Silk Spirits, (A) Nitro-Sulphate Of Iron

2 gal. of 30 lb. double aquafortis, 24 lb. copperas. Put the aquafortis into a leaden or stoneware pot; place it near a fire, and add the copperas at 3 or 4 times; if without the convenience of a fire, put in a quart of hot water with the first of the copperas.

(6) Nitrate Of Iron

2 gal. aquafortis, 5 1/2 lb. old iron. Put this into a 6-gallon pot; add the iron by degrees; and keep it warm, like the last.

(C) Scarlet

3 lb. muriatic acid, 3 lb. pure double nitric acid; add 2 oz. sal ammoniac, and feed with 1 1/2 lb. granulated tin.

(D) Purple Vat Spirits

4 gal. (54 lb.) muriatic acid, 1 1/4 gal. (20 lb.) nitric acid. Kill with 3 1/2 lb. granulated tin; 3/4 oz. to the pound.

(E) Crimson Vat Spirit

3 gal. muriatic acid, 2 gal. nitric acid, 2 oz. sal ammoniac, fed with 3} lb. tin.

(F) Lavender

30 lb. muriatic acid, 15 lb. double nitric acid. Kill with 3 lb. granulated tin; nearly 1 oz. to the pound.

Muriate Of Tin

(a) Give any quantity of muriatic acid as much tin as it can consume; you will know when it has enough, by seeing tin lying undissolved at the bottom of the pot.

(6) Double

It requires twice as much tin as the last; it may be made by heating common muriate of tin in a stoneware pot, placed in a hot sand-bath, and giving as much tin as it can consume.


1 lb. of wool woven into common merino measures about 3 yards, common moreen about 2 yards.


(a) For 50 lb. Prepare with 2 1/4 lb. chrome; boil half an hour, and wash in 2 waters. Dye with 20 lb. logwood and 2 lb. fustic. Boil 1/2 hour;

1 water, then a slight sour, moderately warm; 1 cold water, and finish out of a warm one, softened with a little urine.

(6) For 50 lb. Prepare with 2 lb. chrome, 1 lb. tartar, and 1 quart muriate of tin; boil 1 hour, and wash in 2 waters. Dye with 25 lb. logwood and 3 lb. fustic. Boil 30 minutes, lift;, add 1 pint vitriol. Return for 10 minutes, then wash and dry. To render this blue-black, omit the fustic.

(c) 3 lb. green copperas, 3 lb. tartar, } lb. sulphate of copper, 1 lb. fustic, 1 lb. logwood. Boil for J hour; enter, and boil the cloth 3 hours; wash; then enter into a vat with 11 lb. logwood; boil 1 hour; raise; enter into logwood vat for 1/2 hour, and finish.

Blue, Pale

For 50 lb. 1 gill sulphuric acid, 3 oz. extract of indigo, 1 lb. alum. Enter cold with one half of the extract; give the other half when the boiler warms; bring to the spring.

Blue, Royal

For 50 lb. 3 1/2 lb. super-sulphate of tartar, 3 1/2 lb. prussiate of potash, 2 lb. 10 oz. logwood, 3 1/2 quarts royal blue spirits, 3 1/2 pints muriate of tin.. Into a boiler containing 100 gallons of water, put the prussiate and super-sulphate of tartar, after being dissolved in a little boiling water; have the logwood boiled beforehand, put it in, and one-half of the blue spirits; enter cool, heat up to 18C°F., and lift; give the rest of the blue spirits; return and boil for 1/4 hour; lift again, cool well and give the muriate of tin; return and boil 15 minutes; lift, wash, and dry.

Brown, Cinnamon

For 50 lb. 81b. fustic, 2 lb. madder, 10 oz. cudbear, 1 lb. tartar,.2 lb. alum. Give 2 runs, and sadden with 3 or 4 oz. of copperas.

Brown, Common Dark

For 40 lb. 6 lb. logwood, 12 lb. redwood, 4 lb. madder. Boil 1/2 hour, air out and repeat, then sadden with 1 lb. copperas; if too dark, raise to pattern with muriate of tin.

Brown, French

For 50 lb. Preparation, 1 1/2 lb. chrome. Dyeing: 6 lb. fustic, 1 lb. ground madder, 1/2 lb. cudbear, 1 lb. tartar; and if not dark enough, add 8 oz. logwood. Boil 1/2 hour.

Brown, Olive

For 50 lb. Preparation, 1 1/2 lb. chrome. Dyeing: 7 lb. fustic, 3 lb. madder, 1 lb. logwood, 2 lb. tartar, 8 oz. cudbear. 1 run; raise in the second with 5 or 6 oz. bluestone; wash well and dry.


(a) For 50 lb. 7 lb.-fustic, 8 oz. madder, 4 oz. cudbear, 2 lb. alum, 8 oz. tartar. Enter between the cold and 160° F.; after heating up, boil from 10 to 30 minutes; wash in 2 waters. All dark shades of this and the four following colours may be slightly prepared with chrome; wash in 2 waters.


(6) For 50 lb. 4 lb. fustic, 1 3/4 lb. alum, 4 oz. madder, 4 oz. tartar, 3 1/2 oz. cudbear. Work as for drab.


For 50 lb. 5 lb. fustic, 1 lb. madder, 1/2 lb. camwood, 1/2 lb. cudbear, 2 lb. alum. Work as for drab.

Green, Common Pale

For 50 lb. 3 1/2 lb. extract of indigo, 2 1/2 lb. fustic, 10 oz. tartar, 1 gill sulphuric acid. Give the extract and acid first; when at 180° F., put in the fustic and tartar; boil 15 minutes.

Green, Grass

For 50 lb. Boil 20 lb. fustic, 7 lb. extract of indigo, 1 1/2 lb. tartar, 3 gills sulphuric acid.

Green, Olive

For 50 lb. Prepare with 1 1/2 lb. chrome; boil 1/2 hour, and wash in 2 waters; then boil 12 lb. fustic and 2 1/2 lb. logwood for 1 hour; add 2 lb. madder and 2 lb. redwood. Enter; boil 1/2 hour. Raise in the same liquor with 4 oz. bluestone; wash well and dry.

Green, Pea

For 54 lb 2 lb. extract of indigo, 7 lb. fustic, 1 lb. alum. Bring on from the cold; when the boiler heats to 180° F., put in the fustic; boil 15 minutes.

Grey, French

For 50 lb. Boil 7 lb. fustic and 12 oz. cudbear. Add 6 oz. extract of indigo, 1 pint sulphuric acid. Cool to 180° F.; enter, and boil 20 minutes.

Grhy, Stlver

For 50 lb. Boil 1 lb. logwood and 2 1/2 lb. alum. Add 5 oz. extract of indigo. Brought on from 100° F.; boil 10 minutes.


For 45 lb. Boil 2 lb. logwood and 2 lb. alum. Add 10 oz. extract of indigo. Enter cold and bring up to the boil.

Lilac - For 50 lb. Boil 5 1/2 lb. logwood and 2 lb. alum. Add 2 quarts muriate of tin, 8 oz. extract of indigo. Brought on from 100° F.