Handwork and Connected Thought as given in a City Elementary School

KIND OF SCHOOL: - City school in crowded section.

ENVIRONMENT: - Poor working class, living in small, often dark apartments, with insufficient room for the family.

NEEDS: - Ideas of cleanliness, neatness, economy and simple beauty. The articles for everyday use.

To prepare children for occupational life at home or in trade.

SCHOOL AIM: - To improve the home conditions and make pupils efficient workers in school, home and society.

DOMESTIC ART AIM: - To make the pupils interested, capable workers, and to give them industrial intelligence.

The first three grades have large muscle movements and a general knowledge of many materials. The emphasis in these grades is on manipulation, not on a finished product. Each article can be made quickly and is not kept for exhibit, but put to immediate use.

CORRELATION: - First three grades: The discussions in connection with the handwork serve to unite all school subjects and to interest the children in present-day conditions. Art lessons are used to illustrate the handwork, to decorate it directly or to make designs that may be used in the sewing. Number work is needed continually in the handwork. English is used for expression, for spelling terms in use, and for reading which will explain the handwork or interest the classes in industrial life. Primitive history connects with the primitive handwork.