For the packing of woven goods in Germany the following precautions are taken. The fabric is first folded on thin wooden board, then wrapped in white paper, then again in blue paper, then labelled, and put in pine cases, the corners of which are sealed with pitch so as to render them water-tight. Tin was formerly used for this purpose, but pitch has proved cheaper and equally serviceable.
Common braids are generally wound up in pieces, each containing 36 yd., wrapped in yellow or brown paper. A small piece as sample is placed on the outside of each package and the trademark pasted on. Four packages, containing 144 yd. - a gross - are placed in a carton, and then the whole tightly boxed up, so as to prevent movement during the transport. Finer qualities of braids, such as mohair, and genappe, are commonly reeled on slats or pasteboard, covered with blue or red glossy paper; a fine tissue paper, generally a white one, with the. trade-mark pasted on it, is wrapped around the braid, so as to keep it from rubbing, and giving it a fine appearance at the same time. These braids are likewise placed in elegant cartons, lined with yellow English leather, also by the gross, and then boxed up.
Common trimmings, such as rick-racks, etc, are commonly put up in bunches containing 12 yd. each, simply tied with a red cord, the trade-mark adjusted in the centre of the bunch, and the whole is wrapped up by the dozen in blue paper. Common bindings are put up in a similar manner, but are uniformly packed in gaudy cartons. Finer trimmings and bindings undergo the same process in packing as the finer braids. Common bands are reeled by 500 yd. on bobbin, and yarn is put up in skeins by the pound. These goods, when consigned to parties within the "Zollverein," and to neighbouring countries, such as France, Belgium, Netherlands, Switzerland, and Austria, are generally packed in simple wooden cases. Goods consigned to remoter countries, such as Italy, Spain, Russia, and Turkey, are frequently wrapped up in strong varnish paper; and, when shipped to the United States, are generally enclosed in oil-cloth so as to keep off dampness, and then put in wooden cases. Similar shipments to Mexico or the South American States are mostly encased in tin boxes, and, after being soldered, these are placed in wooden boxes.
It may, however, be remarked that, as a rule, German exporters do not excel in packing, and are rather careless and deficient in this important trade appliance.