This term is commonly used to designate a wood or marble lining, or covering of the inside walls, whether of paneled work or of plain matched boarding. The wainscoting may be made any height that is desired, but the most common height for living rooms is from 2 feet 8 inches to 3 feet. Halls and bathrooms are often wainscoted to a height of 4 feet or 4 feet 6 inches. Behind the kitchen or pantry sink the wainscoting should be at least 5 feet high to receive the plumbing.
Some kinds of wainscoting are especially desirable in kitchens, bathrooms, back stairways, etc., as a protection to the walls. Paneled wainscoting is usually considered as especially appropriate for front halls, libraries and dining rooms, and in the principal rooms of most public buildings.
Paneled wainscoting may be arranged in almost innumerable ways, but the method of putting together is or always should be the same. It always should be got out and put together in the shop in lengths as long as can be conveniently handled. Thus one piece will extend from the mantel to the adjoining corner of the room, or the space between two door or window trims will be filled with one piece. When it is possible to do so these sections should be rebated into the finish of the doors, windows, etc., and the angles should be tongued together. The plan, Fig. 271, shows the way in which this should be done.
The wainscoting is sometimes set outside the plaster, but often the lath and plastering are omitted back of the wainscoting or the plastering is done between the studding, so that the wainscot shall not have so great a projection. If the wainscot sets outside of the plastering the projection of the cap will be a or 3 inches, necessitating a very heavy door and window finish. On outside walls, however, whether of brick or frame, the plastering should always be carried to the floor behind the wainscoting. On brick walls the plastering may be applied between the furring strips, and on frame walls cleats may be nailed to the sides of the studding so that the plaster will be flush with the face of the studs ; this, however, involves some additional expense.
In the section and plan shown in Figs. 270 and 271 the plastering
A B is stopped by a ground placed just back of the cap. As the wain scoring is glued together and often varnished before it is set up, it is impossible to bend it to fit any irregularities in the walls, and hence it is usual to allow of a space of \ inch between the back of the paneling and the plaster or studding. The wainscoting should be fastened in place by screws put in from the top and beneath the floor line or behind the carpet strip. At the top should be a small, loose moulding that can be put on after the paneling is fixed in place and " scribed " to the wall. The usual thickness of the stiles and rails is 1 1/8 inches.
Fig. 270 shows a vertical section and part of the elevation of wain--scoting, 4 feet 6 inches high, set against the studding. This particular wainscot has a neck and a base 15 inches high.
If the wall above the wainscot is to be covered with silk or tapestry a pine slat from 1/8 to 3/8 inch thick is nailed to the plaster, as shown at detail A, Fig. 270, and on this slat the silk is tacked.