For the purpose of giving inflection to certain words, or to designate the prolongation of occasional syllables in a word, the author frequently finds it convenient to use certain characters to denote such accents. To illustrate :

The Acute (ß) gives the rising inflection ; as

"Will you ride?"

The Grave (Ó) the falling; as

" Will you wÓlk or ride."

The Circumflex (Ô.) indicates the rising and falling inflection in the same syllable ; as,

" Machine," MontreÔl," etc.

The Macron (-) placed above a letter designates a full, long vowel sound ; as

"Fāte." "Hōme." "Nōte." "Ēve," etc.

A Breve ( ˘ ) denotes a short sound, when placed above a vowel; as

" Ă-dōre." " Glō-rĭ-oŭs."

The Diosresis (ń) is used for the purpose of dividing a diphthong, or syllable into two distinct syllables; as

" AvengŰd" " BelovŰd."

Also when two vowels come together, this character is sometimes used to show that they are not contracted into a diphthong; as

"Co÷perate." "Re´terate." "Reńppear."

The Cedilla (ă) is a mark placed under the c to denote that its sound is the same as the letter s; as

"ăhaise." " Fašade."

The Tilde (˝) placed over an n gives it the sound of ny ; as

"Mi˝on." "Se˝or."