A discharge given under the act of 1898 is valid throughout the United States.1 A discharge in bankruptcy which is granted by a court of the United States, is a bar in an action brought in a court of the United States or in any of the state courts.2 A discharge in bankruptcy which is given by the courts of one nation is not a defense to an action brought in another nation,3 at least if the creditor was domiciled, at the time of the bankruptcy proceedings, in the nation in the courts of which it is sought to enforce the claim and in which such discharge is pleaded.4

21 Dean v. Justice, etc., 173 Mass. 453, 63 N. E. 803.

22 Knott v. Putnam, 107 Fed. 907.

23 Barry v. New York Holding & Construction Co., 229 Mass. 308, 113 N. E. 639.

See also, Bosworth v. Pomeroy, 112 Mass. 293.

1 Hanover National Bank v. Moyses, 186 U. S. 181, 46 L. ed. 1113

2 Ruiz v. Eickerman, 5 Fed. 790; Morency v. Landry, - N. H. -, 108 Atl 855; Moore v. Horton, 32 Hun

(N. Y.) 393; Pattison v. Wilbur, 10 R. I. 448.

Contra, McDougall v. Page, 55 Vt. 187, 45 Am. Rep. 602.

See, A Discharge in Insolvency, and Its Effect on Non-residents, by Hollis R. Bailey, 6 Harvard Law Review, 349.

3 Gibbs v. Societe Industrielle et Commerciale des Metaux, 25 Q. B. D. 399; New Zealand Loan & Mercantile Agency Co. v. Morrison [1898], A. C. 349.

See also, Morency v. Landry, - N. H. -, 108 Atl. 855.