The parties hereto enter into an agreement for collective bargaining with the intention of agreeing on wage and working conditions and to provide a method for adjusting all differences that may arise during the term of this agreement.
On the part of the employer, it is the expectation and intention that this agreement will result in the establishment and maintenance of a high order of discipline and efficiency by the willing cooperation of union workers; that by the exercise of this discipline, all stoppage and interruptions will cease; that good standards of workmanship and conduct will be maintained and a proper quantity, quality and cost of production will be assured; that cooperation and good will will be established between the parties hereto.
On the part of the union, it is the intention and expectation that this agreement will operate in such a way as to maintain and strengthen its organization so that it may be strong enough to cooperate, as contemplated in this agreement, and to command the respect of the employer; that they will have recourse to a tribunal in the creation of which their votes will have equal weight with that of the employer in which all of their grievances, including those concerning wages and working conditions, may be heard and all of their claims adjudicated.
This agreement is entered into between the New York Clothing Trades Association and the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America, and is effective from August 27, 1919, to August 26,1920.
A. The hours of work shall be forty-four per week, to be worked eight hours on week days, with a Saturday half holiday.
B. Overtime. For work done in excess of the regular hours per day, overtime shall be paid to piece workers of fifty per cent. in addition to their piece work rates; to week workers, at the rate of time and a half.
If there shall be a general change in wages in the clothing industry, during the life of this agreement, which will be sufficiently permanent to warrant the belief that the change is not temporary, the board of arbitration herein provided for, shall have power to determine whether such change is of so extraordinary nature as to justify a consideration of the question of making a change in the present agreement, and if so, then the board shall have power to make such changes in wages as in its judgment shall be proper.
A. It is agreed that the principle of the preferential shop shall prevail, to be applied in the following manner:
Preference shall be applied in hiring and discharge.
Whenever the employer needs additional workers, he shall first make application to the union, specifying the number and kind of workers needed.
The union shall be given a reasonable time to supply the number of workers required, and if unable, for any reason, to furnish them, the employer shall be at liberty to secure them in the open market as best he can.
In the like manner, the principle of preference shall be applied in the case of discharge.
Should it at any time become necessary to reduce the number of employees, the first ones to be dismissed shall be those who are not members of the union.
B. The provisions for preference made herein, require that the door of the union be kept open for the reception of nonunion workers. Initiation fee and dues must be maintained at a reasonable rate and any applicant must be admitted who is not an offender against the union and who is eligible for membership under its rules, provided that if any rules be passed that impose unreasonable hardships, or that operate to bar desirable persons, the matter may be brought before the tribunal herein provided for, for such remedy as it may deem advisable.
A. The full power to discharge and discipline remains with the employer, but it is understood that the power should be exercised with justice and with regard to the reasonable rights of the employees and if any employee feels that he has been unjustly discharged, he may appeal to the tribunal provided for, which shall have the power to review the case, and its decision shall be binding on the parties.
B. There shall be no stoppages of work, and if a stoppage shall occur because the person in charge shall have refused to allow the employees to continue work, he shall be ordered to immediately give work to the employees, or in case the employees have stopped work, the representatives of the employees shall order the employees to immediately return to work, and in case they fail to do so within one hour after being ordered, the employees concerned shall be considered as having left their positions and shall not be entitled to the benefit of this agreement.
C. During the slack season, the work shall be divided as nearly as practicable among all employees.
The administration of this agreement is vested in a board of arbitration and a trade board, together with such officials and representatives of the parties hereto as may be found necessary.
A. The board of arbitration shall have full and final jurisdiction over all matters arising under this agreement and its decision thereupon shall be conclusive. It will concern itself mainly with questions of principle, and the application of this agreement to new questions as they arise and it shall have the power to review the decisions of the trade board. It shall consist of three members, one of whom shall be chosen by the union, one by the employer and a third shall be the mutual choice of both parties hereto, who shall be the chairman of the board.
It shall be the duty of the board of arbitration to investigate all matters that are brought before it.
B. The trade board is the board for adjusting all complaints and grievances and shall have original jurisdiction over all matters arising under this agreement and the decisions relating thereto and shall consider and dispose of all such matters when brought before it subject to rules of practice and procedure to be hereafter established.
The board shall consist of not more than eleven members, all of whom, except the chairman, shall be employees of the company. The company and the union shall be equally represented in numbers and it is understood that these members shall be selected in such a manner as to be representative of the various departments.
The chairman of the board shall represent the mutual interests of both parties; shall assist in the investigation of complaints; shall endeavor to mediate conflicting interests and in case of disagreement shall cast the deciding vote on all questions before the board. The chairman of the trade board shall be the mutual choice of both parties hereto.
Complaints and Grievances
Any employee feeling himself aggrieved, shall present his complaint in the first instance to the shop chairman, who should take the matter up for adjustment with the shop superintendent. In the event that they are not able to agree, the shop chairman shall report the matter to the representatives of the union, who in turn may take the matter up with the employers' labor manager. In the event these two are unable to agree on an adjustment of the matter, the matter shall then be presented to the trade board for its decision.
In witness whereof the parties hereto have caused this to be signed by their respective authorized officers and representatives this........day of........a. d., 1919.
Dec. 13, 1919.
This agreement made and entered into this thirteenth day of December, nineteen hundred, by and between Luther C. White, in behalf of the Clothing Manufacturers' Association of Boston, and Samuel Zorn, Business Manager of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of Boston, witnesseth:-
That the present agreement between the manufacturers and the Amalgamated remains in full force until supplanted by another agreement, which shall incorporate therein the questions covered by the agreement of nineteen hundred and seventeen, and in addition thereto clauses stipulating that in consideration of certain raises made and promised by the Association to the Amalgamated of five dollars ($5.00) per week to each worker, beginning December 1st, 1919, no further increase shall be demanded or requested collectively or individually by the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of Boston until the expiration of the coming light-weight season (or, until June 1st, 1920).
It is also agreed that the Office of the Joint Board of the Amalgamated and the Office of the Employment Manager of the Association shall cooperate in any way possible in the judgment of the said Samuel Zorn and said Luther C. White to prevent unauthorized and uncalled for requests of individuals, sections or shops for raises in pay, inexperienced workers, excepted.
It is further agreed that immediate action be taken by the parties hereto to choose an impartial chairman for this market, satisfactory to both, and that his name shall be incorporated in the new agreement when drawn and made ready for signature on or before December 23rd, 1919,
As TO THE SCHEDULE IT IS FURTHER AGREED that a joint committee of four (4) be appointed by the Association and the Amalgamated to investigate wages paid in all shops in Boston, controlled by the Association, and make reports to both the Association and the Amalgamated.
In witness whereof we have hereunto signed our names this thirteenth day of December, nineteen hundred and nineteen.