This section is from the book "The Farmers Ready Reference Or Hand Book Of Diseases Of Horses And Cattle", by S. C. Orr. . Also available from Amazon: The Farmer's Ready Reference;.
In this land of barbed wire fences, wounds in horses are of common occurrence. They occur on all parts of the body and limbs. As they generally take place while the animal is running at large in the pasture they are often not discovered until all bleeding has ceased; but if bleeding seriously when found the proper procedure would be to take the vein or artery up and tie it, or twist it. If that cannot be done, saturate a piece of cotton with tincture muriate of iron and bind on; or, if no iron is at hand, bind on the cotton alone and apply pressure. Bleeding in any part of the body can often be stopped by allowing a stream of cold water to fall two or three feet and strike on top of the loins for a few minutes. The bandage should be left on twenty-four to forty-eight hours to insure against bleeding when it is removed. When there is no bleeding the wound should be cleansed by pouring on warm water, then it should be dressed with one part turpentine and three parts sweet oil to hasten the formation of pus, as the swelling will then go down. It can then be healed by an application twice a day of the following: Sugar of lead, one ounce; sulphate of zinc, six drachms; carbolic acid, two drachms; rain water, one quart. Do not keep it bandaged, but each time after dressing it dust the raw surface over with dry wheat flour. If proud flesh starts, check it with burnt alum. Very few wounds need stitching up. They heal from the bottom better and scar less if left open. After two or three days, when the muscles have become set, all loose parts should be neatly trimmed away. Do not keep a horse with a sore tied up in a stable, but give him a box stall at night and turn him out in a yard in the day time Standing makes the wound grow feverish and swell. Wounds from snags, or other sharp-pointed objects, should always be well examined to see that nothing is left in the bottom