Horns branched; round; diverging at the base, somewhat converging at the extremity.

C. Elaphus, Desm. Mammal, p. 434. Flem. Brit. An. p. 26. Stag, Penn. Brit. Zool. vol. 1. p. 41. Shaw, Gen. Zool. vol. 11. p. 276. pi. 177.


Length of the body about six feet six inches; of the horns about two feet; of the tail seven inches: height about three feet eight inches.


Varying in size and colour: usually reddish brown in summer, with a dusky line along the spine; in winter brownish gray; under parts whitish: horns at first simple, afterwards branched; the number of antlers increasing with age till they amount to ten or twelve; three of them being always directed forwards: eyes large, with a distinct lachrymal furrow: ears long and pointed: tail of moderate length. Female or Hind smaller, and without horns. The young or Calf is generally spotted with white, or as it is termed menilled, on the upper parts : the first indication of horns takes place during the latter part of the first year, when it is called a Knobber.

* Shaw, Gen. Zool. vol. 11. p. 379. pl. 201.

Formerly abundant throughout the kingdom, but now chiefly confined to the Highlands of Scotland. The horns are shed in March, and reappear in the course of the summer. Rutting season from Michaelmas to the end of November. Period of gestation rather more than eight months. Usually but one at a birth.