Range. - Northwestern Mexico and the southern border of New Mexico, Arizona and western Texas. This species is of similar form and crested like a Cardinal, but the bill is very short and hooked like that of a Parrot; the plumage is grayish, with wings and tail dull reddish; face and throat, and middle of belly rosy red. Their habits are the same as those of the Cardinal, but their nests are said to be slighter; they are placed in similar locations to those of the latter, the two species often nesting together in the same thicket. Their eggs are like those of the Cardinal but average smaller, although the ranges overlap so that the eggs cannot be distinguished. Size .90 x .70. Data. - San Antonio, Texas, May 16, 1889. Nest of fine grasses, lined with rootlets; 4 feet from ground in a mesquite tree.
Range. - Northeastern Mexico and southern Texas.
Said to be grayer and the bill to average larger than that of the last. There are no differences in the nesting habits or eggs between the two varieties.
Range. - Southern Lower California.
Smaller than the Arizona Cardinal but with a larger bill. The eggs are like those of the others but may average a trifle smaller.