This section is from the book "Complete Self-Instructing Library Of Practical Photography", by J. B. Schriever. Also available from Amazon: Complete Self-Instructing Library Of Practical Photography.
358. Exposures under conditions which would ordinarily be considered impossible, can be obtained, and good negatives produced by the method of special development. In Part I of this instruction we will treat with Commercial Photography entirely. When making general exterior views, how often do we see pictures of scenes where, under a high sun, foliage and mountain tops are drowned into harshness, or even flatness, without any attempt at preserving the atmospheric effects visible. The haze in the distance, which is most beautiful to the eye, is lost entirely in the picture. Why? Because no special effort has been made to retain it. The hills instead of showing feeling and care are hard as stone. The haze is mere fog without atmosphere. All the most beautiful effects that are true to nature can be preserved, and it is these effects that make the picture interesting, and it is the object of this instruction to teach you how to retain them in every exterior that is out of the ordinary, and beyond this means of preservation with ordinary developing.
359. In interior photography we find many instances where it would seem absolutely impossible to obtain satisfactory reproductions of the view as it appears to the human eye. For instance, photographing interiors of churches with windows glazed with pictured glass which adds so much to the appearance of the structure. There may be light walls with dark trimmings, old mission pews, or they may be to the other extreme, all finished in white enamel and white marble, which make them still more difficult to reproduce photographically.
360. The photographing of the beautiful stained windows in clear detail, and at the same time retaining all the values of the dark trimmings, furniture, etc., seems difficult. Usually with non-halation plates one can produce fair results, yet there is always something lacking. The picture has not the snap, for while the halation from the light entering through the windows has been fairly well overcome, yet the life is absent. It must be understood that the use of non-halation plates is by no means to be discouraged. They are of great assistance, but by this special development greatly improved results can be obtained. You will not only retain the benefit of the double coated non-halation values of the plate, but will aid the plate employed in preserving and registering more accurately the view as it normally appears.
361. The photographing of interiors of the home admitting windows into the view is really important in making the room appear cheerful. The lace curtains and decorations generally with the strong light entering through the window, naturally over-exposing these portions would, if treated in the ordinary way, produce nothing but a haze and mist. While by the special development you can retain every thread of the design and figure in drapery and curtain as well as a clear view of the sash and window-frame, and at the same time obtain clear detail with splendid atmosphere throughout the room.
362. In the photographing of shops, public halls, and in extreme cases the photographing of difficult objects such as machinery which is stationary and cannot be removed to a more favorable light; and where in many cases the only illumination obtained comes from the side or rear, the windows which admit this one source of light must be taken into the view. By the ordinary method of developing, even with especially prepared plates, the results under these conditions would be very unsatisfactory and the worker would almost consider it impossible to produce a good presentable picture of his object or view. By this special method of development all this is overcome.
Interior Made with a Non-Halation Plate, Ordinary Development..
The Same Interior Made on an Ordinary Plate, with Special Development.
Illustration No. 12 Example of Overcoming Halation in Interior Photography See Paragraph No. 364.
363. It is a fact that any effect that is visible to the human eye can be retained in the picture by proper exposure and development.
364. Illustration No. 12 is a representation of such a view as one would be apt to believe impossible to secure without so much halation that the interest of the view would be lost. This picture becomes more interesting as an illustration in this instruction for the reason that it was made by one of our students after making a miserable failure of the same view by ordinary method of developing.