The small cupboard doors of pantries are usually trimmed with narrow fast joint butts of the pattern shown in Figs. 408 and 409. In the cheaper residences iron butts, laquered, are commonly used, but brass or bronze, or bronze-plated butts look much neater.

Two general styles of fastenings are used, viz.: the cupboard "catch" and the cupboard "turn." The principal difference between them is that in the " catch " the latch is drawn back by sliding the knob, while the latch of the "turn" is drawn back by turning the knob. Cupboard catches are made both flush and rim, as in Fig. 451, but the turn is only made in the rim pattern. Several ornamental cupboard turns may be found in the market especially suitable for the glass doors of the china closet. The Russell & Erwin catches and turns are made with both the common latch and an anti-friction latch.

250 Cupboard Trimming s 200334Fig. 453   Elbow Catch.

Fig. 453 - Elbow Catch.

Fig. 454   Lever Catch.

Fig. 454 - Lever Catch.

Where cupboard doors are used in pairs, the standing leaf is usually secured by an elbow catch {Fig. 453) placed on the back of the door with the strike fastened to a shelf or to the top of the cupboard.

Fig. 455    Drawer Pulls.

Fig. 455- - Drawer Pulls.

Fig. 454 shows a lever cupboard catch that works rather better than the surface catch, where there is a shelf about opposite the middle of the door.

Drawer pulls are made in a variety of shapes and sizes, the more common shapes, perhaps, being those shown in Fig. 455. Fig. 456 shows a style of pull with a plate for a label, that is known as a "druggist's drawer pull." The drawers of cabinets and furniture are commonly trimmed with " drop drawer pulls," consisting of a drop handle attached to a plate that is bolted to the front of the drawer. They are made in a variety of patterns and Usually in brass or bronze metal. The common drawer pull is sold more largely in cast or wrought iron, laquered or bronze-plated, although it may be obtained in solid bronze. An ornamental pull is shown in the group, Plate I.

Fig. 456  Druggists, 'a Drawer Pull.

Fig. 456 -Druggists, 'a Drawer Pull.

For clothes hooks there is nothing better than the triple cast iron clothes hook, japanned finish, except the same shaped hook in brass or bronze. A special upright hook is made for hats. It should be remembered that any iron hook on which damp clothes or cloths are to be hung will rust after a while, hence the hooks in bathrooms, toilet rooms, etc., should be of bronze or brass. The japanned finish for iron will resist rust longer than the other finishes except the Bower-Barff.