This section is from the book "Clothing For Women: Selection, Design, Construction", by Laura I. Baldt. Also available from Amazon: Clothing For Women: Selection, Design, Construction.
To sew on a garment, conceal the knot of the thread (which should be double) under the button. Place a pin on top of the button, and sew back and forth across this in order to keep the thread loose enough beneath the button to wind the end of thread around when the sewing is complete; this forms a neck around which to draw the buttonhole. Fasten thread by taking two stitches on top of each other; complete with a buttonhole stitch.
Sew all around the small circular ends of both hooks and eyes, tack across the ends of the hooks to keep them in place; also across the eyes at sides to hold them firmly. When a very neat finish is desired the hooks and eyes may be sewed on with a buttonhole stitch.
Snap fasteners are sewed with several over-and-over stitches, taken in each hole on the edge of the fastener.
Tapes are turned in on one end, hemmed to the garment, and one-quarter inch from the turned edge, finished with a row of stitching. The loose end is hemmed or finished with blanket stitch.
1. What is the form of a running stitch and for what is it used?
2. Name and describe the varieties of basting.
3. Describe the process of gathering.
4. What is the difference between gauging and shirring?
5. For what is stitching used? Describe the method of making.
6. Wherein do overhanding and overcasting differ? What is the use of each?
7. Name and describe the varieties of hemming and the process of making the stitch.
8. Name and describe the processes in buttonhole making.