Boil 1 cwt. limawood; decant it in the same man ner as the last, and add 56 lb. crimson vat spirits; renovate with killed spirits, 7° Tw.
For 40 lb. 10 lb. sumach; spirit vat, 2 1/2° Tw.; 12 lb. limawood; 1 quart red spirits. After being prepared with sumach, winch it in the spirit vat for 2 hours; lift, and wash well in 3 waters; boil or scald the limawood; decant the clear liquor into another vessel; enter, and winch in this for 30 minutes; lift, and raise in the same liquor, with 1 quart of red spirits.
Boil 1 cwt. of the best logwood in 30 gallons of water for 3 or 4 hours, when it will be reduced to 26 gallons; decant the clear liquor into a wood or stone vessel; let it stand till quite cold, and add 56 lb. purple vat spirits, 7° Tw. In renovating this vat, it is male up with raw muriatic acid till the glass stands as high as when set.
Boil 1 1/2 lb. of limawood in 3 gallons water; decant the clear into a tub containing 20 gallons water, and a ld 5 quarts double muriate of tin; the hydrometer will stand at 7° Tw.; renovate with double muriate of tin.
For 50 lb. Preparation, 12} lb. sumach; spirit tub, 3° Tw. Dyeing, 12} lb. limawood; l lb. logwood to blue. Raising, 1 quart red spirits; wrought like claret.
For 40 lb. Preparation, 16 lb. sumach; spirit tub, 3° Tw. Dyeing, 24 lb. limawood, 3 1/2 lb. turmeric. Raising) 6 lb. alum. After lying in sumach 24 hours, lift, and winch it in the spirit tub; wash well out; boil the wood; decant the clear liquor into a large tub; enter, and winch for 30 minutes; then raise with alum.
For 50 lb. Boil 4 lb. fustic, 2 lb. limawood, 2 lb. madder. Decant and work in this 15 minutes; air out and repeat; lift, and add 4 or 6 oz. copperas; enter again,and work till you get the required shade; then wash and dry.
For 50 lb. 10 lb. acetate of lead, 5 lb. chrome. Dissolve separately and put each into a tub containing 100 gallons water; enter in the lead first, 4 or 5 turns; wring out; then through chrome; continue from the one to the other till dark enough.
For 50 lb. 10 lb. bark, 2 lb. logwood, 8 oz. bluestone. Boil the bark in a bag; put off the boil, and enter; winch 20 minutes; lift, and put in the bluestone; return for 10 minutes; lift and wash in 2 waters, and top; give the logwood in another dish; when dark enough, wash and dry.
(a) For 40 lb. 2 1/2 lb. annatto, 24 lb. bark, 3 quarts muriate of tin. ' Boil the annatto; put off the boil; enter, and winch till it has a good body; wring out, wash well, wring again, and shake out; then, in a clean boiler, boil the bark in a bag for 15 minutes; add the muriate of tin, and enter; winch at the spring till the required shade is got.
(6) For 50 lb. Bottoming, 1 1/2 lb. annatto. Dyeing, 5 lb. bark, 3 quarts muriate of tin. Give the annatto boiling hot; wash in 2 waters; boil the bark, and add the muriate of tin; enter; winch 20 minutes, then wash and dry.
(a) For 50 lb. 40 lb. muriatic acid, 10 lb. nitric acid, carefully and slowly killed with 9 1/2 lb. of tin, or 3. oz. of tin to the pound.
2 quarts muriatic acid, feed with 1 1/2 lb. tin, or 1 1/2 oz. to the gill..
For dyeing purposes we may consider that 1 lb. of silk woven into common sarsenet, measures about 13 yards: this multiplied by 16, gives 208; or for a more convenient standard, we may calculate 200 yards at 16 lb., 100 at 8 lb., and so on.
When satins, satinets, sarsenets, or silks of any kind are found to contain shots, that is, warp and weft of different qualities, they must be prepared as follows: - For 100 yards. Dissolve 1 1/2 b. salt of tartar in a copper containing 150 gallons boiliug water; winch in this one hour; lift, and wash in 2 waters; and then prepare for any colour. If, after dyeing black, brown, or any colour, the silk is found to contain a shot of different silk, it must be discharged to the bottom, and put through the stuff as directed; then prepare a new, for whatever colour required.
(a) For 200 yards or 16 lb. Prepare in a hot solution of nitro-sulphate of iron, 5° Tw., 150° F.; work 30 minutes in this; lift, and wash well in 3 warm waters; then boil 18 lb. of fustic; put off the boil; enter, and winch for 30 minutes; lift; boil 16 lb. logwood, put off the boil, and decant the clear liquor into a large tub; add 1 lb. of white soap; enter, and winch for 30 or 40 minutes in this; lift; wash in 2 waters, and you will have a brilliant jet black.
(6) For 200 yards. After being cleaned, prepare in a cold solution of nitrate of iron, 5° Tw. (this is strong enough for light silks, 4° or 4 1/2 Tw. will do for dark and dipping silks); 30 minutes in this; lift; boil 14 lb. fustic; put off the boil; enter, and winch 30 minutes; lift; wash in 3 waters, blood-warm; then boil 16 lb. logwood; decant as before; give the same quantity of soap, and finish in the same way.
(c) For 200 yards. After being cleaned or scalded, discharge in a hot vitriol sour; a cold and then a warm water out of the sour; run through another scald, and 2 warm waters; then boil 14 lb. fustic; put off the boil; winch 30 minutes, and lift for saddening; make up a solution with some of the fustic left in the last process, and 1 lb. copperas; winch in this for half an hour; wash in 3 waters; dye with 16 lb. logwood and 1 lb. of soap.