Canvas napkin rings, mats and cases, the bottom of flannel skirts and jackets and in embroidery on linen.
For finishing raw edges in place of overcasting. It is also used ornamentally as in scallops on flannel or by a network of stitches over a surface. A neat way of joining the edges of Hamburg trimming is to button-hole or blanket stitch the edges together very closely.
It holds an edge from raveling and at the same time decorates it. When worked close together it is very strong and durable as well as beautiful.
Fig. 22.-Blanket Stitch.
It is worked from right to left or left to right, the latter being the more usual way. The work is held over the first finger of the left hand with the raw edge toward the worker. The upright part of the stitch is at right angles with the raw edge (Fig. 22); the loop goes over the edge. The needle is inserted as far from the raw edge as the depth of the stitch chosen. To fasten the thread in cloth or flannel (in canvas a knot has to be used); make a running stitch toward the edge, insert the needle again at the same place as before and take one stitch toward the edge, slip the thread under the needle and make a loop. Insert the needle at the same height as the last stitch and as far to the right (or left) as desired, making a loop in the thread. Continue the stitches the same height and the same distance apart. In a corner three stitches should come in the same hole to make a neat turn. When a new thread is to be taken, fasten off the old thread back of the last upright stitch. Begin the new thread by a running stitch back of the last stitch, catch the new thread through the loop and proceed as before.
The depths of the upright stitches may be varied at regular intervals and make a most attractive effect. An ornamental network also can be made by catching succeeding rows of the stitch in the previous row. In using the blanket stitch for scallops in embroidery (Fig. 23), the upright part of each stitch lies close to the next. It must be crowded on the inner edge of the scallop to have the outer edge firm and substantial. When the point of union between two scallops is reached, the last blanket stitch can come directly at the point of junction, or each succeeding scallop can begin again at that point and give an overlapping appearance. The last is the richer effect. In flannel garments, scalloped at the edge, the material below the scallop is to be cut away. It is better not to cut too close until the flannel has been once washed.
The blanket stitch is very useful in early primary grades. It may be used to finish the edges of burlap mats, leaves for needlebooks, bookmarks, blankets, bookcovers and napkin rings. Variation in the length of the stitches may also be suggested by the children. In raffia work this stitch may be used in picture frames, or to hold together the bundles of raffia, for making hats, mats and baskets.