(15) English ball blacking for harness is composed of 1 oz. lard, 1 oz. beeswax, 8 oz. ivory black, 8 oz. sugar, 4 oz. linseed oil, and 2 or 3 oz. water.

(16) Another kind is made of 2 oz. hogs' lard, 8 oz. best neats'-foot oil, 2 oz. beeswax, 10 oz. ivory black, and 8 oz. water. Heat the whole to a boil, remove from the fire, stir until sufficiently cool, and form into balls about 2 in. in diameter.

(17) A third description is made of 2 oz. each ivory black, copperas, and neats'-foot oil, 4 oz. brown sugar, 4 oz. soft water, and 1 oz. gum tragacanth; boil until the water has evaporated, stir until cold, then roll into balls or mould into cakes.

(18) A fourth is made of J lb. beeswax, 4 oz. ivory black, 2 oz. Prussian blue, 2 oz. spirits of turpentine, and 1 oz. copal varnish; melt the wax, stir in the other ingredients, and, when cool, roll into balls.

(19) Still another famous harness and saddlery blacking is made of 1/4 oz. isinglass, 1/4 oz. indigo, 4 oz. logwood, 2 oz. soft soap, 4 oz. glue, and 1 pint vinegar; the whole is warmed, mixed, strained, allowed to cool, and is then ready for use.

(20) Mix 1 oz. indigo, 1 lb. extract of logwood, 1 oz. softened glue, and 8 oz. crown soap (common soft soap can be used if the other cannot be had) in 2 qt. vinegar; place the mass over a slow fire, and stir until thoroughly mixed. Apply with a soft brush, and use a harder one for polishing.

(21) Restoring Leather - Covered Mountings

Melt 3 parts white wax, then add 1 of gum copal, dissolved in linseed oil, and 1 of ivory black; allow the mass to boil for 5 minutes, remove it from the fire, stir until cold, and roll up into balls.

(22) For the flesh side mix together 1 lb. prime lampblack and 12 lb. pure neats'-foot oil; melt 6 lb. good tallow, and add it while hot to the lampblack and oil. Mix well, and when cold it will be fit for use.

(23) Another: to 1$ lb. lampblack add 1 gal. pure neats'-foot oil, and 1 qt. vinegar black; allow it to stand 24 hours, and it will be ready for use.

(24) Crown Soap Black

Dissolve, over a slow fire, 1 lb. beeswax, 1 lb. crown soap, 3 oz. indigo, 4 oz. ivory black, and 1/2 pint oil of turpentine; as soon as dissolved, remove from the fire, and stir until cold.

(25) Take 6 oz. turpentine, 3 oz. beeswax, 11/2 oz. ivory black, 1/2 oz. indigo blue, 1/2 oz. ink. Cut the beeswax fine, pour the turpentine on it, let it stand covered 5 or 6 hours, and mix well together; to be kept covered.

(26) Digest 12 parts shellac, 5 white turpentine, 2 gum sandarach, 1 lampblack, with 4 of spirits of turpentine, and 96 of alcohol.

(27) For Russet Leather

Mix together 1 part palm oil and 3 parts common soap, and heat up to 100 F.; then add 4 parts oleic acid, and 1 3/4 of tanning solution, containing at least 1/10 of tannic acid (all parts by weight), and stir until cold. This is recommended as a valuable grease for russet leather, and as a preventive of gumming.

(28) Cordova Wax

Mix together 1 1/2 pint red acid (chromic), 1 pint beer, 1 gill thick glue, 2 oz. ivory black, and 1 dr. indigo; boil for 1/2 hour and apply with a sponge.

(29) Wax Polish

Melt together 1 lb. white wax, 1 lb. crown soap, 5 oz. ivory black, 1 04. indigo, and 1/2 pint nut oil; dissolve over a slow fire, stir until cool, and turn into small moulds.

(30) French Polish

1/2 lb. logwood chips, 1/4 lb. glue, 1/4 oz. indigo, 1/4 oz. soft soap, 1/4 oz. isinglass; boil in 2 pints vinegar and 1 pint water for 1/4 hour; strain, and bottle for use. The leather must be freed from dirt, and the polish applied with a piece of sponge.

Liquid blacking is usually filled into small bottles of very coarse stoneware, closed by corks. Paste blacking is formed into cakes, which are secured in waterproofed paper, generally prepared by steeping the paper first in boiled linseed oil, pressing, then hanging up to dry for 18 hours to a week. The following is an improved way of making a waterproof paper of superior quality, thinner, but equally strong, and capable of drying in less than a minute. The paper is steeped in a melted or fluid composition, consisting of paraffin, wax, or hard tallow, in combination with crude or other turpentine, in the proportions of two to one. It is then immediately pressed, and the surplus composition is removed by passing it between rollers heated by steam. By using paper in endless sheets, the whole process might be made continuous, the paper being finished for use or storing by the time it leaves the rollers.

It is obvious that the manufacture of blacking requires neither skill nor capital. It may be conducted on almost any scale according to the demand.