The first carpenter's or joiner's work usually required in connection with either a frame or brick building is the making of the basement window frames, coal chute, and outside basement door frames, if there are to be any, as these are generally built into the wall as it progresses.

Fig. ,0.

Coal Chute. - As nearly every house that is heated by hot air, steam or hot water must have a coal bin in the basement, an opening for putting in the coal is a necessity. Very often an ordinary cellar window is utilized for this purpose, but where there is room it is better to construct a regular coal chute, as the ordinary window frame soon becomes marred and gets loose and the glass is frequently broken, Especially is this the case where soft coal in large lumps is used.

The author has found the construction indicated by the section and elevation drawings, Fig. 90, the most satisfactory and durable, and it presents a fairly neat appearance. The frame is made entirely of plank, those forming the bottom running across the wall instead of longitudinally with it, as in the sill of a window frame. The bottom of the frame should project 6 inches beyond the outside of the wall, so that the doors may have a slope outward, and also to afford greater facility in putting in the coal. The outside of the plank frame should be cased with 7/8-inch finished lumber, as shown in section C D, and the doors made of ceiling,* strongly battened and put together with screws or clinched nails. They should be hung with T-hinges, and may be fastened with hooks and staples on the inside. Pieces of studding should be nailed to the ends and bottom of the frame to hold it in the wall.