This section is from the book "Hill's Manual Of Social And Business Forms: A Guide To Correct Writing", by Thos. E. Hill. Also available from Amazon: Hill's Manual Of Social And Business Forms: The How-To-Do-Everything Book Of Victorian America.
INDIVIDUALS entitled to obtain pensions from the United States government for wounds or injuries to their persons or health, received in the line of duty, so that they are incapacitated for active service or for earning their own support, are the following:
Any officer of the army, in either division, and any officer of the navy or marine corps.
Any enlisted man, however employed, in the military or naval service of the United States.
Any master serving on a government gun-boat, or any pilot, engineer, sailor, or other person not regularly mustered into the naval service.
Any person not enlisted in the army, but who has served as a volunteer soldier or militiaman in any regularly organized military or naval force.
Any assistant or contracting army surgeon, or provost-marshal, deputy provost-marshal, or enrolling officer.
The following are the pensions per month, allowed for total disability in the army and navy, payable every six months :
Army Pension. - Lieutenant-colonels, and all above that rank, $30; major, $25; captain, $20; first lieutenant, $17; second lieutenant, $15; non- commissioned officers, musicians and private soldiers, $8.
Navy Pension. - Captain, commander, surgeon, paymaster and chief-engineer (by law; ranking as commanders), lieutenant-commanding and master-commanding, $30; lieutenant, surgeon, paymaster and chief-engineer (by law ranking as lieutenants;, and passed assistant-surgeon, $25; professor of mathematics, master, assistant-surgeon, assistant-paymaster and chaplain, $20; first assistant-engineers and pilots, $15; passed midshipman, midshipman, captain's and paymaster's clerks, second and third assistant-engineers, master's-mate and all warrant officers, $10; all petty officers, and all other persons not named above, but employed in the naval service, $8.
Only one full pension can be claimed by the relatives of a deceased officer, soldier or seaman, and these are classified, in order of precedence, as follows: Widow of officer, soldier, or seaman, if he was married; then mother, if living; if mother is dead, then father; if there is no widow, father or mother, then to dependent brothers and sisters.
The law of 1886 provides that the rate of pension for widows, minor children and dependent relatives of soldiers and sailors, whose names had been previously placed on the pension-rolls, or hereafter to be enrolled thereon, and entitled, heretofore, to receive only a less rate, shall be $12 per month. The existing allowance of $2 per month for child under sixteen is continued.
Invalid pensions to officers, soldiers and seamen begin from the date of the pensioner's discharge from the service, if the application was filed in the pension office prior to July 1, 1880. If tiled after that date, the applicant can draw a pension only from and after the date of his application. The pensions of relatives begin at the date of the death of the pensioner.
It will be noticed in the following declarations - and this the government laws require - that the identity of the claimant is established by the oaths of two witnesses, certified by a proper officer to be respectable and truthful, who are present and testify to the signature of the claimant.
Applicants for invalid pensions must, if possible, produce certificates from the captains or some other commissioned officers under whom they served, distinctly stating the times and places when and where the applicants were disabled or seriously wounded, and the nature of the disability, and that this occurred while the claimant was actually in the service of the United States and performing his duty.
Should the proper officer be dead or beyond reach, the applicant must swear to that fact, and produce the testimony of two credible witnesses upon the subject; and the good character of these witnesses must be vouched for by some judicial officer, or by some one well known at the treasury department at Washington. The testimony of these witnesses must be minute in detail, and they must show on what their knowledge of the facts is founded.
The personal habits of the applicant and his occupation, after having been discharged from the service, must also be verified by the testimony of two trustworthy witnesses.
The counsel of an intelligent lawyer, when applying for a pension, will greatly aid the claimant in establishing his rights.
The fees of agents to obtain pensions are Five Dollars.
The first thing to be done by the claimant for a pension is to make out, sign and verify by oath and proper witnesses, the following declaration - if formerly in the army: invalid Applicant's Declaration.
State of Ohio, County of Cuyahoga, s.s.
On this first day of April, A. D. one thousand eight hundred and eighty-seven, personally appeared before me, a judge (or clerk) of the circuit (or county) court, a court of record within and for the county and State aforesaid, Jonas Allen, a resident of the city of Toledo, Miami county, and State of Ohio, aged forty-seven years, who, being duly sworn according to law, declares that he is the identical Jonas Allen who was enrolled on the twelfth day of October, A. D. 1861, in Company D, of the Seventieth Regiment of Ohio Volunteer Infantry, commanded by Captain Robert Bell, and was honorably discharged at Cleveland, Ohio, on the seventeenth day of July, A. D. 1864; that his personal description is as follows: Age, forty-seven years; height, five feet and five and one-half inches; complexion, pale; hair, brown; eyes, blue; that while a member of the organization aforesaid, in the service and in the line of his duty at Honey Creek, in the State of Missouri, on or about the tenth day of June, A. D. one thousand eight hundred and sixty-four, he (here state the name or the nature of the disease, or the location of the wound or injury; if disabled by disease, state fully its cause; if by wound, or injury, the precise manner in which it was received) ; that he was treated in hospitals as follows: (here state the names or numbers, and the localities, of all hospitals in which treated, and the dates of treatment); that he has (not) been employed in the military or naval service otherwise than is stated above; (here state what the service was, whether prior or subsequent to that stated above, and the dates at which it began and ended); that he has not been in the military or naval service of the United States since the seventeenth day of July, A. D. one thousand eight hundred and sixty-four; that since leaving the service this applicant has resided in the city of Toledo, in the State of Ohio, and that his occupation has been that of a clerk in a lawyer's office; that prior to his entry into the service above named he was a man of good, sound, physical health, being, when enrolled, a carpenter and joiner by trade; that he is now (entirely, or partially, or seriously) disabled from obtaining his subsistence by manual labor by reason of his injuries, above described, received in the service of the United States; and he therefore makes this declaration for the purpose of being placed on the invalid pension roll of the United States. He hereby appoints, with full power of substitution and revocation, Stephen J. Merritt, of Cleveland, Ohio, his true and lawful attorney to prosecute his claim; that he has (not) received (and, or nor) applied for a pension; that his residence is No. 3756 Dollarhide street, Toledo, Ohio, and that his post-office address is the same (or some other, as the case may be.) JONAS ALLEN.
George. S. Swan, Thomas Wrenn,
Also personally appeared George S. Swan, residing at No. 73 Erie street, Cleveland, Cuyahoga county, Ohio, and Thomas Wrenn, residing at No. 406 River street, Toledo. Miami county, Ohio, persons whom I certify to be respectable and entitled to credit, and who, being by me duly sworn, say they were present and saw Jonas Allen, the claimant, sign hi* name (or make his mark) to the foregoing declaration; that they have every reason to believe from the appearance of said claimant and their acquaintance with him that he is the identical person he represents himself to be; and that they have no interest in the prosecution of this claim.
George S. Swan. Thomas Wrenn.
Widow's Application When the Soldier Was Killed in Battle.
The widow of a soldier, who died while in the line of his duty and is entitled to a pension under the laws of the United States, must execute an affidavit similar to the foregoing, setting forth that she
Doth on her oath make the following declaration in order to obtain the benefits of the provision made by the act of Congress, approved July 14, 1862, granting pensions; that she is the widow of Charles James Fox, late of the county of Oswego, and State of New York, who was a corporal in Company M, commanded by Captain Martin Roy, in the Ninety-third Regiment of New York Volunteer Infantry, mustered into the service of the United States, from the State of New York, in the war of 1861, and who was killed at the first battle of Bull Run, on the twenty-first day of July, A. D. 1861, as this deponent verily believes. She further declares that she was lawfully married to the said Charles James Fox, at Oswego, in the State of New York, by the Rev. William Pitt, a clergyman of the Congregational church, on the fourth day of February, A. D. 1856; that her husband, the aforesaid Charles James Fox, died on the day above mentioned, as she verily believes, and she remained his faithful wife until his decease. She further declares that she has remained his widow ever since the death of her said husband. She further declares that she had by her said deceased husband one child, a boy, now living, under the age of sixteen years, named Ebon Fox, aged eight years, and residing with her at Oswego, in the State of New York; and that she has not, in any manner, been engaged in. or aided or abetted, the rebellion in the United States, and that her maiden name was Stella Swift. My post-office address is 750 Fifth street, Oswego, Oswego county, State of New York. STELLA FOX.
Also personally appeared Mary Rose and Hermann Lange, residents of Oswego, in the county of Oswego, and State of New York, persons whom I certify to be respectable and entitled to credit, and who, being by me duly sworn, say that they were present and saw Stella Fox sign her name to the foregoing declaration; and they further swear that they have known the parties above described to have lived together as husband and wife five years previous to and up to the time of deceased going into the aforesaid service of the United States, and that they have every reason to believe, from the appearance of the applicant, and their acquaintance with her, that she is the identical person she represents herself to be; and that they have no interest in the prosecution of this claim.
[Sworn to and subscribed as in the declaration preceding.]