Caruncle on the head compressed, denticulated; throat with two pendulous wattles: neck-feathers linear and elongated.
G. domesticus, Temm. Pig. et Gall. torn. II. p. 92. and torn. III. p. 654. The Cock, Bew. Brit. Birds, vol. I. p. 316.
Crest or comb with eight or nine serratures, of a bright coral-red; two long wattles beneath the lower mandible of the same colour; throat, and space round the eyes, naked, the skin on these parts red; beneath the ears a naked white spot: neck-feathers very much elongated, and linear throughout their whole length: tail ascending, compressed, forming two planes inclined to one another at an acute angle; of fourteen feathers, the two middle ones considerably the longest, and bending gracefully over the others: thighs strong and muscular: tarsi with long bent spurs: colours of the plumage very variable; more commonly, the head, neck, back, and wing-coverts, orange-red; under parts whitish, or velvet black; the sickle-shaped feathers of the tail blackish blue: sometimes the whole plumage pure white. The Hen is always smaller, with the comb and wattles less developed; the colours are also less brilliant, and the tail wants the long pendent feathers. (Egg). White; varying in size and shape according to the breed.
Var.ß . cristatus. (Crested Cock). Temm. Pig. et Gall. torn. II. p. 239. Distinguished by having a tuft of feathers on the head instead of a comb.
Var. γ. pusillus. (Bantam Cock). Temm. Pig. et Gall. torn. II. p. 242. A small variety, with the feet and toes feathered.
Var. δ. Pumilio. (Dwarf Cock). Temm. Pig. et Gall, torn, II. p. 244. Very small, scarcely larger than a pigeon: feet short, generally feathered.
Var. ε. pentadactylus. (Dorking Cock). Temm. Pig. et Gall. torn. m. p. 658. Differs from the others in having five toes on each foot, three in front, and two. behind. Generally considered as most abundant in the neighbourhood of Dorking, in Surrey.
Known in a state of domestication from the earliest times. The original stock very uncertain; referred by Temminck to the G. Bankiva, Temm. (Pig. et Gall. torn. II. p. 87). a species met with at the present day in a wild state in the Island of Java. In the domestic varieties, the cock is polygamous. The hen is very prolific, and continues to lay during a great part of the year. Period of incubation about three weeks.
Besides the above, the following species are domesticated in some parts of England.
* (10). G. Morio, Temm. (Negro Cock). Pig. et Gall. torn. II. p. 253.
Originally from India. Remarkable for having the comb, wattles, skin, and periosteum black.
* (11). G. lanatus, Temm. (Silk Cock). Pig. et Gall. torn. II. p. 256.
A native of Japan. Has the webs of the feathers disunited, and of a very silky texture. Plumage white.
* (12). G. crispus, Briss. (Frizzled Cock). Temm. Pig. et Gall.
Torn. ii. p. 259.
From Asia. All the feathers reflexed, and as it were curled. Smaller than the common poultry.
* (13). G. ecaudatus, Temm. (Rumpless Cock). Pig. et Gall. torn. II. p. 267.
Inhabits Ceylon. No tail or tail-coverts: wants the last dorsal vertebra.