Plumage black, with purple and green reflections; the feathers tipped with yellowish white.

S. vulgaris, Temm. Man. d'Orn. torn. 1. p. 132. Common Starling, Selb. Illust. vol. 1. p. 340. pl. 36. f. 1. Starling, Mont. Orn, Diet. Bew. Brit. Birds, vol. 1. p. 105.


Entire length eight inches four lines: length of the bill (from the forehead) one inch, (from the gape) one inch four lines; of the tarsus one inch one line; of the tail two inches seven lines; from the carpus to the end of the wing four inches ten lines: breadth, wings extended, fifteen inches.


(Male). General colour of the plumage black, with brilliant purple and golden-green reflections; the feathers on the upper parts tipped with small triangular yellowish white spots: quills and tail-feathers dusky brown, with pale reddish edges: under tail-coverts edged with white: bill yellow: feet flesh-red, inclining to brown. In the Female, the spots are more numerous, and diffused over the under as well as the upper parts. In the young of the year previously to the autumnal moult, the plumage is of a uniform cinereous brown without any spots; the throat and lower part of the abdomen whitish. In this state it is the Solitary Thrush of Montagu. The perfect plumage is probably not attained till the third year. (Egg). Of a uniform delicate pale blue: long. diam. one inch two lines; trans, diam. ten lines.

A plentiful and widely dispersed species. Partial to old trees, church steeples, and ruinous buildings, in the holes of which it breeds. Nest formed of dry grass. Eggs four or five in number. In the Autumn, congregates in immense flocks. Food insects and worms, occasionally grain.