The great variety in the breeds of horses in this country is always an intricate and difficult study, so much is it complicated by "cross-breeding," which, though sometimes conducted on reasonable and well-established principles, is only too often carried out on no principle at all, but in a sort of haphazard fashion that may result in something good and definite, but more frequently produces an undefinable and unsatisfactory progeny, the special adaptability of which for special work cannot easily be arrived at.

But for classification or grouping, according to the services which they are best adapted to render, horses are conveniently classed in two divisions - saddle and draught; and these divisions are again subdivided into (1) racer, hunter, hack, or roadster; and (2) carriage and light draught horses, and agricultural and heavy draught horses.

As race horses do not enter into the category of general utility horses, we will not include them in our notice of these subdivisions; though it must not be inferred that they are of no service. On the contrary, when race horses are bred and reared with the object of improving the breed of the entire first subdivision alluded to above, then their value can scarcely be over-estimated; but when they are produced merely to serve as objects with which to gamble, merely for speed for short distances, with light weights on their backs, and not to exhibit strength and endurance - qualities so necessary in other horses - then they are of comparatively little value.