The list of gray iron castings shown in Fig. 165 is followed by that for malleable iron, steel, brass, and bronze castings, and these by the list of forgings (see Fig. 166), specifying materials, and lastly by the list of purchased parts and materials. As these lists are quite similar for the several machines, as for instance, a series of lathes differing principally in the size, the matter may be nearly all printed. Materials from which forgings are to be made may be briefly marked thus: WI wrought iron, CS cast steel, TS tool steel, etc.

Size, 5« × 8« in. Color, White.

Fig. 164. Size, 5« × 8« in. Color, White.

Size, 5« × 8« in. Color, White.

Fig. 165. Size, 5« × 8« in. Color, White.

The blank shown in Fig. 167 will include bolts, nuts, washers, cap, gib and set screws, sheet brass and steel, brass tube, square and round cold rolled or drawn machine steel, tool steel, and similar stock.

Size, 5« x 8« in. Color, White.

Fig. 166. Size, 5« x 8« in. Color, White.

Size, 5 « × 8« in. Color, White.

Fig. 167. Size, 5 « × 8« in. Color, White.

The first assistant superintendent will have made out the order to the foreman of the foundry for gray iron castings on the form in Fig. 168. The blank is perforated down the center. The right-hand portion is torn off and sent to the foundry. The other half is used to check the number of pieces and weights as the castings are received. Their weight will be added to the material card.

The requisition for forgings is Fig. 169. This is filled out in duplicate, the first half being retained to check receipts of forgings upon, and the second half is sent to the foreman of the forge shop as his authority for doing the work, for which stock will habitually be stored in the forge shop, having been delivered in bulk by the storekeeper and charged. It is to be checked on forgings delivered, each lot bearing its proportion of waste according to the job and stock used. A special account of this stock is kept by the storekeeper, charging additions and crediting with forgings turned out.

The requisition for materials is Fig. 170. This is filled out in duplicate and sent entire to the storekeeper, who retains the first half and sends the second half with the materials, where they are ordered by a note at the bottom of the first half. He fills in the costs for the guidance of the foreman to which it is sent.

The requisition for purchased parts, parts that are purchased in a finished or nearly finished condition for use, is Fig. 171.

Before the job starts in the shop a stout card is prepared to receive the costs of material and labor expended upon it. The front of this card is shown in Fig. 172. The card has a list of the usual materials given in one column, while the other is left blank for the other articles used. The weights, number of pieces, and the cost, as shown by the storekeeper's invoice received with the articles, is also written in by the foremen. The back of card shows an account of the time spent on the job as provided for in Fig. 173.

This time account the foreman obtains from the employees' job cards, registered in the time clock as hereafter described. This material and cost card will go with the work from one department to another, receiving its additions of material and labor account as it passes along, and furnishing, when the job is completed, a correct material and labor account of the work, and is turned in to the cost clerk.

These blanks are made of different colors to assist in their ready identification, as it is well known that colors appeal to the sight much more quickly than does the printed heading. The colors of the different blanks are so arranged that similar colors do not appear in the same department for different purposes. The blanks are arranged to suit regular printer's sizes of paper, which is usually 17 in. × 22 in., and cardboard, which is 22 in. x 28 in. It is not necessary or advisable that all blanks shall be of a uniform size, although there should be no more different sizes than necessity or convenience demands. They may be ruled horizontally for convenience in writing if desired, but many prefer them plain, particularly in the smaller sizes.

Size, 8« × 11 in. Color, Grey.

Fig. 168. Size, 8« × 11 in. Color, Grey.

Size, 8« × 11 in. Color, Light Blue.

Fig. 169. Size, 8« × 11 in. Color, Light Blue. (The last column at right should be " number delivered").

It is now proper to describe the method by which labor is accounted for. There is in vogue in the different shops of the country many and various styles and forms of time cards for recording the time of employees on different jobs of work or on different operations on pieces of the same job. A large majority of these require the employee to do some writing upon them. This is disagreeable to the men and frequently not correct. It is difficult to tell why a man does not want to make out a time card, but every shop man knows the fact well enough, and all have heard men growl about it and say, "I'm a machinist, not a bookkeeper or a clerk," and if they don't swear aloud they are apt to think it, and that injures their efficiency just as much. Various registering clocks have been devised to remedy these difficulties and to a greater or less degree they have helped matters quite a good deal. One of the most practical of these is that called the International Card Recorder. In this clock a card is dropped into a receptacle, a lever depressed and as a bell rings the actual time to the minute is printed on the time card in a space allotted to it. The changes from A. m. to p. m. as well as that from day to day are performed automatically by the clock mechanism. A lever operated by the workman changes the position of the card from "in" to "out" according as the man is beginning or quitting work. The cards are of sufficient length to contain a week's record, and special spaces are provided for overtime. They are made out by the timekeeper and placed in the "out" rack on Saturday after the men have quit work. They have the workman's name and number at the top and are kept in a special rack or case at the side of the clock from which the workmen approach it, so that they may each take the proper card out of the case, step to the clock, stamp the hour, pass to the case on the opposite side of the clock and drop it into the case there. Over these cases are placards bearing the words "Day Time. IN." and "Day Time. OUT." One of these time cards is Fig. 174.

Size, 8« × 11 in. Color, Light Green.

Fig. 170. Size, 8« × 11 in. Color, Light Green.

Size, 8« × 11 in. Color, Yellow.

Fig. 171. Size, 8« × 11 in. Color, Yellow.

Size, 57 in. Six Ply Card Board. Color, Light Red.

Fig. 172. Size, 5×7 in. Six Ply Card Board. Color, Light Red.

The Time Account (on the back of the Material and Cost Card).

Fig. 173. The Time Account (on the back of the Material and Cost Card).

The Time Card, size, 3⅜ × 5 « in. Straw Colored Card Board.

Fig. 174. The Time Card, size, 3⅜ × 5 « in. Straw Colored Card Board.