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Evacuation of Pensacola, Fla. - The
3,000 Confederates, under General Bragg, who had occupied Pensacola since January 12, 1861, fearing a visit from Commodore Porter's Union mortar-fleet, evacuated the city May 9, 1862. When leaving, they tired the navy-yard, destroying the extensive workshops, warehouses, forts McRae and Barrancas, the lighthouse and the magnificent naval hospital. The Unionists at Fort Pickens, by a heavy cannonade, succeeded in driving the Confederates from the forts and buildings, thus arresting the work of destruction.
Capture of Norfolk, Va. - May 10, 1862, the Confederate authorities of Norfolk surrendered the city to General Wool and his 5,000 Unionists, without a fight. The navy-yard was in ruins, the iron-clad Merrimack had been blown up, and many guns spiked. The Confederates left behind them some 200 cannon and considerable ammunition.
A Naval Fight - May 10, 1862, a fight occurred between 8 Confederate and 6 Union gunboats on the Mississippi river, near Fort Wright, in which the former were defeated, losing 2 of their vessels.
Surrender of Natchez, Miss. - May 12, 1862, Commodore Farragut's fleet captured Natchez, which was then occupied by a small Confederate force, and was soon after abandoned by the Unionists.
Naval Fight in Virginia - A squadron of 4 Union war vessels, under Commodore Rodgers, encountered a Confederate force at Fort Darling, on the James river, eight miles from Richmond, May 16. 1862, and after a sharp fight the fleet withdrew, having lost 13 killed and 16 wounded.
On the Chickahominy - May 17, 1862, Mc-Clellan's left wing, drove a body of Confederates across the Chickahominy, at Bottom bridge, 13 miles from Richmond.
Battle at Lewisburgh, Va. - May 23,
1862, a force of Confederates, under Colonel Heath, attacked a body of Unionists, and, after an hour's contest, were defeated. The Unionists lost 14 killed and wounded.
Battle of Front Royal, Va. - Fought May 23,1862, between Colonel Kenley,commanding a Union regiment, three companies and part of a battery, and a large force of Confederates, near Manassas gap, Va. After a desperate defense, Kenley retired across the Shenandoah, and rallied again; but was finally compelled to retreat, with a very heavy loss.
A Union Defeat - May 25, 1862, General Banks, with about 4,000 Unionists, encountered more than 25,000 Confederates, under Jackson and Ewell, at Strasburg, Va. Against such odds, after the first attack, and having held Winchester for two hours. Banks retreated to Williamsburgh to await reinforcements.
Battle of Hanover Court House, Va.
- Fought May 27, 1862, between Fitz John Porter's division of Unionists and 13,000 Confederates. The latter were dislodged with the loss of about 200 killed, 730 prisoners, 2 railroad trains, arms, and ammunition. The Union loss was 53 killed and 344 wounded and missing.
Movements at Corinth, Miss. - May 28, 29 and 30, 1862, Corinth was invested by the Unionists under Generals Halleck, Pope and W. T. Sherman. On the 29th the Confederates, under Beauregard, evacuated their position, and on the 31st the Unionists, under General Halleck, occupied the town. General Pope, with 40,000 Unionists, pursued the fugitives (whose retreat had been obstructed by another Union force), and took many prisoners. Beauregard, however, again rallied his forces at Okolono, Miss.
Battle of Seven Pines, Va. - Fought May 31, 1862, between a large force of Confederates, under Longstreet, D. H. Hill, and Smith, and the Union troops in Casey's division of McClellan's army. Casey sustained his position for three hours against superior numbers, but finally fell back to the Seven Pines. They were dislodged from that position by the Confederates, and driven to a belt of woods, where the 1,800 Unionists, under Heintzelman, made so strong a resistance as to check the assault. Both armies then separated and encamped for the night.
Battle of Fair Oaks, Va. - While the battle of the Seven Pines was in progress, May 31, 1862, another battle was fought at Fair Oaks, hardly a mile away, between the Unionists in Sumner's division of McClellan's army and about 38,000 Confederates, under Johnston and Smith. The contest continued from four o'clock in the afternoon until twilight, when the Unionists charged upon the foe, driving them back in confusion at about the time that the struggle at the Seven Pines closed. Johnston was severely wounded in the last attack. Both armies bivouacked on the field, but a short distance from each other. Next morning hostilities were resumed at Fair Oaks, but not at the Seven Pines. Sumner being reinforced by Hooker, after an hour's hard fighting the Confederates were driven from the shelter of the woods, and retreated in confusion to Richmond.
Losses at the Seven Pines and Fair
Oaks - The losses of the Unionists in both battles were 890 killed, 3,627 wounded, 1,222 missing. The total loss of the Confederates is estimated at 6,733.
Fort Pillow Besieged - Fort Pillow, about 40 miles north of Memphis, Tenn., was erected by the Confederates. After a siege of 54 days by Union gunboats, under Commodore Foote, the fort, occupied by 6,000 Confederates, under General Villipigue, was abandoned, it having been dismantled and destroyed, June 5, 1862.
Battle Near Memphis, Tenn. - Fought June 6, 1862, between 8 Confederate war-vessels, under Commodore Montgomery, and a Union fleet of 5 gunboats and 9 rams, commanded by Colonel Ellet. Four of the Confederate vessels were sunk and 3 were run ashore. After the battle, the city of Memphis was surrendered to the Unionists, and was always afterwards retained by them.
Skirmish Near Harrisonburg, Va. -
Fought June 6, 1862, between Unionists and Confederates, under General Ashby, who was killed.
Battle of Cross-Keys, Va. - Fought June 8, 1862, between a Union force under General Fremont, and 5,000 Confederates under General Ewell, a contest that retarded Fremont's advance. The Union loss was 664; that of the Confederates is unknown.