The Secretary of the Interior may also appoint qualified surgeons, not exceeding four in number, to perform the duties of examining surgeons when so required, and they are borne on the rolls of his office as clerks of the fourth class, with salaries of $1,800 a year each.

The Secretary of the Interior 487A Sketch of the Work in the Department of the Interior.

A Sketch of the Work in the Department of the Interior.

THE DEPARTMENT of the Interior, at Washington, is governed by the Secretary of the Interior. There is also an Assistant Secretary of the Interior, appointed by the President, whose duties are prescribed by the Secretary, or by law. There are in the Department of the Interior the following bureaus, controlled by their respective commissioners: The General Land Office, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Pension Office, Patent Office, and Office of Education.

Duties Of The Secretary Of The Interior

The Secretary of the Interior has supervision of the census, when directed by law; the public lands, including mines; the Indians; pensions and bounty lands; patents for inventions; the custody and distribution of government publications; the educational interests; the Government Hospital for the Insane, and the Columbia Asylum for the Deaf and Dumb.

He exercises all the powers and performs all the duties in relation to the Territories of the United States that were by law or custom performed, previous to March 1, 1873, by the Secretary of State. He has, also, supervisory and appellate powers in relation to all acts of United States marshals, and others, in taking and returning the census of the country. He has also supervision of all the expenditures of his department. He also reports annually to Congress the nature, character, and amounts of all claims presented to him during the preceding year, under laws or treaty stipulations for compensation for depredations committed by Indians, whether allowed by him or not, and the evidence on which he based his action; also, the quantity and kind of the copies of public journals, books and documents received from the government for distribution, and the manner of their distribution in detail.

General Land Office

The Commissioner of the General Land-Office performs, under the directions of the Secretary of the Interior, all executive duties pertaining to the survey and sale of the public lands of the United States, or in anywise respecting such public lands, such as relate, also, to private claims of land, and the issue of patents for all grants of land under the authority of the government. He makes plats of lands surveyed under the authority of the United States, and gives such information respecting the public lands and concerning the business of his office as may be directed.

All patents issued from the Land-office bear the authority of the United States, are signed by the President, countersigned by the Commissioner of the General Land-Office, and are recorded in that office.

Duty Of The Recorder

It is the duty of the Recorder of the General Land-Office, under instructions from the commissioner, to certify and affix the seal of the office to all patents for public lands, and to attend to their correct engrossing, recording and transmission; to prepare alphabetical indexes of the names of persons entitled to patents and those who receive them, and to prepare copies and exemplifications of matters on file or records in the General Land-Office as the commissioner may direct.