This section is from the book "The Dogs Of Great Britain, America, And Other Countries. Their Breeding, Training, and Management in Health and Disease", by John Henry Walsh (Stonehenge). Also available from Amazon: The Dogs Of Great Britain, America And Other Countries.
This curly-tailed and pretty little toy dog was out of fashion in England for some years, but has recently come again into such vogue that a good pug will fetch from 100 to 200 dollars. The British breed, however, which is one of those known to have existed from the earliest times, was never entirely lost, having been carefully preserved in a few families. The Dutch have always had a fondness for the pug dog, and in Holland the breed is common enough, but the same attention has not been paid to it as in England, and yellow masks, low foreheads, and pointed noses are constantly making their appearance in them, from the impure blood creeping out, and showinge vidences of the crosses which have taken place. The very beautiful pair of these dogs, which is engraved on the next page, have the following history. During the decade 1840-50, several admirers of pugs attempted to breed them from good foreign strains. Foremost among these was the then Lady Willoughby de Eresby, who, after a great deal of trouble, obtained a dog from Vienna which had belonged to a Hungarian countess, but was of a bad color, being a mixture of the stone-fawn now peculiar to the "Willoughby strain," and black; but the combination of these colors was to a certain extent in the brindled form.
From accounts which are to be relied on, this dog was about twelve inches high, and of good shape, both in body and head, but had a face much longer than would now be approved of by pug fanciers. In 1846 he was mated with a fawn bitch imported from Holland, of the desired color, viz., stone-fawn in body, with black mask and trace, but with no indication of brindle. She had a shorter face and heavier jowl than the dog, and was altogether in accordance with the type now recognized as the correct "Wil loughby pug." From this pair are descended all the strain named after Lady Willoughby de Eresby, which are marked in color by their peculiar cold stone-fawn, and the excess of black often showing itself, not in brindled stripes, but in entirely or nearly entirely black heads, and large "saddle marks" or wide "traces."
But coincidently with this formation of a new strain was the ex istence of another, showing a richer and more yellow fawn, and no tendency to excess of black. This strain was possessed by the late Mr. Morrison, of Walham Green; the late Mr. H. Gilbert, of Kensington: Mr. W. Macdonald, now of Winchmore Hill, but at that time residing in London: and some other fanciers of less notet According to Mr. Morrison's statement to me (which, however, he did not wish made public during his life), this strain was lineally descended from a stock possessed by Queen Charlotte, one of which is painted with great care in the well-known portrait of George III. at Hampton Court; but I could never get him to reveal the exact source from which it was obtained.
Fig. 86. - PAIR OF PUG DOGS.
These dogrs are not remarkable for sagacity displayed in any shape, but they are very affectionate and playful, and bear the confinement of the house better than many other breeds, racing over the carpets in their play as freely as others do over the turf. For this reason, as well as the sweetness of their skins, and their short and soft coats, they are much liked by the ladies as pets.
Their points are as follows: - General appearance low and thickset, the legs being short, and the body as close to the ground as possible, but with an elegant outline; weight from 6 to 10 lbs; color fawn, with black mask and vent. The clearer the fawn, and the more distinctly marked the black on the mask, which should extend to the eyes, the better; but there is generally a slightly darker line down the back. Some strains have the hair All over the body tipped with "smut," but on them the mask is sure to shade off too gently, without the clear line which is valued by the fancier; coat short, thick, and silky; head round, forehead high; nose short, but not turned up; and level-mouthed; ears, when cut. cropped quite close, naturally rather short but falling; neck of moderate length, stout, but not throaty; chest wide, deep, and round; tail short, and curled closely to the side, not standing up above the back. It is remarkable that the tail in the dog generally falls over the off side, while in the bitch it lies on the near. The legs are straight, with small bone, but well clothed with muscle; feet like the hare, not cat-footed; no dew-claws on the hind legs.
The hight is from 11 to 15 inches.