This section is from the book "Hill's Manual Of Social And Business Forms: A Guide To Correct Writing", by Thos. E. Hill. Also available from Amazon: Hill's Manual Of Social And Business Forms: The How-To-Do-Everything Book Of Victorian America.
THE Vice-President is elected at the same time and by the same process as the President of the United States. No man who is ineligible for the office of President can be elected Vice-President. He goes into office with the President, and their terms of office expire on the same day.
In case the President resigns or dies, or becomes unable to exercise the functions of his office, or is removed from it, the duties of his position shall be performed by the Vice-President during the remainder of the term for which both were elected. In case both die or resign or become unable to perform the duties required of them, or are removed from office, Congress has the power to declare by law what other officer shall then act as President.
The Vice-President is-, by virtue of his office, the President of the United States Senate, and in case of his death, removal, resignation, or inability, the Senate may elect a presiding officer of the Senate, who shall also be President of the United States should any cause create a vacancy in that office. The Vice-President may be removed from his office on impeachment for, and conviction of, treason, bribery, or other high crimes or misdemeanors.
As presiding officer of the Senate, he cannot vote except when there is an equal division of the Senate on any question, and his vote is decisive.
It is his duty, also, as presiding officer of the Senate, to open, in the presence of the assembled Senate and House of Representatives, all the certificates of the election of the President and Vice-President of the United States, and superintend the counting of the votes accompanying the certificates.