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The Pyrotechnist's Treasury: Complete Art Of Making Fireworks | by Thomas Kentish



Until within the last few. years there was scarcely any work in English, that I am aware of, on the subject of Pyrotechny, worth reading, with the exception of an Article in "Brewster's Cyclopaedia' by MacCulloch; and this, besides being accessible to only a few, having been published in 1830, made no mention of colours, which form the most beautiful part of the art. In the first year of the present century a treatise was written by a Captain Jones, which has been copied, in whole or in part, into almost every work since published. The greater portion of it is absurd and impracticable, and shows that it was written by a person who undertook to teach what he had not learnt...

TitleThe Pyrotechnist's Treasury: Complete Art Of Making Fireworks
AuthorThomas Kentish
PublisherChatto & Windus
Year1878
Copyright1878, Chatto & Windus
AmazonThe Complete Art of Firework-Making: The Pyrotechnist's Treasury
The Pyrotechnist s Treasury Complete Art Of Making 1

Flammas Jovis, et sonitus imitatur Olympi.

Virgil, Aen, vi,586.

-Preface
Until within the last few. years there was scarcely any work in English, that I am aware of, on the subject of Pyrotechny, worth reading, with the exception of an Article in Brewster's Cyclopaedia' b...
-Roman Candles
To Make A 5/8 Roman Candle Procure a straight piece of brass tube, of an inch external diameter, and 16 inches long. Saw or file off a piece, 1 inch long, fig. I. This is for the star former, a...
-Roman Candles. Part 2
To Damp Stars Stars containing nitrate of strontian must be damped, either with lac solution, or wax solution; anything containing water destroys the colour. Nitre stars may be damped with gum wate...
-Roman Candles. Part 3
To Make Paste Paste is most economically made in a zinc pot, which may be 4 inches deep, and 3 inches diameter. Any zinc worker will make one to order for about 6d. Put into it 2 ounces of wheaten...
-Roman Candles. Part 4
To Charge Roman Candle Cases Pour some F grain-powder into a wooden bowl, or platter, represented by fig. 11. Round the edge lay the little blowing-powder scoops, side by side, beginning with the s...
-Roman Candles. Part 5
To Make Touchpaper Dissolve an ounce of nitre in a pint of hot water. Procure some 12 lb. double crown blue; cut each sheet into four equal parts, 15 by 10. Lay them smooth upon each other, and...
-Rockets
Rockets are charged in choked cases, on a spindle, to leave a hollow up the middle, through which the fire may be communicated to nearly the whole of the composition at once: this causes the sudden ge...
-Rockets. Part 2
To Charge Rocket Cases The first requisite is a solid block of wood, 6 or 8 inches square, and 18 or 20 high. This is indispensable. A piece of an old oak gate post, answers well. It must be set up...
-Rockets. Part 3
Otherwise, smear the end of the case with the sash-tool dipped into meal paste, and when dry, paste a bit of touch-paper round it, and twist to a point, like a squib. The appearance of the rocket is s...
-Rockets. Part 4
Zinc may be obtained with half-inch perforations; a size useful for garden sieves, bottoms of soap boxes, etc. Before grinding a fresh substance in a coffee-mill, it must be taken to pieces,, brush...
-Rockets. Part 5
Dry Pill-Box Stars Take a sheet of note paper, and cut it into four equal parts; each part will be about 4 inches by 3. Paste and roll them on a 3/8 brass tube, so as to have the cases 4 inches...
-Rockets. Part 6
Rocket Heads Heads for small rockets may be made of two or three rounds of paper rolled dry, and secured on the inner and outer edges with paste. After sticking it on the case, which it may be made...
-Wheel And Fixed Cases
Wheel cases may be 5 5/8 inches long. Cut the paper, without waste, into 4 strips, each 29 inches long. Fixed cases may be 7 inches long: cut the paper the other way of the sheet, into 4 strips, each...
-Gerbes
Gerbes, so called from the French word for wheat-sheaf, which they resemble, are fixed choked cases: they do not show well on wheels. As they contain grains of iron, they must not be under 6/8; for pr...
-Flower Pots
These are choked cases, charged with spur fire: the fire is somewhat slow, so the cases must be short: 4 inches long, and 6/8 diameter is a good size. Rub the composition thoroughly up in the mortar; ...
-Port Fires And Shell Fuses
These are unchoked cases, like roman candles; 6 inches long, 3/8 internal, 4/8 external, is a good size. They should be rammed as hard as possible; and, for this purpose, it is best to have a mould. ...
-Tourbillions
A tourbillion, so called from the French word for whirlwind, is a case made to rotate and ascend at the same time, forming a spiral of fire, and ending in the shape of an umbrella. To Make A Tourbi...
-Saxons
These are unchoked cases, charged like a tourbillion, but pierced only with holes of rotation, for the purpose of turning a coloured fire. Drive them in a mould, as directed before. A good size is, 5/...
-Five-Rointed Stars
These are cases about 2 inches long, and 1 inch diameter. Make a bottom to the case with inch thickness of plaster of paris, so that it looks like a large pill box. Charge it solid, and at 5/8 of a...
-Squibs
Take a sheet of 6o-lb. imperial brown, and a sheet of 12-lb. white demy. The imperial, as said before, is 29 by 22. Cut it into 24 equal parts (2, 4, 3), that is, first into two equal parts, down the...
-Serpents
These are simply squibs, made short, in order to burn out quickly, as they are intended to be thrown from mines, and would otherwise lie too long on the ground. They are best made entirely of brown pa...
-Pinwheels
Procure some 16-lb. double-crown white paper. A sheet is 30 x 20 inches. Cut off a strip 30 x 3. Leaves a piece 30 x 17. The small strip may be used for odd purposes. Divide the 30 by 17 i...
-Crackers
A good tough paper for these is 24 mill, 19-lb. double-small hand. A sheet is 30 x 20 inches. Cut off a strip, 30 x 4 Leaves a piece 30 x 16 The strip 30 by 4 may be used for squibs, or any o...
-Maroons
Take 3 inches of a 6/8 or 6/8 rocket case. Fix, in one end, a cork, half an inch long; put in 2 inches of F grain powder; on this, another cork. Wind string tightly round it, lengthwise, 6 or 8 folds,...
-Peacock's Plumes
These are a combination of rain and star. Roll them like pill-box cases, on a 3/8 inch former, about 1 inches long; charge one end, 3/8- of an inch deep, with coloured fire, driven in dry; fill up wi...
-Saucissons
These are a large kind of serpent, charged on a nipple, like a wheel case, with solid drift and mallet. They may be 5/8 or 6/8 or larger; about 3 inches long. Drive in brilliant fire, or gerbe, fig. ...
-Pearl Streamers
Paste brown paper all over, and roll up a case, of four or five thicknesses, on an inch and a quarter, or an inch and a half former, like a rocket or other case; when dry, cut it in the lathe (see fig...
-Lances
These are little cases charged with white or coloured star composition. They should be of white or coloured double-crown paper, rolled dry on the squib former, and secured at the edge with paste in th...
-Shells
Shells are hollow paper globes, fired vertically, from mortars, or iron tubes. They are made of various sizes, from 3 inches in diameter to 16 inches. To make a 3-inch shell. Turn a wooden ball, 3 inc...
-Cylindrical Shells
A sphere is, by no means, the best shape for a projectile; no one would think of making a roman candle star like a marble; the Minie bullets and the bolt-shot for our great guns are cylindrical, and f...
-Asteroid Rockets
These differ from other rockets only in the head, which contains a parachute for floating a coloured case, attached to the strings. The parachute is best formed of silk, or alpaca; it may also be made...
-Compound Fireworks
Fig. 108 A triangular: 3 wheel cases and a case colour, at a. These cases are tied either to a hexagonal piece of deal board, or to three spokes, radiating from a nave. The colour is sometimes tied...
-Compound Fireworks. Part 2
Fig. 113 A horizontal wheel, with mine and roman candles; the cases on the wheel are to be tied so that some play horizontally; some, obliquely upwards; some, obliquely downwards. To make a case pl...
-Compound Fireworks. Part 3
Fig. 124 A devil-among-the-tailors: a mixture of crackers and serpents; a roman candle in the middle, having its bottom stopped with shell fuse, instead of plaster of paris: 3, or 4, or any number ...
-Tools
Fig. 132. A Port-Fire Holder This is made of steel, somewhat after the manner of a pair of pliers. The ends a and b are fluted, or channelled (semi-cylindrical) to receive the port-fire: a spring, ...
-To Construct A Steelyard Scale
The numerous formulae for coloured fires, renders the use of very small scales excessively troublesome; and there is perpetual danger of losing the little weights for grains and pennyweights. By const...
-Montgolfier Balloons
To project a pattern gore. With a radius of 5 inches, fig. 139, from the point a, on the line b o, describe a semicircle; divide the upper quadrant into three equal parts, in the points g, e, c. Carry...
-Winged Rockets
An 6/8 rocket is the smallest size worth making: it is, also, sufficiently large; and, as it requires a machine to fire it from, it is best to keep to one size. The head, fig. 156, may be the same as ...
-Concluding Remarks
Sublipiation is the volatilization of solid substances by heat, and their crystallization by cold again into solids. The products of sublimation (sublimates) have received the name of flowers from ...
-Concluding Remarks. Continued
Fig 169 is a wasp-light The proper composition will be found among the fuses: drive it into a roman candle case with the rammer, fig, 4. Bring the leader from the mouth b, backwards along the outside ...
-Fuses
Roman Candle Number ... I 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 ...
-Chatto & Windus's List Of Books
On Books And Book-Buyers By John Ruskin, LL.D I say we have despised literature ; what do we, as a nation, can about books? How much do you think we spend altogether on our libraries, public or...
-Chatto & Wlndus's List Of Books
Square 8vo, cloth, extra gilt, gilt edges, with Coloured Frontispiece and numerous Illustrations, 10s. 6d. The Art Of Beauty By Mrs. H. R. Haweis, Author of Chancer for Children. with nearly O...
-Henry Blackburn's Art Handbooks
Academy Notes, 1875 With Forty Illustrations, Is. Academy Notes, 1876 With One Hundred and Seven Illustrations, Is. Academy Notes, 1877 With One Hundred and Forty-three Illustrations, I...
-Uniform With "Academy Notes."
The Royal Scottish Academy Notes, 1878 Containing One Hundred and Seventeen Illustrations of the Chief Works, from Drawings by the Artists. Edited by George R. Halkett. is. Notes To The Seventee...
-Uniform With "Academy Notes.". Part 2
The British Flora Medica A History of theMedicinal Plants of Great Britain. Illustrated by a Figure of each Plant. coloured by hand By Benjamin H BARTON, F.L.S.,and THOMAS CASTLE M.D., F.R.S. A New...
-Uniform With "Academy Notes.". Part 3
Dodge's (Colonel) The Hunting Grounds Of The Great West A Description of the Plains, Game, and Indians of the Great North American Desert By Richard Irving Dodge, Lieutenant-Colonel of the United S...
-The Golden Library
Bayard Taylor's Diversions of the Echo Club. The Book of Clerical Anecdotes. Byron's Don Juan. Carlyle (Thomas) on the Choice of Books. With a Memoir, Is. 6d. Emerson's Letters and Social Aim...
-The Golden Library. Part 2
The House Of Life Human Physiology, with its Applications to the Preservation of Health. For use in Classes, and Popular Reading. With numerous Illustrations. By Mrs. F. Fenwick Miller. Three Vo...
-The Golden Library. Part 3
Josephus's Complete Works Translated by Whiston. Containing both The Antiquities of the Jews, and The Wars of the Jews. Small 8vo, cloth, full gilt, gilt edges, with Illustrations, 6s. Ka...
-New Copyright Work By Marak Twain
Post 8vo, illustrated boards, 2s. An Idle Excursion, And Other Papers By Mark Twain. Crown 8vo, cloth extra, with Illustrations, 7s. 6d. Mark Twain's Choice Works Revised and Corrected ...
-The Piccadilly Novels
Popular Stories by the Best Authors. Antonina By Wilkie Collins. Illustrated by Sir J, Gilbert and Alfred Concanen. Basil By Wilkie Collins. Illustrated by Sir JOHN Gilbert and J.MAH...
-New Novel By Justin Mccarthy
Two vols. 8vo, cloth extra, Illustrated, 21s., the Third Edition of: Miss Misanthrope By Justin McCarthy, Author of Dear Lady Disdain, etc. With 12 Illustrations by Arthur Hopkins. In ' Mi...
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Uniform Edition. Held In Bondage By Ouida. Strathnore. By ouida. Chandos By Ouida. Undcrtwo Flags By ouida. Idalta By Ouida. Tricotrin By Ouida. Cecil Castlcmaine's Ga...
-Cheap Editions Of Popular Novels
[Wilkie Collins' Novels may also be had in cloth limp at as, 6d. See, too, the Piccadilly NovBLS, for Library Editions]. The Woman In White By Wilkie Collins. Antonina By Wilkie Collins. ...
-The "Secret Out" Series
The Art Of A Musing A Collection of Graceful Arts, Games, Tricks, Puzzles, and Charades. By Frank Bellew. 300 Illustrations. Hanky-Panky Very Easy Tricks, Very Difficult Tricks, White Magic. ...
-Mr. Swinburne's Works
The Queen Mother And Rosamond Fcap. 8vo, 5s. Atalanta In Calydon A New Edition. Crown 8vo, 6s. Chastelard A Tragedy. Crown 8vo, 7s. Poems And Ballads Fcap. 8vo, 9s. Also in crown ...









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previous page: Military Pyrotechnics | by Henry B. Faber
  
page up: Science Books
  
next page: Leaching Gold and Silver Ores. The Plattner And Kiss Processes: A Practical Treatise | by Charles Howard Aaron