It is well settled that money paid in discharge of another's obligation in order to prevent a sale of one's property or the sacrifice of one's property interests is recoverable:

Exall v. Partridge, 1799, 8 Term R. 308: Action against three lessees of certain premises to recover rent paid by the plaintiff in order to prevent the sale of his carriage which had been left on the premises in the care of one of the defendants and had been distrained by the landlord. Le Blanc, J. (p. 311): "The three defendants were all by their covenant bound to see that the rent was paid; by their default in not seeing that it was paid, the plaintiff's goods were distrained for a debt due from the three defendants to Welch [the landlord]; by compulsion of law he was obliged to pay that debt; and, therefore, I think he has his remedy against the three persons who by law were bound to pay, and who did not pay this money."

Among the cases which most frequently arise are those of the payment, by the owner, tenant, or mortgagee of property, of taxes or assessments on the property which are the obligation of another;1 the payment, by the purchaser of property, of a mortgage which ought to be paid by the seller;2 the payment, by a mortgagee, of the wages of a ship's crew or of other claims against a ship.1 But there are various other cases in which the same obligation is enforced.2

1 Dawson v. Linton, 1822, 5 Barn. & Ald. 521; Irvine v. Angus, 1899, 93 Fed. 629; 35 C. C. A. 501; Smith v. Rountree, 1900, 185 111. 219; 56 N. E. 1130; Greer v. McCarter, 1869, 5 Kan. 17; Phinney v. Foster, 1905, 189 Mass. 182; 75 N. E. 103; Dana v. Colby, 1884, 63 N. H. 169; Graham v. Dunigan, 1858, 2 Bosw. (N. Y. Super. Ct.) 516; Hogg v. Langstreth, 1881, 97 Pa. St. 255; Iron City Tool Works v. Long, 1886, (Pa.) 7 Atl. 82; Childress v. Vance, 1872, 1 Baxt. (60 Tenn.) 406; Spokane v. Security Sav. Soc, 1907, 46 Wash. 150; 89 Pac. 466, (payment of general taxes by muncipality to protect its lien for a street assessment); Childs v. Smith, 1909, 51 Wash, 457; 99 Pac. 304; 130 Am. St. Rep. 1107, (aff. on rehearing 1910, 58 Wash. 148; 107 Pac. 1053). Contra: William Ede Co. v. Heywood, 1908, 153 Cal. 615; 96 Pac. 81; 22 L. R. A. (N. S.) 562, (strong dissenting opinion by Justice Shaw).

2 Treat v. Craig, 1901, 135 Cal. 91; 67 Pac. 7; Weiss v. Guerineau, 1886, 109 Ind. 438; 9 N. E. 399; Sargent v. Currier, 1870, 49 N. H. 310; 6 Am. Rep. 524; Mclntyre v. Ward, 1846, 18 Vt. 434.