping
Brightening Pickle To brighten articles by dipping, the dipping liquid must not be too hot, otherwise the pickled surface turns dull; neither must it be ...
-Metal Matting or Deadening Pickle
When, instead of brilliancy, a matted appearance is desired for metals, the article is corroded either mechanically or chemically. In the first case it is ...
-Coloring Metals
See also Plating. Processes by Oxidation By heat: Coloration of Steel. The steel, heated uniformly, is covered in the air with a pellicle of oxide and has ...
-Metal Coloring: Processes by Sulphuration
Oxidized Brown Color. The object is plunged into some melted sulphur mingled with lampblack, or into a liquid containing the flowers of sulphur mingled with ...
-Deposit of a Metal or of a Non-Oxidizable Compound
Bronze Color. Rub the iron smartly with chloride of antimony. A single operation is not sufficient. It is necessary to repeat it, heating the object slightly.
-Deposition of Molybdenum
Iron is preserved from rust by covering it with a coating of molybdenum, as follows: Water, 1,000 parts; ammonium molybdate, 1 part; ammonium nitrate, 15 to 20 ...
-Process by Deposit of a Color or Varnish
Beautiful colorations, resistive to light, may be given to metals by the following method: The metallic objects are immersed in a colorless varnish with ...
-To Produce Fine Leaves of Metal
The metal plate is laid between parchment leaves and beaten out with hammers. Although films obtained in this manner reach a high degree of fineness, yet the ...
-Imitation Gold Foils
Deep gold Pure Pale gold gold Per cent Per cent Per cent 84.5 78 76 15.5 22 14 Deep Deep gold gold Gold Per cent Per cent Per cent 91 86 83 Zinc..... 9 14 17 ...
-Milk Recipes
See also Foods. Determining Cream An apparatus for determining cream in milk consists of a glass cylinder having a mark about half its height, and a second ...
-Modification of Milk for Infants
For an ill child note the percentages of milk taken; decide, if indigestion is present, which ingredient of the milk, fat or proteid, or both, is at fault, and ...
-Preservation of Milk (see also Foods)
I Shortly after the milk is strained add to it from 1 per cent to 2 per cent of a 12-volume solution of hydrogen peroxide, and set it aside for 10 to 12 hours.
-Mirror Silvering
Mirror silvering is sometimes a misnomer, inasmuch as the coating applied to glass in the manufacture of mirrors does not always contain silver. In formula I ...
-Silvering Mirror Globes
The insides of globes may be silvered, it is said, by the following methods: I Take 1/3 ounce of clean lead, and melt it with an equal weight of pure tin; then ...
-Resilvering Mirrors
If mirrors coated with amalgam become damaged they may sometimes be successfully repaired by one of the following processes: I Place the old mirror in a weak ...
-Magic Mirrors
Among the many amusing and curious articles which the amateur mechanic can turn out, metallic mirrors having concealed designs on them, and which can be ...
-Molds
See also Casting and Matrix. Molding Sand A high grade of molding sand should be fat, i. e., strongly mixed with clay. Naturally the molds of this sand should ...
-Moles
See also Warts. Lunar caustic is frequently used to remove warts and moles. It should be wrapped in tin foil or placed in a quill so that it will not touch the ...
-Mordants
See also Dyes. Mordant for Cement Surfaces Take green vitriol and dissolve it in hot water. If the cement is rather fresh add 1 part of vinegar for each part ...
-Asbestos Mortar
Asbestos mortar consists of a mixture of asbestos with 10 per cent of white lime. Canadian asbestos is generally used, which is composed of 80 per cent of ...
-Mountants
See also Adhesives and Photography.
-Mounting Drawings, Photos, etc., upon Fine Pasteboard
It frequently happens that the pasteboard will warp toward the face of the picture, even if left in a press till the gluing medium is perfectly dry. This fault ...
-Mounting Prints on Glass
Take 4 ounces of gelatin; soak 1/2 hour in cold water; then place in a glass jar, adding 16 ounces of water; put the jar in a large dish of warm water and ...
-Music Boxes
Care must be exercised in taking apart, for if the box is wound up and the fly is removed, the cylinder is ruined. The spring relaxes at a bound, causing the ...
-Mustache Fixing Fluid
Balsam of Tolu...... 1 part Rectified spirit....... 3 parts Jockey club......... 1 part Dissolve the balsam in the liquids. Apply a few drops to the mustache ...
-Mustard Paper
I India rubber....... 1 part Benzol............ 49 parts Black mustard in powder, a sufficiency. Dissolve the India rubber in the benzol, then stir in the ...
-Ingrowing Nails
Copious applications of dried powdered alum are sufficient to cure every case of ingrowing nail in about 5 days. The applications are not painful in the least, ...
-Neatsfoot Oil
Crude neatsfoot oil 5,000 parts Alcohol, 90 per cent 2,500 parts Tannin........... 5 parts Place in a clearing flask, agitate vigorously and allow to stand for ...
-Nerve Paste
See also Dental Cements, under Cements. Arsenious acid....... 4 parts Morphine sulphate. . . 2 parts Clove oil............ 1 part Creosote, quantity sufficient ...
-Nickel Testing
Pure nickel will remain nearly white, while patent nickel, or nickel-copper will not retain its primitive brilliancy, but soon becomes slightly oxidized and ...
-Clock Oil
Put 2,000 parts, by weight, of virgin oil in a decanting vessel, add a solution of 40 parts of ether tannin in 400 parts of water and shake until completely ...
-Cod-Liver OIL
Aromatic Cod-Liver Oil Coumarin........ 0.01 parts Saccharine....... 0.50 parts Vanillin......... 0.10 parts Alcohol, absolute. 5.40 parts Oil of lemon...... 5.
-Extracting Oil from Cottonseed
Claim is made for a process of extraction, in an English patent, in which the seeds are placed in a rotable vessel mounted on a hollow shaft divided into ...
-Floral Hair Oil
White vaseline.....5,000 parts Floricin, pure...... 800 parts Linalool rose...... 60 parts Terpineol......... 50 parts Aubepine (hawthorne), liquid.. . 12 ...
-Solid Linseed Oil
Cements for the manufacture of linoleum and other similar substances are composed to a large extent of linseed oil, oxidized or polymerized until it has become ...
-Mineral Oil
See also Petroleum. Production of Consistent Mineral Oils By weight I Mineral oil........ 100 parts Linseed oil........ 25 parts Ground nut oil. . .. 25 parts ...
-Bleaching Oils
Linseed Oil or Poppy Oil Agitate in a glass balloon 25,000 parts, by weight, of oil with a solution of 50 parts, by weight, potassium permanganate in 1,250 ...
-Decolorizing and Deodorizing Oils
I One may partially or completely deodorize and decolorize rank fish and other oils by sending a current of hot air or of steam through them, after having ...
-Decomposition of Oils, Fats, etc
In many of the processes at present in use, whereby oils and fats are decomposed by steam at a high pressure, the time during which the oil or fat has to be ...
-Dust-Laying Oil
A process has been patented for rendering mineral oils miscible in all proportions of water. The method consists of forming an intimate mixture of the oil with ...
-Floor Oils
I Neatsfoot oil....... 1 part Cottonseed oil...... 1 part Petroleum oil...... 1 part II Beeswax.......... 8 parts Water............. 56 parts Potassium ...
-Ointments
Arnica Salve Ointment Solid extract of arnica 2 parts Rosin ointment...... 16 parts Petrolatum.......... 4 parts Sultanas............ 16 parts Fine cut tobacco.
-Ointments. Part 2
Salve for all Wounds Lard, fresh.......... 16 ounces White lead, dry...... 3 ounces Red lead, dry........ 1 ounce Beeswax, yellow..... 3 ounces Black rosin.....
-Ointments. Part 3
Photographers' Ointment The following protects the hands from photographic chemicals: Best castile soap, in fine shavings...... 1 ounce Water.............. 1 ...
-Packings
Packing for Stuffing Boxes Tallow............. 10 parts Barrel soap, non-filled 30 parts Cylinder oil......... 10 parts Talcum Venetian, finely powdered.. . .
-Painting Processes
Painting Ornaments or Letters on Cloth and Paper Dissolve gum shellac in 95 per cent alcohol at the rate of 1 pound of shellac to 3 pints of alcohol, and mix ...
-Paintings
Protection for Oil Paintings Oil paintings should under no circumstances be varnished over before the colors are surely and unmistakably dry, otherwise the ...
-Paint Bases
Dry Bases for Paints The following colors and minerals, mixed in the proportions given and then ground to fine powder, make excellent dry paints, and may be ...
-Bronzing Solutions For Paints
I The so-called banana solution (the name being derived from its odor) which is used in applying bronzes of various kinds, is usually a mixture of equal parts ...
-Paint Brushes
To soften a hard paint brush, stand the brush overnight in a pot of soft soap and clean in warm water. Afterwards clean in benzine. If the brush is wrapped ...
-A Permanent Black of Rich Luster for Metal Boxes
Dissolve chlorate of potassium and blue vitriol, equal parts, in 36 times as much water, and allow the solution to cool. The parts to be blacked may be either ...
-Fireproof Paints
See also Fireproofing. Fireproofing paints of effective quality are prepared in different ways. Naturally no oily or greasy substances enter into their ...
-Fireproof and Waterproof Paints
The following recipes are claimed to resist both fire and water: A preparation for protecting wood against the action of fire and of moisture, and also for ...
-Paint Deadening
In order to obtain an even dullness of large walls, proceed as follows: After all the dirt has been carefully swept off, oil with 2 parts linseed oil and 1 ...
-Paint Dryers
I Ordinary barytes. .. 25 pounds Whiting........... 4 pounds Litharge........... 2 pounds Sulphate of zinc .... 2 pounds Sugar of lead....... 2 pounds Boiled ...
-Gold Paints
The formulas of the various gold paints on the market are carefully guarded trade secrets. Essentially they consist of a bronze powder mixed with a varnish.
-Paint Gilding in Size
The old painters and gilders used to prepare the gold size themselves, but nowadays it is usually bought ready made, barring the white of egg additional. The ...
-Gold Enamel Paints
I Pure turps......... 6 pints Copal varnish...... 1 pint Good gold bronze.. . 6.5 pounds Calcis hydrate (dry-slaked lime)...... 0.5 ounce Mix the varnish and ...
-Graining With Paint
See also Wood. Oak Graining Prepare a paint of two-thirds of white lead and one-third of golden ocher with the requisite amount of boiled linseed oil and a ...
-Luminous Paints
The illuminating power of the phosphorescent masses obtained by heating strontium thiosulphate or barium thiosulphate is considerably increased by the addition, ...
-Paints For Metal Surfaces: Blackening Ornaments of Iron
I To give iron ornaments a black-brown to black color, proceed in the following manner: The articles are treated with corrosives, cleaned of all adhering ...
-Priming Iron
The following, if carefully carried out, gives the best satisfaction: The first step consists in thoroughly cleaning the surface of the iron, removing all ...
-Galvanized Iron
For galvanized iron there has been recommended a wash consisting simply of dilute hydrochloric acid, which produces chloride of zinc, that in combination with ...
-To Paint Wrought Iron with Graphite
In order to make wrought iron look like new mix fine graphite with equal parts of varnish and turpentine oil, adding a little siccative. Paint the iron parts ...
-Protective Coating for Bright Iron Articles
Zinc white, 30 parts; lamp-black, 2 parts; tallow, 7 parts; vaseline, 1 part; olive oil, 3 parts; varnish, 1 part. Boil together 1/4 hour and add 1/2 part of ...
-Carbolineum
This German preparation is made in three colors. I Pale. Melt together in an iron kettle, over a naked fire, 30 parts of American rosin F and 150 parts of pale ...
-Imitation Oil Paint
Schulz's German patent paint is cheap, and claimed to be durable, weatherproof, and glossy, like oil paint. The application consists of a ground coat, upon ...
-Paints, Stains, Etc., For Ships.
Anti-Fouling Composition Make an agglutinant by heating together By weight White lead, ground in oil............... 2 parts Red lead, dry........ 1 part Raw ...
-Paints For Walls Of Cement, Plaster, Hard Finish, Etc.
Coating for Bathrooms As a rule cement plastering, as well as oil paint, suffices for the protection of walls and ceilings in bathrooms, but attention must be ...
-Waterproof And Weatherproof Paints
See also Fireproof Paint. The following are claimed to be both waterproof and weatherproof: I In 50 parts, by weight, of spirit of 96 per cent, dissolve 16 ...
-Floor Coating
A new paint for floors, especially those of soft wood: Mix together 2.2 pounds joiners' glue; a little over 1 ounce powdered bichromate of potash; 3.5 ounces ...
-Ivory Coating for Smooth, Light Wood
In order to cover the articles, which may be flat or round, with this coating, they must first be polished quite smooth and clean; then they are coated with ...
-Miscellaneous Recipes, Paints, Etc.
Bathtub Paint Take white keg lead, tint to any desired color and then add, say, 1/8 boiled oil (pure linseed) to 7/8 hard drying durable body varnish. Clean ...
-Palms Care
Instead of washing the leaves of palms with water, many florists employ a mixture of milk and water, the object being to prevent the formation of disfiguring ...
-Papier Mache
The following are the ingredients necessary to make a lump of papier maché a little larger than an ordinary baseball and weighing 17 ounces: Wet paper pulp, ...
-Parchment Paper
I Dip white unsized paper for half a minute in strong sulphuric acid, specific gravity, 1.842, and afterwards in water containing a little ammonia. II Plunge ...
-Strengthened Filter Paper
When ordinary filter paper is dipped into nitric acid (specific gravity, 1.42), thoroughly washed and dried, it becomes a tissue of remarkable properties, and ...
-Carbon Paper
Many copying papers act by virtue of a detachable pigment, which, when the pigmented paper is placed between two sheets of white paper, and when the uppermost ...
-Drawing Paper
The blue drawing paper of commerce, which is frequently employed for technical drawings, is not very durable. For the production of a serviceable and strong ...
-Fireproof Papers
I. Ammonium sulphate, 8 parts, by weight; boracic acid, 3 parts; borax, 2 parts; water, 100 parts. The temperature should be about 122 F. II For paper, either ...
-Lithographic Paper
I Starch, 6 ounces; gum arabic, 2 ounces; alum, 1 ounce. Make a strong solution of each separately, in hot water, mix, strain through gauze, and apply it while ...
-Marbling Paper For Books
Provide a wooden trough 2 inches deep and the length and width of any desired sheet; boil in a brass or copper pan a quantity of linseed and water until a ...
-Waterproof Papers
I Wall papers may be easily rendered washable, either before or after they are hung, by preparing them in the following manner: Dissolve 2 parts of borax and 2 ...
-Wrapping Paper for Silverware
Make a solution of 6 parts of sodium hydrate in sufficient water to make it show about 20 B. (specific gravity, 1.60). To it add 4 parts zinc oxide, and boil ...









TOP
previous page: Henley's Twentieth Century Formulas Recipes Processes Vol1
  
page up: Reference Books
  
next page: Henley's Twentieth Century Formulas Recipes Processes Vol3