If a contract is signed by A, with the addition to his signature of the word "agent" or some other word importing agency, but the language of the contract is such as to bind A personally, A is held personally liable in many jurisdictions, and the contract is not looked upon as ambiguous. Where this view prevails, A cannot introduce extrinsic evidence that he was acting solely on behalf of his principal to relieve himself from liability.1 This rule applies to negotiable contracts. Thus where a note was signed "Mattress Co., John Knapp. Pt.," and begins "we promise,"2 or where a note begins "we promise," and is signed, "Canning Co., H. Wessel Sec'y., Hartman Pres.,"3 or begins "I promise," and is signed "A, agent,"4 or begins "we jointly and severally promise to pay to X in official capacity," and is signed by the individual names of the makers with the addition "Whitfield Road Committee,"5 or is signed "O. O. Prescott, Pres.," of a given corporation,6 or is signed by several who add "Board of Business Managers "7 or "as stockholders,"8 or where a draft is drawn by "A, Treas.,"9 or by "A, agent for B,"10 or is indorsed " A, agent,"11 or where a draft is accepted "H. P. Eells, Treasurer," 12 or by "A, agent K. & O. C. Co.,"13 extrinsic evidence is inadmissible to relieve the party so signing from personal liability.

2 Sparks v. Despatch Co., 104 Mo. 531; 24 Am. St. Rep. 351; 12 L. R. A. 714; 15 S. W. 417; Shuey v. Adair, 18 Wash. 188; 63 Am. St. Rep. 879; 39 L. R. A. 473; 51 Pac. 388.

3 Condon v. Pearce, 43 Md. 83.

4 Chandler v. Coe, 54 N. H. 561. 5Bulwinkle v. Cramer, 27 S. C.

376; 13 Am. St. Rep. 645; 3 S. E. 776.

6 Cream City Glass Co. v. Fried-lander, 84 Wis. 53; 36 Am. St. Rep. 895; 21 L. R. A. 135, 54 X. W. 28.

7 De Remer v. Brown, 165 X. Y. 410; 59 N. E. 129.

1 Moragne v. Machine Works, 124 Ala. 537; 27 So. 240; Lawrence County Bank v. Arndt, 69 Ark. 406; 65 S. W. 1052.

2 Matthews v. Mattress Co., 87 la. 246; 19 L. R. A. 676; 54 X. W. 225.

3Mc-Candless v. Canning Co., 78 la. 161; 16 Am. St. Rep. 429; 4 L. R. A. 396; 42 X. W. 635. For a similar note signed by the name of the company. A. "Mnger.," B, "Pres." See Albany Furniture Co. v. Bank, 17 Ind. App. 531; 60 Am. St. Pep. 178; 47 X. E. 227.

4 Collins v. Ins. Co., 17 O. S. 215; 93 Am. Dec. 612.