This is also the produce of a West Indian tree (Zanthoxylum Claot-Herculti), the bark of which is tubsrcu-lated, or warted, for which reason it is valued for walking sticks. They are imported from the West Indies.

Cabbage, Jersey

A well-known variety of the common garden cabbage (Brassica ofcrirca), the stems of which grow in the Channel Islands to a height of 10 or 12 ft.

Carob Or Caroubier (Ceratonia Si'I-Qui)

A branching tree about 30 ft. high, native of the Mediterranean coast. The knotted and irregular branches, when straightened, make excellent walking sticks. They are imported from Algeria.

Carolina Reeds

These are slender, bamboo-like canes, the produce, apparently, of a species of Arundimria, They are imported from China.


This is the wood of the common pencil celar (Juniper is virginiana). It is only occasionally used, and is too well known to need description. It is imported from North America.

Cherry (Prunus Cerasus)

Of late years this has become a very important stick, both for walking sticks and sunshade handles. Two distinct forms of the cherry are known in the stick trade, namely the scented and the tiger cherry. The former has a dark brown bark, which has a peculiarly sweet scent, and in consequence, is seldom or never polished, the effect of which would, of course, be to kill the perfume. The tiger cherry has a bark with patches of a beautiful golden lustre, which is heightened by the addition of polish. These sticks are imported in large quantities from Austria and Hungary, where the growth for pipes and walking sticks constitutes a staple industry.


These are branches or saplings of the Spanish chestnut (Cas-tanea sativa). When peeled, the wood is of a very light colour, but is hard and durable. The sticks are obtained principally from France.


These sticks are the produce of the ordinary or Arabian coffee-tree (Cofea arabica), and are brought here from the West Indies. They are very hard and heavy, with a light-coloured bark, and have but little to recommend them.


The produce of the cork oak (Qieroui Suber). Though these sticks are somewhat clumsy in appearance, owing to the thick and rugged deposit of bark or cork, they are light in weight from the same reason. They are imported from Spain and Algeria.


Two kinds of stick are furnished by this plant - the wild form of the cultivated apple (Pyrus malus), the plainer sticks being known as crab, and the knotted or irregular sticks as warted crab. They are the produce of our own country, though some are imported from the Continent.

Date Palm

These are the midribs of the leaves of this well-known palm (Phanix dactylifera) with the leaflets cut off, rounded and smoothed, and then polished. They are imported from Algeria.

Dogwood (Comus Sanguinea)

This is a well-known shrub of our own hedges, the wood of which is hard and not liable to splinter; hence it was at one time much used for butchers' skewers. These properties, together with those of rigidity and lightness, have caused the sticks to become very much in favour with walking-stick makers. On this account they are much used for the "pillars" or sticks of umbrellas and sunshades, often having other handles or knobs fixed to them. They are imported in large quantities from France, Germany, and other parts of the Continent.


Several kinds of ebony are known in the trade as Ceylon, Macassar, and flowered ebony. The two former arc the produce of Diospyros ebenum, and the latter of a totally different plant, namely, Brya ebenus. The first is a native of Cevlon and India, and furnishes the best true ebony, while the second is a small tree, native of the West Indies, and is sometimes known as green ebony and cocus-wood, so much used for making flutes. The ebonies furnish very choice sticks, which are cut from the solid wood.


This, as its name implies, is the produce of Eucalyptus Globulus, better known, perhaps, as the blue gum. It is a native of Australia, but has been introduced into many other parts of the world. The supply for the stick trade comes from Algeria.

Fullers' Teazle (Dipsacus Fullonum)

This plant is probably only a cultivated variety of the common teazle found wild in our copses and hedges (Dipsacus sylvestris). The plant is cultivated in some parts of this country, as well as in France and Germany, for the Fake of the hooked bracts of the flower-heads, which are used for teasing or carding cloth. The adaptation of the stems for sunshade handles is very singular, for most of those used for the purpose are fasciated or abnormally twisted in the process of growth, so that they become double or treble their normal size. This fasciation was at one time considered to be unusual in the teazle, and their appearance a few years since in thousands as sunshade handles came as a surprise to the botanist. It exemplified, however, what has been before said, how apparently useless products can be made subservient to the demands of commerce. Teazle stems are imported from France.

Furze, Sometimes Also Known As Whin Or Gorse (Ulex Europeus)

The stems of this common British plant are, as is well 5 known, very irregular in their growth. When they are straightened and properly dressed, however, they make extremely pretty walking and umbrella sticks, and are in great demand.


These are the saplings of a palm, the botanical origin of which cannot be accurately determined, inasmuch as the name gru-gru is equally applied to Astrocaryum vulgare and Acrocomia sclerocarpa, both South American species. The sticks are very beautiful, being of a rich dark brown with fine white longitudinal lines near the joints. The rootheads also are very handsome. The sticks are imported from the West Indies.