This section is from the book "Complete Self-Instructing Library Of Practical Photography", by J. B. Schriever. Also available from Amazon: Complete Self-Instructing Library Of Practical Photography.
Unsuccessful Work On Windy Days. A great source of trouble to the landscape worker comes from the movement of trees caused by the wind, when you desire, perhaps, to use a color screen and orthochromatic plates. To obtain exposures under these conditions you should make a series of short exposures during periods of quietness. A prolonged double exposure with a screen can thus be given if necessary. Should the wind be so strong as to cause a vibration or movement of the camera during the exposure, you will be able to overcome this movement by tying a large stone to a string and hanging it to the tripod head.
Pictures Appear Common And Uninteresting. This subject we have covered, to a certain extent, in the previous difficulties. Its cause is due to hasty work and inattention of the photographer in selecting and arranging the subject material. If the advice given in the preceding chapters has been followed, and you have selected simple subjects, arranged according to the fundamental principles of composition, your results will not be common, but will present pictorial sentiment. Much attention should be paid by the landscape photographer to the lighting of masses; detail should receive only secondary consideration. Light and shadow in landscape work are the cable and anchor of the pictorial photographer. Boldness of masses and breadth of effect are points that you must observe.
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374. The carrying out of a sentiment or idea can usually be aided by appropriateness of the sky.
375. Among the things- to avoid is the introduction of anything petty or commonplace, as well as the allowing of any spotty effect of lighting, often seen when the sun shines on or through leaves; for, in this latter case. the usual effect is that of snow instead of sun. Do not try to portray the majestic and the grand in landscape, but hold to the more simple subjects which will, with the beginner at least, give the best picture. The position of the sun may make all the difference in the composition of a landscape picture. An uninteresting view in the morning may become a perfect arrangement of lights and shadows under the effects produced by the afternoon sun.
Cannot Secure Proper Arrangement. By simply reading over what has gone before, you will not be able to produce the highest class of artistic results. To produce artistic work means study and practice. Apply each and every principle given. We have tried to eliminate all technicalities and give instruction - every step of which is necessary to the obtaining of artistic results. Improper arrangement of masses and subjects in the picture space will be sure to follow if you do not carry out the fundamental principles herein laid down.
377. Remember, that of all the places in the PICTURE, the center should not contain the main object. Referring to Illustration 30, you will see where the strongest points for location are. Do not infer from this that the principal object should not be located near the center, for in many cases it is so situated. To secure the best effect, the most important items or masses in your picture should appear on the left side, the right side being left a blank, if you have nothing with which to fill it. But, if the right hand side is left perfectly blank it is necessary that your main object of interest be placed quite near the center, while if your right hand space contains some small object of attraction the main object to the left should be further removed from the center.