Further information respecting these Patents may be obtained at J. Murdoch's British and Foreign Patent Office, 7, Staple Inn, Holborn, London.

24th March, 1802. R. Trevithick and A. Vivian. For methods of improving the construction of steam engines, and the application thereof for driving carriages and for other purposes. - Described at page 379.

28th Feb. 1803. J. Woodhouse. For a new method of forming a cast iron rail or plate, which may be used in making iron railroads, or ways for the working and running of waggons, carts, drays, and other carriages on public and other roads, and also a new method of fixing, fastening, and securing such cast iron rail or plate on such roads.

Rails Formed As Hollow Quadrangular Blocks Of Cast Iron, Concave On Their Upper Surface

Described further at page 380.

10th April, 1811. J. Blenkinsop. Certain mechanical means by which the conveyance of coals, minerals, and other articles is facilitated, and the expense attending the same is rendered less than heretofore. - Described at page 382.

30th Dec. 1812. W. and E. W. Chapman. For a method or methods of facilitating the means, and reducing the expense, of carriages, on railways and other roads. - Described at page 384.

22d May, 1813. W. Brunton. A method and machinery for propelling or drawing carriages upon roads or railways. - Described at page 385.

28th Feb. 1815. R. Dodd and G.Stephenson. For various improvements in the construction of' locomotive engines. - Described at page 386.

18th Nov. 1815. Jos. Baader For an improved plan of constructing railroads, and carriages to be used on such improved railroads; for the more easy, convenient, and expeditious conveyance of all sorts of goods, wares, merchandise, persons, and all other articles usually, or at any time, removed in carriages of any construction whatever.

30th Sept. 1816. W. Losh and G. Stephenson. For a method or methods of facilitating the conveyance of carriages, and all manner of goods and materials along railways and frameways, by certain inventions and improvements in the construction of the machine carriages, carriage wheels, railways and frameways employed for that purpose.

Improvements In The Construction Of Edge Rails And Tram Plates, And In The Mode Of Supporting Them And Connecting Them To Each Other; Also In The Employing Steam Cylinders To Support The Body Of The Locomotive, And Forming Railway Wheels With Wrought Iron Tires And Cast Iron Spokes, Or Vice Versa

See further pages 387 and 389.

5th Jug. 1817. J. Hawks. For a method of making iron rails, to be used in the construction of railways.

The Upper Side Of The Rail Is Formed Of Cast Iron, And The Lower Or Under Side Of Wrought Iron, Which Is Inserted Into The Former During The Casting

See further page 391.

23d Oct. 1820. J. Birkenshaw. Certain improvements in the manufacturing and construction of a wrought or malleable iron railroad or way.

Making Wrought Iron Rails Of A Prismatic Or Wedge Form

See further page .392.

14th Sept. 1821. W. Losh. Certain improvements in the construction of iron rails for railways.

The Improvements Consist, First, In Fixing Bars Of Malleable Iron On The Upper Surface Of A Line Of Cast Iron Rails, Or Wrought Iron Rails, So As To Form An Uninterrupted Line The Whole Length Of The Bar; Secondly, Fixing A Strap Of Wrought Iron To The Under Side Of A Cast Iron Rail; Thirdly, Uniting Two Wrought Iron Ribs Or Sides To A Third Plate Of Wrought Iron To Form A Rail

See further page 393.

24th Oct. 1821. B. Thompson. Method of facilitating the conveyance of carriages along iron and wood railways, tramways, and other roads.

22d Nov. 1821. H. R. Palmer. Improvements in the construction of railways and tramroads, and of the carriage or carriages to be used thereon. - Described at page 394.

19th Feb. 1824. John Vallance. For producing locomotion by stationary engines. - Described at page 486.

28th Feb. 1824. W. James. Certain improvements in the construction of rail and tramroads, or ways, which rail tramroads or ways are applicable to other useful purposes.

Railways formed of cast iron tubes, having flat tops for the carriage wheels of a train to run upon; the hollow space within being designed for the conveyance of water, to supply water to work machinery by its descent. The patentee also proposed to impel the carriages of a train by these conduits, by causing the water to act upon drums.

18th Dec. 1824. W. F. Snowden. For a wheel way and its carriage or carriages, for the conveyance of passengers, merchandize, and other things, along roads, rails, and other ways, either on a level or inclined plane, and applicable to other purposes. - Described at page 396.

5th March, 1825. W.H.James. Improvements on railways and in the construction of carriages to be employed thereon. - Described at page 399.

2d April, 1825. Jacob J.Fisher. New application of railways, and the machinery to be employed thereon. - Described at page 400.

12th April, 1825. R. W. Brandling. Certain improvements in the construction of railroads, and in the construction of carriages to be employed thereon, and elsewhere. - Described at page 401.

10th May, 1825. T. Hill. Certain improvements in the conctruction of railways and tramroads, and in carriages to be used thereon, and on other roads. - Described at page 401.

14th Aug. 1827. Wm. Chapman. Certain improvement, or certain improvements in the construction of waggons that have to travel on railways, or on tramways.

The construction of framework underneath the body of the waggons, to connect the wheels together and allow them more vertical play, and afford a more equal bearing on the four wheels, in those parts of the railroad where the inequality of the level might cause them to bear upon three wheels only.

1st May, 1828. Jon. Brownhill. Improved methods of transferring vessels from a higher to a lower level, or from a lower to a higher level on canals, and also for the more conveniently raising and lowering of weights, carriages, or goods on railroads, and for other purposes.