This section is from the book "The Law Of Contracts", by William Herbert Page. Also available from Amazon: Commercial Contracts: A Practical Guide to Deals, Contracts, Agreements and Promises.
An offer is usually made to some definite person. In such case only such person can accept the offer, and acceptance by another has no legal effect.1 Thus an offer by A to B to guarantee X's debt to B, can not be accepted by C so as to create liability against A,2 as where an offer of guaranty, made to a firm is accepted by one partner who continues in business after dissolution of the firm.3 If A makes an offer to B and C, such offer can not be accepted by B and D.4 Such attempted acceptance is in effect a new proposition from such third person, which may be accepted by the offeror.
21 Bloom field v. Maloney, 176 Mich. 548, 142 N. W. 785.
22 Chambers v. Ogle, 117 Ark. 242, 174 S. W. 532; Hall v. State, 102 Wash. 519, 173 Ac. 429. (An action at law against the offeror, in which the rival claimant intervenes).
23 Rochelle v. Pacific Express Co., 56 Tex. Civ. App. 142, 120 S. W. 543.
1 England. Meynell v. Surtees, 3 Sm. & G. 101; Boulton v. Jones, 2 H. & N. 564; Gordon v. Street (1899), 2 Q. B. 641.
United States. National Bank v. Hall, 101 U. S. 43, 25 L. ed. 822.
District of Columbia. Mannix v. Hil-dreth, 2 D. C. App. 259.
Illinois. Second National Bank v. Diefendorf, 90 111. 396.
Indiana. Barnes v. Shoemaker, 112 Ind. 512, 14 N. E. 367.
Iowa. Schoonover v. Osborne, 108 la. 453, 79 N. W. 263; Federal Land & Securities Co. v. Hatch, 147 la. 18, 125 N. W. 837.
Kansas. Corley v. Ehlers, 99 Kan. 748, 163 Ac. 140.
Massachusetts. Rodliff v. Dallinger, 141 Mass. 1, 55 Am. Rep. 439, 4 N. E. 805.
Minnesota. Harris v. McKinley, 57 Minn. 198, 58 N. W. 991.
Nebraska. Crane Co., v. Specht, 39 Neb. 123, 42 Am. St. Rep. 562, 57 N. W. 1015.
New Jersey. Randolph Iron Co. v. Elliott, 34 N. J. L. 184.
New York. Barns v. Barrow, 61 N. Y. 39, 19 Am. Rep. 247.
Ohio. Taylor v. Wetmore, 10 Ohio 490.
Oregon. Davis v. Brigham, 56 Or. 41, 107 Ac. 961.
West Virginia. Rease v. Kittle, 56 W. Va. 269, 49 S. E. 150.
2 Taylor v. Wetmore, 10 Ohio 490
3 Second National Bank v. Diefen-dorf, 90 111. 396.
4 Crittenden v. Armour, 80 la, 221, 45 N. W. 888.
If a reward is offered for evidence leading to a conviction of the crime of purchasing votes, such reward can not be recovered by one who is himself guilty of buying votes,5 nor can such reward be recovered by one who has acted with such vote-buyer in securing convictions and who has taken an assignment of the interest of such vote-buyer in such reward.6