By this time the author was enjoying the fruits of his labor in the form of a greatly increased business, a large bee supply factory, an extensive circulation for his magazine, and increased demand for his book. No longer was he equal to managing all the details of so many activities. His eldest son, Ernest, now assumed responsibility for further revisions of the book, and the 1903 edition carried more articles written by him than by the original author. The name of Dr. C. C. Miller also appears as the first contributor.

The size of the volume from that time was rapidly increased until, with the 1917 edition, it contained more than 800 pages and numbered more than a dozen prominent beekeepers among its special contributors. By this time the policy had been adopted of having technical articles written by men who were recognized as especially qualified.

This policy has been continued and although E. R. Root continues as principal author, he is assisted by many others who contribute to its pages. Much of the original matter written by A. I. Root for the early volumes is still retained. The copy now before the writer is from the 213th thousand, which undoubtedly establishes a record sale in America for any volume devoted exclusively to beekeeping.

The book has been translated into French and Spanish and has found its way into many far corners of the earth. Since it has been the object of the book to bring together the best from all sources, it contains the essential contribution of all those who have materially assisted in the betterment of the industry. It is unique in that it has continued to sell for sixty years under the editorial supervision of its originators, and has continued to be issued by the same publishing house which was responsible for its initial appearance.

Scientific Queen Rearing

In 1887, a little booklet entitled G. M. Doolittle's Method of Rearing Queens appeared under the authorship of E. H. Cook, of Andover, Connecticut. Doolittle was not an unknown since he had been writing for the bee magazines for several years, his first contribution having been written in 1870 for the Apiculturist and Home Circle, published at Mexico, Missouri. The booklet contained thirty pages, including a brief biography of Doolittle. Here the public was introduced to the beginning of the Doolittle method of queen rearing, whereby he transferred larvae to embryo queen-cells which he had cut from combs as he worked about the apiary.

In 1889, the book Scientific Queen Rearing, by G. M. Doolittle, was issued by Thomas G. Newman & Son, of Chicago. Newman at that time was publisher of the American Bee Journal, and the book has been continued until now by the publishers of that magazine, although the sale has been small in recent years.

Because of a fundamental discovery, Doolittle at once found himself in an enviable position. The details of his method of dipping cells and transferring larvae are given in the chapter on queen rearing. In 1898, when a new edition was contemplated, the author wrote to his publisher that he did not care to rewrite or revise any portion of the book, and this position he continued to hold until his death. It is rare that a book continues to sell without change for such a long period in a field where improvements and betterments are continuous.

In this case Doolittle had worked out the details of his system so fully before making it public that there was nothing to be added to his particular contribution. The book was written as a narrative of his personal experience in queen rearing and told how he reached the understanding of each problem, what he did, and how he did it.

There is no record of the number of printings of the book nor of the number of copies sold, but the book is not of interest because of its large sale, but rather because of its influence in making a new and substantial industry possible in the rearing of queens.

Dr. Miller's Contributions

Dr. C. C. Miller, of Marengo, Illinois, was probably the most popular writer on bees of his day. Through his department of "Stray Straws" in Gleanings and his regular contributions to the American Bee Journal he became widely known among beekeepers. In 1886 he published a little book, A Year Among the Bees, in which he outlined the work of a year as he followed it in the apiary. In 1902 it was enlarged and again published as Forty Years Among the Bees. In this edition so much personal material was added that the book became essentially a biography, while giving in detail the information necessary for the management of an apiary. He told of his boyhood and early education, of his working his way through college, and of his practice of medicine; of buying his first bees and the vicissitudes that attended him during the years before he gave up other work and devoted himself entirely to the bees. This book was reprinted in 1906, and in 1911 it was further enlarged and was titled Fifty Years Among the Bees.

In 1917 Maurice G. Dadant went back over the files of the American Bee Journal and made selections from "Doctor Miller's Answers" for the purpose of compiling a book entitled A Thousand Answers to Beekeeping Questions. Miller had answered questions through the magazine since 1895, and in the years that had passed had discussed every common problem of the beekeeper. From the thousands of questions thus answered, those of general interest were gathered into the book. The book met with instant popularity and sold readily until after the death of Doctor Miller in 1920. Since that date the sale has gradually declined, although it is still in some demand.

A. J. Cook was author of Manual of the Apiary.

A. J. Cook was author of Manual of the Apiary.

Miller was not an inventor, a discoverer, or a pioneer. He made no important original contribution to provide lasting fame. He was known for his genial personality and his ability to impart enthusiasm to his readers. Popular in his day, he left little that was permanent when he passed on. His friends and admirers have perpetrated his memory in the library at Wisconsin University, the development of which is described in another chapter.