(1) Light, 11 lb. yarn. - Boil 4 1/2 oz. sumach in 87 pints water; in this steep the yarn for 1 hour, turning frequently; lift, and add to the beck a decoction of 4 1/2 oz. copperas; stir; reenter, give 5 turns, steep for 15 minutes, and give another turn; let steep again, and turn once more; lift, and take through water. Wring out, and dry.
(2) Medium Mode, 11 Lb
Add to 44 qt. water at 100° F. (38° C.) a decoction of 17 1/4 oz. sumach, 8 3/4 oz. logwood, and 4f oz. prepared catechu. Steep for 1 hour. Add 4 3/4 oz. nitrate of iron at 75° Tw.; re-enter, give 10 turns, and enter into fresh water at 100° F. (38° C.) with 2 1/2 oz. chromate of potash.
(3) Light, on 60 lb. cotton pieces. - Boil 1 1/2 lb. solid extract of logwood and 1/2 lb. extract of bark in sufficient water. Run the pieces 6 to 8 times through; press; and take through a fresh beck of 5 lb. copperas; rinse; and calender out of the following mixture: - 45 lb. farina, 3 lb. wax, 6 lb. coco-nut oil, boiled to a stiff paste. Press, and dry.
(4) Fast, 22 Lb
1st operation:" 35 fl. oz. olive oil, and 2 lb. 3 oz. soda crystals. Work in this mixture at a boil for 30 minutes; wring and dry. 2nd operation: Grind 44 lb. coal very fine; add 22 lb. soda crystals, and 17 1/2 pints of water at a boil. Mix the whole very well, and let steep for some hours. Then boil for 1/2 hour in 15 times the quantity of water; strain; and work the cotton in the hot liquid for 1/4 hour, airing well; pass 5 times through the same liquid, and wring each time. Wash first in luke-warm water, then in cold water; wring, and dry. 3rd operation: The dry cotton is passed into weak size, to which a little emulsive oil has been added. Wring, and dry-. This grey resists soap, acids, and chloride of lime.
(5) Stone-Shade, 25 Lb
Boil 25 lb. sumach, and 1 lb. fustic; enter the yarns into the decoction, to which a sufficient quantity of water has been added; give 5 turns; wring; and enter into a cold beck, with a solution of 1 lb. copperas (protosulphate of iron, or ferrous sulphate), and 3/4 lb. blue stone (copper sulphate). Give 5 turns, rinse, and dry.
Extract 8 3/4 oz. sumach in boiling water; enter the yarn into the clear liquid; let steep, and make up a fresh beck, with the same weight of copperas. Wring out the yarn and enter into this second beck, working for J hour. Wring, and enter into a fresh beck of red liquor at 1 1/2° Tw. Give 12 hours; heat to 144° F. (62° C); wring out; and work for 1/2 hour in a decoction of quercitron bark.
Boil 12 lb. sugar of lead in 12 gal. clear lime-water till dissolved; add this to enough cold water. Work yarn 5 turns, and wring. Repeat this process twice in the cold liquors, wringing after each time. Get a clear lime-water up to the boil, and give the yams 5 turns in it, working very quickly. It is very important that the lime water should be boiling, to keep the yarns level. Wash off in warm water with a little soap, and dry.
(2) Annatto, 60 Lb
Boil 6 lb. concentrated annatto with 2 lb. soap, and 2 lb. common soda, till completely dissolved; add this to boiling water. Work the yarns 5 turns; wash in cold water, and dry. This colour may be modified by topping with small quantities of magenta, etc.
(3) Aniline, 60 Lb
Boil 3 lb. tannic acid, and add the solution to warm water. Work the yarns 5 turns and wring. Add 3 qt. nitro-muriate of tin to enough cold water, and mordant in the mixture. Wash well in cold water, with a little soap in the last water. Dissolve 12 oz. aniline orange, and add the solution to warm water. Give 5 turns, wash, and stove-dry.
Prepare in stannate of soda at 10° Tw.; pass in dilute sulphuric acid at 2° Tw.; and give 2 washings in clear cold water. Fill up a tub with 30 gal. logwood liquor; give 4 to 5 turns; lift; and add 4 qt. alum solution, and 1/2 pint double muriate of tin; reenter, and give 3 to 4 more turns. Wash off; and prepare another beck with 30 gal. logwood liquor, and 10 gal. peach or sapan-wood liquor; re-enter, and give 3 to 4 turns; add 1/2 pint purple spirit, and 4 qt. alum water. Give 5 to 6 turns; wash and dry.