[This may be specified as in Section 274. If the sizes are not all shown on the drawings they should be given in the specifications].

Framing. - Frame for floors, roof, ceiling and partitions in a substantial manner as shown on drawings and as herein described; furnish all joist hangers, steel beams, bearing plates, bolts, nuts and washers, indicated on the drawings and herein specified.

The carpenter is to exercise care in framing so that important timbers will not require cutting for furnace pipes, gas pipes, etc.

All framing must be kept 2 inches from the outside of the chimneys, and in no case will any timber be allowed to rest on the chimneys.

Floor Framing. - The laundry is to have a wooden floor formed of 2x8-inch joists, 16 inches on centres, resting on a dwarf wall in the centre and on ledges built in the foundation walls at the sides. All other portions of basement, except in coal bins, will have a cement floor.

Girders and Posts. - The dining room floor joists will be supported by an 8x10-inch hard pine girder in one length, supported at the ends by the brick partition walls with an 8x12x1-inch cast iron bearing plate under each end of girder. The centre of the girder to be supported by an 8x8-inch post, dressed four sides, and with chamfered corners. The post to rest on a I2x12xl -inch cast iron plate with a dowel in the centre, bedded on the stone pier.

All other first floor joists to be supported by the partition walls. Furnish long 2x10inch hard pine planks, and have the brick mason bed in mortar on the walls and level carefully.

The ends of all floor beams built into brick walls, to be beveled (3) inches and all floor joists to be crowned -inch for every 12 feet of span. Where the ceilings are not furred the joists to be concaved on the under side to a uniform width.

All floor beams to be carefully leveled at their ends, and on the brick walls to be wedged up with hard bricks or slate chips - no bond timbers to be built into the walls.

Dining room beams to be framed flush with girder and supported in (Duplex) joist hangers.

Frame the first floor joists around all basement windows with double headers and trimmers, framed with tusk and tenon. Tail beams to be mortised 1 inch into header and well spiked.

Frame the floor beams, ceiling joists and rafters around all chimneys, hearths, scuttle, skylight and stair openings with double headers and trimmers, framed as above, except that all headers over 4 feet long shall be hung in Duplex joist hangers.

The trimmers for front stair well in second story to be 6x12-inch hard pine, extending from wall to partition, and the header to be formed of a 10-inch 25 pound steel beam, with a 3x10-inch plank fitted between the flanges and bolted to each side with {-inch bolts, spaced 2 feet apart in the length of the beam and staggered. Header to be hung in Duplex hanger (3/8x3 -inch stirrup) at each end. Tail beams to be framed into the 3x10-inch plank (or hung in Duplex hangers) and every third beam to be tied to header by -inch round iron dogs, hooked over the eyebeam and let into top of beams.

Frame for bay window in second story by bolting a 2x10-inch plank to the bottom of the opening, and frame 2x12-inch floor joists, 8 feet long, on top of this plate, extending, 4 feet inside of the wall with the inner end securely spiked to a 3x12-inch floor beam. The two outer beams to be 4 inches thick, with the common joists framed into them. Cut 2x4-inch pieces between the bay window joists, on a line with the other joists to receive the flooring.

Double the floor beams under all partitions running the same way, beams to be spaced 4 inches apart and blocked every 2 feet with 4-inch lengths of 2x12-inch joists securely spiked to each beam.

296. - Bridging

[All floor beams should be bridged once in every 8 feet in length, as specified in Section 275.]

The ceiling over third story to be framed in the same way as the floors (without bridging), the beams resting on the wall and on the partition caps. Truss the beams from the rafters of flat roof, as shown on section drawing, with lx6-inch boards, nailed to every beam and rafter with 10d. nails. Put temporary supports under the ceiling joists, 6 feet from bearing walls, until the beams are trussed.