Scope of chapter........................

273

Appointment of agents may generally be informal.......................

274

Authority to enter into a sealed contract must be under seal.............

275

In some states authority for certain acts is required to be in writing.......

276

Apparent authority and estoppel......................................

277

Ratification........................................................

278

Termination of agent's authority

279

When an agent's authority is irrevocable....................

280

Contracts made by an agent in his principal's name are contracts of the principal .........................................................

281

Agents' liability when the principal though disclosed is not bound.......,

282

Different situations where the principal is undisclosed...................

283

Rights and liabilities of the agent where the agency is undisclosed........

284

Rights and liabilities of an agent who discloses his agency but does not name his principal...................

286

Rights and liabilities of the principal where the agency is undisclosed......

286

Rights and liabilities of the principal where the agency is disclosed but the principal not named ...........................................................

287

What is sufficient disclosure of the principal............................

288

Election of remedies where the principal is undisclosed...................

289

Undisclosed principal rather than his agent is entitled to enforce the contract

290

Defences to actions by an undisclosed principal.........................

291

Defences to actions against an undisclosed principal.....................

292

Defences to actions by the agent of an undisclosed principal..............

293

Defences to actions against the agent of an undisclosed principal..........

294

Informal written contracts...........................................

295

Sealed contracts................................

296

When simple contracts binding the principal may be implied.............

297

Only parties to negotiable instruments are liable thereon.................

298

What signatures to negotiable instruments bind the principal.............

299

Adoption by a principal or a corporation of the signature of an agent or officer

300

The body of the instrument may explain the meaning of the signature.....

301

Reformation of instrument and admission of parol evidence..............

302

A principal not liable on a negotiable instrument may be liable on its dishonor

303

Only parties to negotiable instruments have the right to enforce than.....

304

Public agents.......................

305

Promoters.................

306

Unincorporated associations....................

307

Unincorporated associations which are not partnerships..................

308

Procedure in enforcing rights and liabilities of unincorporated associations..

MM

Executors and administrators are liable personally on their contracts......

310

Executors and administrators may by special stipulation exempt themselves from personal liablity........................

311

Trustees are liable personally on their contracts................

312

Enforcement of claims against the trust estate....................

313

Guardians.....................

314

Receivers................................

315

Sec. 273. Scope Of Chapter

It is not within the limits of this work to consider broadly the law of agents or fiduciaries, but it is within its scope to determine who are regarded in law as the parties bound by a contract which has been entered into by an agent or other fiduciary.